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s. THE SANDERS COUNTY LEDGER. TREASURE STATE Fft MO LOVESTOCK KNOWING HOW TO PLANT WINTER WHEAT ACREAGE MUCH HELPS YOUR GARDEN When you go out in the backyard, LARGER THAN PLANTED IN 1917 or wherever your garden plot may be this spring, it is a good idea to be a little careful in preparing the ground for the planting of the seetis. Condi- tions in various places vary, but there are a few suggestions printed herewith that may prove of value to 'you. Everyone is, of course, going to raise a garden this year, and every- one is urged to go about it systemati- cally but not until it as been care- fully planned out beforehand, both as to what you want to plant and how much as well. No set rule can be laid down for the depth to which garden seeds should be planted. Seeds planted out of doors, however, are usually covered deeper than those sown in the hotbed or greenhouse. Small seeds are covered with one inch of soil, while some of the larger seeds are planted from two to four inches be- low the snrface. IT the soil is dry at sowing time it is well to firm it over the seeds, but otherwise this practice is usually not advisable. The soil should never be permitted to bake after the seeds have tiabn planted. Stir it lightly after each rain, using an iron rake for this pur- pose. This will also retard the growth of weeds. Some seeds are slow to germinate and should be planted with a variety that is rapid in its germination. Use radish with parsnips, for example. The radishes break the ground for the parsnips and help to mark the row so that cul- tivation may be started early. Cows Go Joy Riding. Cows owned by James R. Elliott of Pendleton, Ind., no longer have to plod their way over dusty roads when taken to market. Elliot owns an auto truck and when he has some beef for market he loads them on the truck and they journey to the stock- yards in style. He takes them to In- -, dianapolis, a distance of forty miles. FEDERAL RESERVE AGENT RICH SAYS VERY SMALL AMOUNT OF WINTER WHEAT HAS BEEN KILLED; - SPRING OPERATIONS OPENED 30 DAYS IN ADVANCE OF USUAL SEASON.; SPRING WHEAT ACREAGE WILL IW 25 PER CENT IN EXCESS OF ACRE. AGE PLANTED LAST YEAR. (By John H. Rich, Federal Reserve Agent.) Spring operations throughout the out the remainder of North Dakota entire ninth district have opened up' an increase of from five to 10 pe cent in wheat acreage is in prospect from 15 to 30 days earlier than in with some increase in South Dakot an average year. In the western half as well. In Minnesota and Wiscon- c.f the district spring plowing and sin it is evident that the wheat acre ultivating are in very active pro- age will be increaaed fully 10 pe cent and perhaps more. gross, and a large amount of land A novel and interesting feature o that was not plowed last fall is be- the situation is that many farmer ing put in condition for immediate who have grown no wheat for man planting. Wheat seeding is in pro- years are including from 10 to 4 acres of wheat plantint, and are thu gress generally over all of North and making a substantial contribution t South Dakota and Montana. In Mon- the production of the chief bread tana it was from 10 to 15 per cent grain. completed on April 1, while very Corn acreage except in Montana rapid progress has ben made in both a will be decreased, but not as heavily s was previously feared. White of the Dakotas. In Minnesota, the rye shows a considerably increased wheat planting is much further ad- acreage in North and South Dakota vanced, and from 25 per cent to 40 and Montana, and some increase In per cent of this crop is already in the Minnesota. The indications are tha ground. On account of the peculiar Planting of oats will be about the ly important posit n that wheat oc. same as in an average year. and tha ' 3 cupies this year, a special interest the planting of flax will show some surrounds the question of the acre.. decrease ages of the various states of this Reports received by this bank ar district. Until planting is completed of such a character as to indicate that accurate estimates will be very dif- there has been a change in sentiment ficult to obtain, on the wheat question, and that with Increase in Wheat Acreage seeding actually in progress, farmer There are strong indications that are more inclined than 30 days ago t with a winter acreage approximately accept the certainties that surround 25 per cent greater in Montana, that a fixed price for the 1918 wheat crop the increase of spring wheat will be rather than to take chances upon an about the same, providing for a uncertain market with rye and bar- latgely increased production in that ley: state. This will also apply to the Little Winter Killing western counties of -North Dakota Montana's winter wheat acreage planted last fall was larger than usual. The failure of last year's crop prompted numerous farmers to make an effort to offset the loss by a larger crop this year. Reports from winter wheat territory are very fa- vorable. The amount killed by win- ter weather is unusually small. The fall planted wheat got an excellent start and rooted down in good shape. There is very little danger that sud- den cold spells this spring will do any damage. In some localities the acreage of spring wheat will be dou- ble. The amount of plowing com- pleted by April 1 is considerably larg- er than in an average year and wea- ther conditions have been favorable to spring work. Spring operations have opened up throughout all of the grain growing territory 30 days earlier than usual, which promise to give this year's crops a very unusual advantage and a particularly early start. The oat crop will be increased. Flax will -show about the same acreage as a year ago. Moisture conditions are satis- factory at present, but rains will be needed later in order to bring the crop along in good shape after the planting season is over. Acreage es- timates at this time are unsatisfac- tory owing to the fact that the plant- ing is not yet completed. It is prob- able that the increase in the spring wheat acreage will be about 20 per cent, which with an increase of from 20 to 25 per cent in the fall planting of wheat will substantially increase the production of this important crop. More Corn Planted A considerably larger acreage of corn than usual will be put in. and the total acreage of all crops will be substantially increased. Throughout Minnesota and Wis- consin a new and interesting condi- tion which will substantially improve the production of wheat is disclosed by numerous reports which indicate that in sections where farmers have been practically out of wheat grow- ing for years past, there is a decided movement toward the planting of this crop this year. As one Minnesota bank expresses it: \Our farmers are getting tired of war bread and are putting in from 10 to 40 acres each of wheat this year.\ This contribu- tion to the wheat acreage will be a most welcome and valuable addition to the crop. The planting will be done ofi farms that are under excel- lent cultivation and in , territory where the soil fertility and advanced methods of farming are such as to insure considerably better than the average returns per acre. In the re- maining portions of the state where wheat has been a staple crop, there is every indication that the acreage will increase by at least 10 per cent, while corn in most localities will show a decrease of from 10 to 26 per cent in the acreage planted. Both rye and barley promise an improved acreage, while oats, flax and buck- wheat will remain about the same. Reports from all parts of the dis- trict indicate that all that could be expected has been done to hold corn up to a normal production. The movement during the past 60 days to ear test all need corn has gained remarkable headway, and has un- doubtedly resulted in substantially increasing the amount of corn t' at will be planted. The difficulties of obtaining seed have been very great and the price has been extremely high. While the loss of acreage is regrettable, there is still room for congratulation that under the pecu- liarly adverse conditions that have prevailed that the decrease in acre- age is not much greater than ' now appears to be in prospect. Banking and business conditions show little change. The demand up- on all banks is active as a conse- quence of the early opening of spring operations, and business, while slow in construction and similar lines. is fair to good in merehandlaing and staple commodities are moving much as usual. that plant winter wheat. Through - Motor Trucks For Montana Farmers With the high price of horses and the great and Increasing cost of feeding them, the time has come when a farmer IA- losing money if he does not do all his hauling with a truck. Stewart Motor Trucks have been on the market for over five years, and I. all that time the factory has been waiting for the first one le wear out—and they are still waiting. The Stewart is all truck. Stewart. bare at last been offered for sale to Montana farmers. They have been slow cowing because the eastern demand has taxed the capacity of the factory. Stewart: eau he bad In four sires from 3 -4 -ton eapa , ity to 3 -ton. CHASSIS PRICES 3-4 Ton, $850; I Ton, $1395; I 1-2 Ton, $1150; 2 Ton $2295 THE BIGGEST TRUCK VALUE IN AMERICA WRITE FOR THE NAME OF YOUR NEAREST DEALER T. C. POWER MOTOR CAR CO. HELENA, MONTANA SOME VALUABLE TERRITORY OPEN TO DEALERS OF STANDING Meadow Brook Herefords McNAMARA & MARLOW Big Sandy Montana Meadow Brook Herefords Meadow Brook Herefords Herd headed by Cuba's Panama 2nd an outstanding son of A. B. Cook's great herd bull Cuba's Panama No. 372,431, combining through both sire and dam the great blood of Beau Brummel, Lamp- lighter and Don Carlos. Also in service Beau Carlos 10th, by the prize winning bull Beau Carlos 248,915. A bull strong in th. blood of Kansas Lad, and Shadeland. Breellag cows largely the pick of the herd of Charles W. Ar- moor of ansas City, Missouri, a herd, of great size and stamina. A choice lot of yearling bulls ready for service by July 1st out of this herd will be ready for delivery after April 1st, 1918. Also an equally choice lot of yearling hulls, full blood, but not registered, will be ready for delivery the same date Farm siz miles from Big Sandy, where 'these bulls can be seen at any time. UPROOT ORCHARDS TO RAISE WHEAT BITTER ROOT VALLEY FRUIT FARMERS DESTROYING FINE TREES; TO PLANT WHEAT Nation's Need of Grain Prompts the Growers to Take Drastic Action; Thousands of Fertile Acres Will Be Devoted to the Raising of the Most Important of all Foodstuffs. Sweeping away thousands of fruit ees without regard to value, sacri- ficing orchards that represent an in- vestment of thousands and thousands of dollars and years of care and cul- ture, orchardists of the Bitter Root valley are clearing their lands so that they may raise wheat, wheat for the United States and her allies. This patriotic action on the part of the fruit growers of the Bitter Root val- ley has made the nation sit up and take notice; such a sacrifice has hardly been duplicated and the brand of patriotism shown has created a world of comment. The Bitter Root valley has been given considerable publicity as one of the best section% /known for fruit raising. Through ( ' this advertising many settlers were attracted to that portion of the state and orchards be- gan to appear throughout the valley. It was not done in a month or a year, but only after several years of hard work and a tremendous outlay of money had been made. For the most part these orchardists prospered, the climate was ideal, the crops heavy and the products of the valley com- manded the best market prices. True, in some instances unfavorable wea- ther and lack of car resulted in some crop failures, but the ste were not many and in the majority of cases the destruction of the orchards means that the men who are doing it are making a big sacrifice that they may get into the game of raising wheat for Uncle Sam. Trees, good and bad, are coming down and soon thousands of acres of rich fertile land will be available for the raising of wheat. In the vicinity of Stevensville there Ix unusual activity shown, great crews of men being at work clearing away the trees and reducing them to firewood while close behind follows the plow and seeder putting in the crop that will serve as a means to save the nation. Among the larger orchards that are being destroyed are the properties of the Sunset Orchard company, the John R. Drexel ranch and the Ambrose farm, formerly the University ranch. On one farm 200 acres will be put in wheat and every- where the former orchard men are working long hours to get their land in shape for seeding so that they can get in the game and help produce the flour -making necessity. Every enlisted man going to Eu- rope will be presented with either a safety or old style razor, a steel mir- ror and a shaving brush by the gov- ernment. Time ToffendyourWays GUD BISAIStdi \tailladad Itteskiliedt THE 144AN Z-WORbi MACHIN' THE machine you surely need. With meta.. of • homes and • 011ds you can dig your ditches, laterals, terraces and perform averishato of work required for preparing Irrigated . will dig a V-shaped ditch from tole inches up. For road work Oilde Machines have no wTual. They are the most practical, uonomIcally operated and eully handled machines on the market. Thou - •and• of satisfied 11•0111 have proven tketr UM, efficient worth. WADI Ill TWO SIZES: So 1 Wsishs 750th. . I sus. I hors. SO. Il Weight 1500 lbs.,limsa, for 4 heroes Write for catalogue and free trial order blank. QM. Reed Mold. Ca.5)1 Owes Illsusseth. The Leader of all Cushion Shoes HONORBILT CUSHION SHOES For men and 1.10.1100 Ask your dealer for Meyer Shoes. Look for the trade- mark on the sole. F.s• eye. Mot Stem Co , ilentowkso. eflusest• SONOGAILT 0 • .051 /4411••• Uwe Pot* liesenses 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111:111111,mile, alai:11111W 1.11,., .4111 WHERE DID MY PROFITS GO LAST YEAR P I:planted my crops and harveste,d them WHEAT was fair, the oats did well, I had a good crop of hay, sold some hogs and a few yearlings. Thought I was get- ting along nicely until I come to figure it up, then I found that I did not make any money. WHERE DID MY PROFITS GO? IF HE HAD USED HELGESON'S SIMPLE SYSTEM OF FARM COST ACCOUNTING; Ile would have known to a penny where his profits went, and furthermore he would have known Just which crops were profitable and which were raised at a loss. There would have been no guess work about anything connected with the financial end of his farming, nor would he have to be an expert book- keeper to have known these things, for II eigeson's Simple System of Farm Cost Accounting makes it an easy matter for any farmer to obtain the exact figures and three minutes work a day is all that is necessary. Whether those broad acres of yours are yielding you a profit or just making a slave of you from one end of the year to another? It is high time you knew in these days of constantly in- creasing overhead expense and higher prices. WRITE TODAY S2.11d Two Dollars for the Book that shows the farmer how to keep his books C. W. HELOESON CO. LIVINGSTON, MONT. Six Dollars Will Bring theSystem to You Complete Inducting the book of simple instructions. STATE NEWS TOLD IN BRIEF WinnetL—Winnett and Wrinnifred have voted to incorporate. Malta—Farmers in the Freewater district have organized a National Farm Loan association. Billings.—Billings leads all the re- cruiting stations in the northwest in enlistments in the marine corps. Butte.—There will be an increase of 50 per cent in the price of canned fruits and vegetables to be marketed next autumn. Red Stone.—H. F. Weiher, a home- steader, fell from an auto truck while on his way to his farm and received Injuries from which he died. Helena.—The supreme court has sustained the action of the Butte police board in removing Captain J. F. O'Brien from office. Geraldine.—Farmers here com- plain of a shortage in help. Those obtainable demand $60 and $80 and found. Seeding is on in full blast. Great Falls.—William G. Fergus- on, a well known newspaperman, has entered the aviation training camp at Berkeley, California. compkny, of which W. A. Conway is at the head, has been organized for the purpose of develop- ing a large horse market at Billings. Lewistown.—Miss Nan Fahey has been appointed superintendent of schools of Fergus county, succeeding Mrs. Leila M. Parker, resigned. Helena.—F. E. Hoes, for five years auditor of the public service corn -1 mission, has resigned, and T. F. Hef- ting, formerly deputy state treasurer, has been appointed to succeed him. Winnitred.—D. C Stetter, a farmer in the Winnifred section, has been arrested on the charge of making se- ditious remarks. His bond was fixed at $5,000. Plentywood.—Mrs. C. R. Ellery, Mrs. L. G. Zeidler and Mrs. R. G. Sunderhauf, running against male candidates, were elected trustees of the Plentywood school district Missoula.—Alaric Johnson, acting secretary of the T. W. W., has been arrested here on the charge of crimto nal syndicalism. Fifteen other mem:- hers of the I. W. W. have been ar- rested and their headquarters raided. Lewistown.—All hotels and res- taurants have agreed to cut out the wheat flour in food served until after harvest. Sugar is to be served only on request. Valler—Farm lands are increas- ing in value and a big wheat crop is looked for by farmers of this vicin- ity. Unusually favorable weather conditions have given the farmers hopes of an exceptionally fine crop. Butte. — The Anaconda Copper Mining ComPany will erect a four or five story office building in this city In the near future. The building will house all of the offices of this con- cern now scattered about the city. Lewistown. — The Judith basin country is about 30 days ahead of former years in the matter of crop growth. If the weather continues fa- vorable until July the basin will pro- duce the largest crop in its history. Havre.—Ova Brower was convicted of stealing grain from the Monk Daly farm. He is alleged to be the accom- plice of Bennett Wyume, 17 -year -old youth who was recently shot and kill- ed by the custodian of the Daly farm. Fort Peck.—A big movement of settlers are coming into the former Fort Peck Indian Reservation which was opened to entry recently by Pre- sident Wilson upon recommendation of Secretary Lane. 88,685 . cres were thrown open. Helena.—Bishop Richard J. Cooke of the M. E. church of this city, de- clared in a recent speech at Newark, N J., that America should have en- tered the war long ago and that Count von Bernstorff and his aides should have been hanged after the Lusitania was sunk. Butte.—Claude Hudspeath and H. P. Lucas have been arrested charged with violation of the sedition law passed by the last session of the leg- islature. Hudspeath is alleged to have bragged that he was an I. W. W. and to have torn up an American flag and threw it in the face of a soldier when ordered to move on. Horse Owners! Use ClOMBAULT'S Caustic Balsam • ash, ego*, sad Pesttes dos The safest. Beat 1FILINTE5I overused. Takes the place of all liniments for Mild Or severe action Itemo•es all Bunches or Blemishes from Horse• and Cattle. RUPEE/CEDES ALL CAUTERY Ott FIRING. Imposelble to prodwoucar or bisigUA Every bottle sold Is warranted logic, satisfaction Priem •I.50 per bottle. Sold by druggist... or sent by ...press. charges paid, with fen directions for Ito use. Bend for dined stir. circulars. THE AWRICNOZ-WILLIAMS CO., GIevelsod. 0. KEEP UP! The acreage of your crops. Pleat de- pendable seeds. Our seeds are known throughout the Northwest for their dependability and their adaptability for the Northwestern States. Send for catalog THE INLAND SEED COMPANY SPOKANE WM4111 NOTON ••••••••••••• • • 00 - .4 2 4i L ts -IWG.R4U SAPP:106T THE BEST SHOE VALUE MADE FOR MEN AND BOYS olout—Pneirl geed Breen. Mon'• •ise 5 to 10 1111. 25 Floy• else I to 5 1-1 11115 Little Mess else 5 te IS 1-11-1111.ea If your dealer cool *ripply yea Write HENNESSY'S, Butte ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ATTENTION! FARMERS & MECHANICS Molding et ell Maas 54 natIng a. steel, Iran. Imam, alusalamn, ete. All Work CloarskokseaCirilaall\ ad \rani\ ri s to \ na r \.\\l ror F t r Y lcos, or Ship illre,t Butrit WELDING CO. BUTTE, MONT.