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THE SANDERS COUNTY LEDGER 1 WHEN YOU BUILD YOUR FARM HOME PERMANENT MATERIAL SHOULD BE USED IN CONSTRUC TION OF HOUSE. Should Be as Near as Possible to School and Market; Closeness to Road Tends to Overcome Seclusion of Farm Life; Is Family Social 'Center. The site of the house in the farm- stead, the room required, the ma- terial to be used, and the money available are factors that should be considered in building a farm house. Closeness to road tends to over- come the seclusion of farm life. The house should be located on that part of the farm which will bring it closest to the school and market and leave it in the most economical re- lation to the rest of the farm busi- ness. TREASURE STATE FARM AND LllVESTOCK1 IT WILL PAY TO CURE YOUR PORK WHY MONTANA WILL PROSPER Anticipate Farm Development. The house should be of sufficient size to meet the requirements of the family and the home operations for the time that it is to serve. To make this possible one must have a reason- ably definite idea of the size to which the farm business is to be developed, the proportion of the work to be done in the home, and the number of per- sons it is to accomodate before other 'housing facilities are provided. Permanent material should be used in the construction of the house. This may mean a high first cost but it is conterbalanceS by low cost of upkeep. This is particularly the case with the house because it is rela- tively more permanent than other farm buildings and a high state of re- pair is more desirable. Suggestions From Other Houses. The criterion generally used to de- termine the size of a farm house is a certain proportion of the total in- vestment in the farm business. This is fairly satisfactory but less so than with other buildings because the home element—the social center of the family—is a consideration. The house should furnish as many corn -I forts and conveniences as possible without handicapping the productive powers of the farm business or in- curring an oppresive financial bur- den upon the family. Other houses should be inspected and the desirable features noticed. Many helpful suggestions can be ob- tained in this way which are more practical than those worked out en- tirely in theory. A competent architect should be consulted to combine the ideas re- ceived through observation. The sav- ing he will make in the principles of construction and materials to be used will more than pay his fee. _ POULTRY. All poultry live weight. F. 0. 13. Butte. Hens, medium and large, plump and young...________119c Hens, medium stock____ISc Springs, medium Springs, small fryers and ' pullets ...... ...... Cockerels, large 19c Ducks, young and tat__ 20c Geese, young and fat ...... Turkeys, young and plump 27c Turkeys, old Toms ........ _25c LEWIS POULTRY CO., Butte, •••••••••••••••••••••••••• mal q n Poultry Book =vrar.4.rsilts. nannies. men., gran' and Awe= lanewleenee Deeartbss low Pearaw hem awn... SO awntened warlettee. Tana bow at eines. fowls. M.. Inanbeieert •rrentere This beak de.. derive ted •for IC mots C..,,'. roan, Corm. See 130, Cherlogs.lavo• Eggs, Poultry, Dressed Pork, Veal, Hay, Grain and Potatoes WO WWIt all your eggs, live poultry, dressed pork and veal, and will pay you one to two cents over the prevailing market prices for BRIO-. HOW 1.011 we do It? We have a retail department where Sc are sell- ing direct to the consumer null iVe are cut- ting out the middleman's profit. WE WANT ALL YOUR EGOS and 1 . 1111 pay you on bombs of present market forty-five cents per dozen. We will send you check for amount of your shipment within forty-eight hours aft- er It to received. We are not doing a com- mission loisiness. foil STRICTLY ('ASII We pay CASII and i.e NOli for each. You can make your shipments C. 0. I). if you prefer. But if you ship C. 0. D... Izistruet express agent to mettle on express weights at this end. anti you pay ewes); charges. All prices net to shippers on Express com- pany's nelght f. o. b. Great Falls. No com- mission charged. Chlekttns, per iii 13.i Turkeys per lb 17 to 111c iflecne, per In It to 13e Ducks -per . ... . ...... 11 to 13c (tressed Pork, 125 to Ste Ilia: per lb..- 17e Dressed Pork, 2(0) ilis and over; 15e Veal, 145 to 125 Mot; per ...... I,t Veal. 125 to 175 Ihn: per it. Veal. 173 to 250 his per lb 12c We egn sell yOul tiny. grain nod potatoes. anyt'ollantIty NORTHERN BROKERAGE CO. C. M. PARR, Monscer. SOO First Ave. Noutk. Great Falls. Montana Montana's crop. of 1917 was indifferent. Her labor troubles cur tailed, her metal output. Large values were dissipated when cattle and sheep succumbed to the rigorous winter of the spring - months. On the heels of all these reverses came the Liberty loan issues and the Red Cross subscription, to all of which the people of the state sub- scribed liberally. • Loans are tightening. Interest rates are advancing. Indeed it is hard to get money on the best security. , All these conditions, together with the war, which has taken more than 10,000 of the young manhood of the state, has given the pessimist an °ppm tunity to spread depression. As a matter 9f fact there is no occasion for depression. The people of Montana are in most fortunate circumstances. There is a war demand, at increased prices, for everything the state produces. The best year the state has ever had is in front of us. Metal production will be at its peak in 1918. The Butte mines started off the year with 117,000 men on their pay rolls—more than were employed before the war by at least 4,000. Wages paid miners are from 10 to 15 per cent more than they ever received in the past. The total wage disbursement of the Butte camp should aggregate some- thing like $36,000,000. Time was when a disbursement of $1,000,000 per month was thought to be enormous. The sharp advance in silver will mean the employment of three times as many miners in camps outside of Butte as were employed in 1917. Ideal Fall for Farmers. The fall has been an ideal one for the farmer, and he has taken advantage of it. More land was turned by the plow last fall, in readi- ness for spring plowing than -was seeded in the spring of 1917. Much land which the drought affected, has, in effect, lain fallow, all year. The storms that have come during the past six weeks have been of the right kind to season all this land. Damp snows of much depth have come,and melted and the hungry soil has soaked up the moisture. It will mature, during these winter months into a most fertile seedbed. With 75 per cent of normal rainfall next summer, the 1918 crop will be of the bumper variety. It would not be out of the way to es- timate the wheat bushelage at 40,000,000. This will bring $80,000,000 to the Montana farmer, three times what the total would be in peace times. Other grains and products will bring as much more money to him. It is reasonable to assume that the excess war profit of the ag- riculturists of the state will be $100,000,000 more than would find its way to the credit of the Montana farmer - in tirlies-of peace. With this enormous surplus in prospect, and the metal producing districts being worked to the limit the fall of 1918 should be the most prosperous in the history of the state. FARMING WILL ADVANCE There will be a tremendous ad- vance in agriculture after the war is ended. This has been the case after every great war that has ever been fought. After a time spent in camp, men turn instinctively back to the land. China is certain to develop her ag- riculture, as will also South America. Africa will be developed and trans- formed. There never was a more en- couraging or inviting outlook for the trained man. There is a great complaint of the shortage of labor in this country. In- dustries are paralyzed. Land is go- ing untitled, and in some cases crops are unharvested because of this shortage. Yet there is no shortage of labor. Never before was there as much idleness and unemployment as must decide whether the service we are rendering is necessary or import- ant and decide upon the service that it will be best for us to render. Indications are that when the war Is over this country will suddenly be forced to change her custom of sell- ing raw material in which from 5 to 15 per cent of labor is involved to that of furnishing products in which the labor alone will be from 45 to 70 per cent. We have before us one great task —to win the war. Everything else must be subordinated to that. But in your thinking and in your planning look ahead also and prepare to ren- der the best possible service in the days when the war will be over and the world must be rebuilt. there is in this country today. We FIRE MARSHAL ASKS ANG I EROUS FARMER PROTECT HAY as well as painful Backache Lumbago Stiff Joints Neuralgia Rheu matism Sprains Combault'sCaustic Balsam WILL RELIEVE YOU. ills pea ..... inn soothing sad beetling and tor all Sores or Woinde, Talona, Exterior Color, Burns, Carliuntlee and all Swell - mot whore an outward aet , hrsoon ie required CIUNTIC BALSAM 14,0 NO LtiLIAL Removes the eirronese—etrelldthenstA• •0 tuir Lola.. Sold by druggists og ..at by narraprese prepaid. WOW for Booklet L. Ilta LAMMAS/WILLIAM, COMPANT. Dosisall. e t R itish E . Ore S goo lj . Pr L !: 15 ner do tlj ; 8 \*2 . 2b5I PS ,U. Itaaget.Eherles2.Greems c press permidon 4 deem or room They contain the roost deadly mar location of poisons known to science. 1,11xWolven,trese rindSticep-kia,ng Dosn almost in- stantly and inns noyintureethefur. Indorsed end re- commended bythe Greemment. Onion tads,. FIl Part...hr . ( h ost f or on , ut iiret, Inc cataloguer wpm.' Imie mid far price hot No. 55 Nocthwestern Hide& Fur Co. u \*\\''''' Maassees IDES HORSE - COW - BULL CALF FURS FLRS 0% r Ire for Tag, — Price Mot The R. E. Cobb Co 3 \ Rt i St. Paul, Mon • 50c -Butterfat -50c Send Us Your Shipments of CREAM and POULTRY GREAT FALLS DAIRY PRODUTS CO. Great Falls, Montana CnIted Staten Food Administration License No. (MUMS State Fire Marshal A. E. Eklund urges all farmers to take the utmost precautions to protect their hay and grain from being destroyed by fire bugs. He stated today that while it would be hard to obtain legal proof, he is satisfied that many of the fires occurring in Montana this season on farms were started by arson fiends, probably by alien enemies. There have been more fires this year on Montana ranches and farms than for several years past, and in almost every instance grain or haY was destroyed along with the build- ings. \I have investigated a number of these fires,\ said Mr. -Eklund. \and the circumstances were such I was driven to the conclusion that they were started by fire hugs. Possibly It was the work of alien enemies. All grain elevators in Montana are guard- ed, and arson fiends have but little chance to operate around them. It Is likely that some of these fires were started wit% the intenticin of de- stroying grain and hay. \Farmers cannot take too many precautions to protect their stacka and their granaries, for every pound of grain conserved means an extra pound released for our allies, and every pound of hay means just that much more beef.\ Stivers Makes Record. There Is hardly a day in the week but there comes to hand some boost for a Montana man now in the serv- ice of his country. The latest is !It regard to Maj. D. Gay Stivers of Butte, who is now in charge cf the construction work at Camp Netvark, where the government is spending aroond $20,000,000 in the construc- tion of warehouses and Other mild- ings. This news was brought to Butte last week by James H. Casey, who has been working under Milor St ivera for the peat three months and who is in Butte 'for a short stay bo- fore leaving for Callfrenia. Mr. Casey hopes to be back on the job again before long under Major Silv- ers. CURED MEAT IS WORTH GOLD DOLLARS AT THESE WAR TIME PRICES. Brine Plan Usually Best on the Farm; Care of Meat Just After KiUing 18 Important; Let Animal Heat Escape Before Salting; How to Prepare Brine. Propel' curing of mirk is of great importance at all times, but is espe- cially so now when the meat is expen- sive and conservation of fats is neces- sary. In the curing of pork, the care of the meat immediately after killing is equal in importance to the curing it- self. If salted before the animal heat is out, the shrinkage of the muscles causes the retention of inju- rious gases, giving an offensive odor to the meat. If salted while the meat is frozen, the frost prevents thorough penetration of the salt and uneven curing results. The safest rule to follow is to salt pork as soon as the animal heat is out, and before it freezes or begins to decay. Ordin- arily 24 to 36 hours after slaughterlag will allow sufficient time for cooling. Dirctions for Brine Cure. Brine cured pork may be either plain salt or sugar cured, and is best for farm use because a sultabl3 place for dry curing is not usually obtain- able. The plain salt method consists in rubbing each piece of pork with fine common salt and packing it closely in a barrel. Let it stand over night. The next day weigh out 10 pounds of salt and two ounces of saltpeter to each 100 pounds of meat and dissolve these ingredients in four gallons of boiling water. When the solution is cold, pour it over the meat, and then cover and place a weight on is so that the meat will stay under the brine. The pork should be kept in the brine until used. In sugar curing each piece of meat is rubbed with salt after it is cool and allowed to drain over night. It should then be packed in a barrel .with the hams and shouldera at the bottom and strips of bacon at the top. Meat -oat pack best if cut into small pieces about six inches square. Weigh out for each 100 pounds of meat, eight pounds of salt, two pounds of brown sugar, and two ounces of saltpeter. 'Dissolve the salt, the sugar, and the saltpeter in four gallons of water, and pour the solution over the pork. Bacon strips should remain in brine from four to six weeks, and tram& from six to eight weeks, be- fore they are smoked. Pork cured In this way not only keps all summer but will be sweet, palatable, and of good flair. Moist Place Is Necessary. In dry curing, five pounds of salt, two pounds of granulated sugar, and two ounces of saltpeter all thorough- ly mixed, should be allowed for 100 pounds of meat. Rub the meat once every three days with one third -of the mixture. While the pork is cur- ing it should be packed in a barrel or tight box. For the sake of conve- nience, it is well to have two barrels, and to transfer the meat from one to the other each time it is rubbed. After the last rubbing the meat should lie in the barrel for a week or 10 days, when it will - ,be cured and ready to smoke. To cure well it is desirable that the meat be kept in a cool, moist place, as the preserva- tives will not penetrate easily and uniformly if the air is warm and dry. GROW GRASS CROPS ON FIELDS THAT ARE STEEP Grass crops rather than cultivated crops should be maintained in fields that are steep and subject to surface run-offs. Through run-offs the best soil is carried away. This is the reason cultivated crops should not be grown there. The few inches of surface soil contains more nitrogen and organic matter than the subsoil. The surface soil contains the more readily available plant foods. It is this soil that has been carried from the uplands to the bottom farms where it has built up the most pro- dective class of soil. In addition to the organic matter E n d plant food re- moved by surface run-offs, gullies form in fields and interfere with cul- tivation. Since it is the run-off of water which causes the damage, any means of preventing this will decrease the loss. A soil which contains a large amount of organic matter wilt ,absorb and hold more water than one which has a low organic ontent. A tool organic content wil . be obtained by plowing under green crops, such as sweet clover, cowpeas, or alfalfa, or by application of straw and manure from barnyards. BIG MONEY IN FURS' hoc to ' , Oki Reliable\ Squire Deal House Furs- Hides -Pelts -Wool W. MT aliases prima tor Mire and Ilklen. Charts no eommtodon leur Mels tree tap and -Trappers Outdo\ to Wooers write Mr prim I. M MILLAR FUR & WOOL CO. MINNEAPOLIS MINN WORLD NEWS TOLD IN BRIEF Seattle.—Women are to be employ- ed on the street railways of Seattle. Seattle.—Alaskan exports for 1917 totaled $130,000,000. London. — Germany is said to be subsidizing the labOr press of Sweden. Berlin.—Property of Americans in Germany has been placed under trus- teeship by the German government. Washington.—A return to a nor- mal sugar supply for the nation is not long to be deferred. Havana. — The food shortage in Cuba is acute. Lard is 80 cents a pound and flour $20 a barrel. Washington.—Hundreds of passen- ger trains on railroads east of the Mississippi are to be withdrawn from service. Chicago.—A fund of $1,000,000 is to be raised by Amei Man Jews for the purpose of repeopling Palestine with the Jewish race, Paris.—The wheat area retaken from the enemy in northern France may be made to produce sufficient wheat for 1,000,000 men. London.—War office data indicates that 1.25 submarines are destroyed daily as against construction not ex- ceeding .75 daily. Washington.—The ordinance bu- reau of the army is to be reorganized with experienced business men at the head of various divisions. Washington.—Importation of lux- uries are to be reduced substantially as a measure of stabilizing dollar ex- change in neutral countries. Washington.—The federal govern- ment is asking the lumbermen of the spruce forests of the west to increase production four fold in order to fa- cilitate the manufacture of airplanes. Washington.—Food conservatiox in hotels, conceeded to be a failtr:e on account of competition, is to be plac- ed directly under government control on a ration system. Washington.—For the quick ex- pansion of the airplane program the government contemplates an addi- tional appropriation of $1,000,000,- 0 0 0. London. — A plan of warfare against the U-boats is said to have been perfected by the British admir- alty which is expected to insure the destruction of the submarines at a rapid rate. London.—Great Britain is to adopt drastic measures to increase her mili- tary and industrial man power. The measures proposed include conscrip- tion in Ireland, which would mean an increase of 250,000 men for the army. London.—The British government is planning to set aside 6,000 acres of land in England and Wales for the purpose of supplying soldiers and sailors with small farms after the war. Paris. --German officers are telling their men that a German fleet has bombarded and captured New York, and a German army -to tnarchIng on Washington. The stories are told by captured German prisoners. Tokio. — An American -Japanese steel company is to be organized in Japan with a capitalization of $215.- 000,000, of which 52 per cent is to be supplied by American interests and 98 per cent by Japanese. Milwaukee. — Republicans and democrats of the eighth state sena- torial district of Wisconsin combined on Louis Eons, running on the \American\ ticket, and defeated Ed- ward F. Melms, socialist candidate. The Victor-LaFollette machine sup- ported Melms. Washington.—American troops are to be rushed to the fighting fronts in large numbers as quickly as possible, and there is to be perfect co-ordina- tion in naval, military, financial, food, war industries and diplomatic matters between the allied govern- ments. Britain and France are to furnish ships for transport and sup- ply arms and munitions to Americans where necessary. Paris.—A young French airman, in thick weather, landed far behind the German lines. At that moment he beheld German cavalry galloping to- ward him. Ile immediately opened his engine full and skimming the ground charged the Germans. He was attacked but he got his machine gun into action, killing the officer in com- mand and a number of the cavalry- men, the rest taking to their heels. Then he flew back to the French lines and a s n a a f m et a y ..—German propaganda is Latin America is being conducted in Spanish language newspapers, by mall, commercial travelers and mov- ing pictures. The principal argument is that Germany will win, and that the United States and Great Britain are leagued to eliminate German competition so that natives will do the work and they reap all the prof- its.. Columbia has been promised the return of Panama in the event of German victory. Washington. --There are 10,000 air pilots, either graduate aviators or In training in the army service, with 100,000 men in all branches. It is estimated that it takes six months and costs $25,000 to make an aviator. Great Britain has 10,000 airplanes and during 1918 will build two ma- chines to every one produced by Ger- many. The United States will have 20,000 machines completed by June, and it is expected that by that date the combined air fleet of France, England and the United States will exceed that of the central allies by four to one. Prepare Now for Bigger Crops Next Spring Forget the old routine. Adopt improved methods. That's the only way to solve your labor problems and boost production in 1918. Munition plants and factories in general are working at top speed. They have steadily drained farm labor from the fields. Now the draf t has taken many more men. You must cut down on labor requirements. That is exactly what the Geveland Tractor, the country over, is helping wide-awake farmers to do. This wonderful little machine will do your work better, faster, and al much less cost than you can possibly do it with horses and men. Hauling two 14 -inch bottoms, it plows 3% miles an hour-- 8 to 10 acres a day. That is more than you can do with three good 3 -horse team& and 3 farm hands. And at this high speed the Cleveland Tractor turns over the prettiest job of plowing you ever saw. Figure up the saying—not only in labor—butIn time and good, hard cash. in addition, the Cleveland enables you to plow when you need it and where you need it. Because it crawls on its own tracks, it can go over almost any soil at any time. That is something you can't do with hones and Men. Think of the extra yield that mama. Moreover, the Cleveland does not pack your seedbed. 1,/ is light — only 2750 pounds—and has 600 square inches of continuous traction surface. No i other tractor built exerts so small a pressure. ' i The ac -rebind gives you 20 h. p. at the pulley and 12 h. p. at the her -economical. I dependable power to do your hauling and stationary engine work. I Rollin H. White builds the Cleveland Tractor with •Il the scrupulous rare he put into the I manufacture of motor trucks. He tires only the beat materiale-only the finest motor truck i parts and gears. He has protected all gears with dinproof. dustproof casings. I He has an designed the Cleveland Tractor that it steers by the pouter of If, engine. JIM • I . light turn of the wheel and the motor does the rest. Anyone can drive is. It will actually 1 tarn In a 12 -foot circle -less than it takes to turn • team. i i These are real advantage. -too big and too important to be overlooked. There am others 41 nut as big. Combined, they make the aeveland the biggest labor-saving. time.aavins, . 0 , 1 money -making implement introduced into modern farming. Prepare now for bigger, better crepe next spring. Decide now to make the ---\'-- Cleveland earn money for you,.. it is doing for h p,... undie , la dd of ,...n oliveri. .\.... D.0„.....7,a _/ - clia...i...d. .. vELA06.1.ND ; of new orders before January 1st. So e is neemagry Mail you Order SON for delivery early in 1915. We are so nowded with orden that we cannot ..-- TRACTOR CO. , Write to us todsy for hill particular. aad ease Plew opnd m• (.11 inf ....maim ' of the nernrend Cleveland dealer. lJe the about the Cleveland - ima m % I coupon or *dams Dept. a . CLEVELAND TRACTOR -4 COMPANY e Cleveland. Ohio, U. S. A. Cosa, i a •