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Montana Historical Society aubm Tounig nbrprubrui-lutigrr REACHES MORE SANDERS COUNTY. READERS THAN ANY OTHER PAPER THE SANDERS COUNTY LEDGER, VOL. 14; NO. 14. DESCRIBES LIFE TEACHING FORGE ENGAGED ON WEST FRONT DR. L. A. SALMON OF CLARKS FORK TELLS EXPERIENCES ON BATTLE FRONT. SERVED WITH CANADIAN TROOPS Machine Gun Operator For Nine Months Until Forced to Re- tire Because of Shell Wounds. Dr. A. L. Salmon of Clarks Fork, Idaho, who for nine months served jn a machine gun corps of the Can- adian army and saw active service at the western battle front, described his experiences in a most effective and entertaining manner at the Rex the- atre Wednesday evening. The speak- er came at the invitation of several of the business men to help arouse interest in the Red Cross drive, giv- ing his services free of charge, and was greeted by a crowd that taxed the capacity of the house. He first told of enlisting as a pri- vate, rather than waiting five or six months for a commission in the med- ical service, because he thought the war would be over before he would be called. After the usual period of training, he found himself in the section of the line that blocks the Germans from the channel ports, the Ypres and Amentieres salient which has been the scene of much of the recent fighting. This was back in 1915 and 1916 when the allied de- fense was not as strong as at present and the Canadians were bearing the brunt of some very bitter fighting. He described several incidents which were typical of the method of warfare, being carried on -*boost every day -raids, bombing, sniping, advance outpost duty, patrol work, etc. He finally told of the attack by the Germans at Ypres where his bat- talion of 1000 men was reduced to 50 and he himself was seriously wounded. His description of the ar- tillery preparation which worked such havoc among the defending forces was very vivid and gave the• audience a good idea of what it means to await the attack. At the request of F. L. Austin, who presided at the meeting, he also told of his own experience after tieing wounded. After being struck in the leg and arm by an exploding shell, he lay in No -Man's land for five days and nights without food or water before being found by a patrol party. It was impossible to get him back to the lines until the following night, but he was given food, water, cigarettes and morphine tablets to tide him over until he could be taken to the hospital for treatment. During the course of his talk he described the gas and liquid fire at- tacks of the enemy, as well as the work of the aeroplanes and the tanks. He also touched upon the atrocities of the German soldiers, both to the civilian population and to the wounded soldiers and prison- ers. He had seen the results of many of these acts himself, he stated„ and had received first hand informa- tion of many others from chums who had served with him, and was very emphatic in his belief that no- thing was too vicious or cruel for them to attempt if it could be done without danger of reprisal. In cloling his address he paid a fine tribute to the efforts of the Red Cross and other organizations en- gaged in relief work behind the lines, and urged those who cannot fight.to give them unreserved support. Dr. Salmon feels that he owes a great deal to them for the assistance ren- dered him during his service and the time he was recovering from his wounds and in return is giving his services to them, as far as he is able, by encouraging their support. At the beginning of his talk, the speaker stated that he was no orator and that he would rather face a massed attack of the enemy than face an audience, no matter how friendly, but he promptly showed that he had what a great many orators lack -a message -and the audience showed its interest and appreciation by the close attention given. Physically he is a fine speciman of the Intl- of men that are going over from the new continent to help the old clean out the autocratic govern- ments, and in his visits with the Superintendent and Four Members of This year's Staff Will Return in Fall. The trustees of School District No. 2 have practically completed the task of selecting the teachers who will have charge of the various rooms and schools during the coming year. Superintendent T. A. Bruner, Miss Florence Johnson, Mrs. Southwick and Miss Blanche Hurlburt of the Thompson Falls school and Miss Edith Showc of the Eddy school are the only ones of the present force who will return. In the high school, Miss Gertrude Morton of Spring Valley, N. Y., will teach inathematics and science, tak- ing the place of Miss Goodrich who desired to be nearer her home. Miss Ada .Tohnson of Benson, Minn., will have English and history in the place of Miss Herman, whose health has forced her to give up her work. The fifth and sixth grades will be in charge of Miss Vera Zeh, a Thomp- son Falls young lady, who has been teaching at Rathdrum, Idaho, the past year. Miss Erickson has passed the civil service examination and ex- pects to secure a position in the gov- ernment service. The primary room will be presided over by Miss Elsie Brittin of Plummer, Idaho. ivriss Florence Johnson, in addi- tion to the domestic science depart- ment, will also have charge of the shorthand and typewriting classes. Mr. Bruner will continue to instruct the manual training class. There are still vacancies in the Austin and Deep Creek schools, but the board hopes to have them filled with competent teachers before many weeks. SHORT COURT SESSION Judge McCulloch Getting the Cal- endar Ready for Jury Session. Judge McCulloch held a brief ses- sion of the district court Monday morning in order to get some of the cases on the calendar ready for the jury session which convenes next month. The following matters were taken up: Demurrers to the information in the cases against Ed Horn, Nick Nel- son, NV: H. Taylor and Norris Martin were presented and taken under ad- visement. James Weaver was arraigned on a charge of sedition and June 3rd was set as the date to hear his plea. Upon request of A. S. Ainsworth, counsel for Arthur Soule, the county attorney was instructed to return the files in the cases of Rosie Soule vs. Arthur Smile for divorce and of Arthur Soule vs. Henry Coontz, Henry Corley and Harvey Corley, to the clerk of courts. COMMUNITY SING DREW WELL Larger Crowd Present for Second Meeting -Musical People Well Pleased. The second community sing which was held at the Parish house Mon- day evening drew a considerably larger crowd than the first one and the musically inclined people who at- tended report an enthusiastic and pleasant evening. C. T. Jefferson con- ducted the singing, including a num- ber of the old favorites as well as some of the newer songs in the rep- ertoire. Ruth Frisbie also favored the audience with a delightful piano solo. The next sing will be held a week from Monday evening and will com- mence at 7:30 sharp. EIGHTH GRADE EXAMS Pupils Will Be Given Tests at Para- dise, Plains, Thompson, White - pine, Noxon irtd Heron. Eighth grade examinations will be held Friday, May 31, and Saturday, June 1, under the supervision of the county superintendent, at Paradise, Plains, Thompson Falls, Whitepine, Noxon and Heron. Following is the schedule which will be carried out: Friday morning -Civics and his - Friday afternoon -Grammar and reading. Saturday morning -Arithmetic and spelling Saturday afternoon- Physiology and geography. John Cope of Dixon, was a business visitor in town Wednesday. izens of the town during his short stay made many friends for himself and imparted a great deal of inter- esting information regarding the con- ditions prevailing in the battle zone. THOMPSON FALLS, MONTANA, THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918 YOUNG MEN TO REGISTER JUNE 5 THOSE WHO HAVE REACHED MAJORITY DURING YEAR AFFECTED. , ESTIMATE WILL ADD 75 NAMES Registration Will Take Place at Hot Springs, Plains and Thompson Falls in Charge of Ex- emption Board. LIST OF PREMIUMS FOR ALGER SHOW CASH , PRIZES AMOUNTING TO $125 OFFERED FOR DAIRY ANIMALS. GOOD SHORT COURSE SPEAKERS Subjects Will Include Dairying, Or- ganization and Marketing and Demonstration of Cottage Cheese Making. In compliance with the president's proclamation and the order of the provost marshal, the exemption board for this county is preparing to regis- ter for military service on June 5th all young men who have come 21 years of age since the last registra- tion date. Instead of conducting the registra- tion in practically every community in the county as was done last June, there will be but three places opened and those who come under the law will be required to report at one of them. Sheriff Hartman will have charge of the registration at Hot Springs, John F. McKay at Plains, and Dr. E. D. Peek at Thompson Falls. On the basis of the former registration, when about 10 per cent of the number were 21 years of age, it is estimated that this county will have about 75 names to add to its list. The law as signed by the president on Monday says that \all male per- sons, citizens or aliens, except those in the army, navy, national guard, and enlisted reserve corps, must reg- ister.\ Under its terms students who were preparing for the ministry in recognized theological schools and those who are preparing for the prac, tice of medicine or surgery in rec- ognized medical schools on May 20, 1918, are exempt from the draft, but they are not relieved from register-i ing on June 5th. The matter of ex- emption will be taken up afterward. Estimates of Major General Crow- der indicatet that fully a million young men will be registered and that three-quarters of them will be eligible for military service. It is understood that the new registrants will follow those who are already registered in order of service -that is, all of the new men who are placed in Class IA will be subject to call as soon as the present IA class is ex- hausted, and that if it becomes nec- essary to call any of the deferred classes, those who are at present listed will be called before those from the new registrants are liable. BUILD ADDITION TO GARAGE Allen & Luke Laying Foundation for Shop at the Rear of Building. The work of laying the foundation for an addition to the Ford garage was commenced the first of the week. The new part is at the rear of the present building, extending the en- tire width and back 28 feet. It is to be built of brick with a cement floor and will be used as a repair shop, so that the larger room may be devoted entirely for storage purposes. Before the work could proceed it was necessary for the Forest Service to move its store room * the cast because of the fact that the cave pro- jected onto the lot far enough to in- terfere with the building of the walls. This job was accomplishe'd by Fred Brown and Jas. Adams with little difficulty. $600 FOR RED CROSS Thompson Falls Branch Has Al- ready Doubled Quota -More to Come. With a quota of $200 to raise, the local committee for the Red rots drive started in Monday afternoon to secure subscriptions : and after two hours' work during 'which they vis- ited about half the business houses, $275 had been received. The work has been continued, how- ever, and every person in town is being asked to add to the total. The last report showed $600, and this will be increased somewhat. No r4orts have been received from any of the outside communities , that will turn their subscriptions in to the local branch. The quota for the branch is $300 and it seed's likely that this will be more than trebled. Plans for the Farm Bureau's dairy show and short course which will be held at Alger on June 22, are pro- gressing rapidly and it appears from the way in which the committee is taking hold that the event is bound to be a success. The rules which are to govern the exhibition of stock and the premium list have been adopted, and a prize list for the races also has been arranged. The premium list shows five classes for stock with cash prizes for first, second and. third places. Cash prizes will also be offered in the boys and girls judging contest, as well as for the foot races. In all about $125 will be distributed among the win- ners, and nearly enough money has already been subscribed by the busi- ness men of Thompson Falls and the western part of the county, in addi- tion to the $50 subscription of the Blackfoot Land Co., to provide for the premiums. The extension department of the college has promised to send W. E Tomson, W. L. Beers and Miss Lula Chestnut to take care of the short course program. Mr. Tom - son is a dairy specialist ,.and besides hie talk will probably act as judge .'the stock. Mr. Beers' line is farm organization and marketing, and he will be able to offer some very good suggestions on these subjects. Miss Chestnut is one of the workers being sent out by the government to stim- ulate the making of cottage cheese and she will demonstrate to the la- dies some of the new and palatable dishes which have been originated in the food laboratories. An effort is also being made to secure the attendance of F. W. Kehrli who has charge of bull asso- ciation organization work, and if found practicable, steps for the form- ation of such an association may be taken at thi's time. Mr. Kehrli's headquarters are at Salt Lage City and his territory is so large that it may be impossible to obtain his serv- ices on that date. The premium list and regulations governing exhibitions are as follows: Dairy bulls $10.00 Mature cows 10.00 Young cows 10.00 Heifers 10.00 Heifer calves 5.00 Boys and girls st ock judging contest 3.00 $6.00 $4.00 6.00 4.00 6.00 4.00 6.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 2.00 1.00 Prizes will be awarded to the best dairy cattle regardless of breed. Any- one living between Eddy and the state line may compete for prizes The animals will be judged accord- ing to the best dairy type and prizes awarded to the ones having the best dairy conformation. Cows and heifers do not need to be registered. Grade or mixed cows and heifers may compete for prizes. Bulls are to be pure bred and reg- istered, and owner must have certi- ficate of registration to show the judge. A mature cow is one that has dropped three or more calves A young cow is one that has top- ped her first or second calf. To coinpete in the heifer class, the animal must have been born before March 1, 1918, but shall not be over two years of age. Animals that have freshened -cannot be shown in the heifer class. Heifers born on or after March 1, 1918, may compete in the calf class. Animals to be entered should be on the grounds by 12 o'clock Satur- day, June 22. Owners of animals will find it much more satisfactory if ,they have them halter broken. THE INDEPENDENT -ENTERPRISE, VOL 3; NO. 2. THRIFT AND ECONOMY • - -- Council of National Defense Urges People to Refrain From Un- necessary Waste. Chairman E. J. Thompson of the County Defense Council has handed its the following circular on \Thrift and Economy\ which is being circu- lated by the National Council of De- fense: ,./The Council of National Defense and the advis'ory commission of the Council believe that a Concerted i ef- fort for economy by the people of the nation will not only go fir toward paying America's expense in the war, but will also reduce consumption of raw and manufactured materials es- sential to the conduct of the war. The Council urges all to refrain front_ _mmecessary_expenditur , :s of every kind, and to bear constantly in mind that only one thing is now of real importance, and that is the winnning of the wor. The nation's resources in man -pow- er, money, transportation, food stuffs, raw materials and fuel, have already been subjected to heavy strain, and it is the clear duty of every citizen to guard against increasing this strain by a single wasteful act. It is most creditable for everyone -man and woman, boy and girl -to be economical in dress, food end manner of living. Every evidence of helpful self-denial on the part of all in a time like this is most commend- able. This war is more than a conflict be- tween armies; it is a contest in which every man, woman and child can and should render real assistance. Thrift and economy are not only a patriotic privilege, they are a duty. The circular is signed by the sec- retaries of War, Navy, Interior, Ar- riculture, Labor and Commerce who compose the Council, and by Daniel \Willard Howard E. Coffin, Julius Rosenwald, Bernard M. Baruch, Dr. Hollis Godfrey, Samuel Gompers and Dr. Franklin Martin, who compose the Advisory Commission. Prizes for Foot Races Ist 2nd Free for all, 60 yards........$2.00 $1.00 Married mans' race, 50 yds. 2.00 1.00 Fat mans' race, 50 yds_ 2.00 1.00 Ladies' race, 50 2.00 1.00 CORONER'S JURY ACQUITS Verdict of Justifiable Homicide Re- turned After Investigation of Killing. The coroner' s jury which was called to investigate the death of Nador Buckskin -it the hands of Ba Joao near Niarada last week reliesed the latter oi responsibility for the Sc' on the pounds of justifiable homi- cide. The inquest was held at Ni- arada Tuesday and was con tinted by Coroner McCaffery with the assist- ance of the county attorney. The principal witnesses were Jocko, Mrs. Buckskin and Angus McDon- ald, and the facts trrought were sub- stantially as recorded last week. Al- though Jocko and Mrs. Buckskin were kept separated and had no means of knowing each other's stories, their accounts of the incidents leading up to the killing tallied in practically every respect and their could be no doubt but that they were relating the facts. The authorities are satisfied with the findings and unless something unexpected develops there will be no prosecution. Jocko was released from cust ody. WILL CELEBRATE JULY 4TH Camas Prairie and Permit First to Announce Plans -Proceeds to Red Cross. The people of Camas Prairie and Perma are the first to announce a Fourth of July celebration. At the annual school picnic last Friday it was decided to observe the day in real western style, with a parade, patriotic sneaking, fire Works, horse races, bucking contests, foot races, baloon ascension, and at night a big dance and supper, and to give the entire proceeds to the Red Cross. As an additional means of raising funds, an auction sale of live stock will be held, and already 14 head of cattle, 10 liead of horses, 6 hogs, and an unliniire d number of chickens, turkeys, geese, and many other things have been donated. The plan is to Make this an affair for all the county, and other towns are asked to lay off and to join with the reservation people in making one big celebration. Further particulars will be forthcoming later. Boys' sack race, 50 yds ..... 1 00 .50 Three-legged race, 50 yds. 1.00 .50 Boys nnder 12 race, 50 yds. 1.00 .50 Girls under 12 race, 50 yds. 1.00 50 Young ladies' race, 50 yds. 1.00 50 Boys 12 to 16 race, 50 yds. 1.00 .50 COUNTY DEFENSE SOCIETY FORMED INAUGURATE PLANS FOR AS- SISTING IN PROSECU TION OF WAR. KEEP WATCH FOR DISLOYAL ACTS Will Aid Authorities in Enforcing Laws, Particularly Those Re- garding Sedition -Support War. Activities. Preliminary steps were talc :n Sat- urday evening for the organization - of the Sanders County American De- fense Society. The meeting, which was open to the public, was called rather hastily owing to the presence of Senator Reuben Dwight who is very much interested in the project, but 40 representative citizens of the community were present, and the sentiment. was practically unanimous in favor of proceeding. The meeting was presided over by J. C. Eisenman and after an explan- ation - and discussion of the objects of the organization, a committee of five was appointed to nominate the officers and an executive committee. The result was the selection of J. C. Eisenman as president, C. H. Ritte- nour, vice-president; D. H. Near, secretary; \V. A. Barb, treasurer; and an executive committee com- posed of A. 'S. Ainsworth, chairman; H. A. Abernethy, C. M. Jeffery, Bert Hind, Reuben Dwight, James M. Self and Henry Schwindt, with the president as an ex -officio member. It was decided that applications for membership should be biassed upon by a committee appointed by the executive committee. The pro- ceedings of this committee are to be kept secret as -are the nimes of the ones who compose it. The rec- ords of all who desire to affiliate with the society will be investigated by this committee and if shown to be 100 per cent American, the appli- cation will be accepted; if there is any evidence of pro -German, anti- American, or peace -at -any -price sen- timent the person will not be eli- gible for membership. It is provid- ed, however, that anyone rejected on these grounds shall have the priv- ilege if he desires to take his case before the society and a two-thirds vote will be necessary to overrule the finding of the committee. A meeting of the executive com- mittee was held Monday evening to appoint the membership committee and to make arrangements for com- pleting the organization. A second meeting of the society has been called for next Monday evening, and invitations have been sent to one, or more representative citizens in - iach community in the county. At this time the sub -committees in various parts of the county to work in con- junction with the executive com- mittee will be appointed, constitu- tion and by-laws adopted and other business relative to the work of the society will be considered. The object of the society is to pro- mote every project that tends toward hastening victory for the United States and its allies, the protection of every patriot's liberty, and the sup- pression of all pro -German and se- ditious propaganda, or anything else that tends toward impairing Amer- ican war activities. In attaining these objects it proposes to work in a law- abiding manner with the constituted authorities and to aid in every pos- sible way their efforts toward law en- . forcement. The organizers believe that the menibership will soon include every person in the county who can qual- ify and that the society will be able to play an effective part in assisting the government in the prosecution of the war by preventing any danger of cmharassment from malicious or ill- - advised activities of people at home. CARD OF THANKS To the many friends and neighbors who assisted our family in any way during the sickness and at the time of the death avid „funeral of mit- be- loved wife, toothier, daughter and sis- ter, we wish to express our heartfelt thanks and ,appreciation. We woulitl especially thank those who sent gilts of flowers. Robert L. Allen and Child!** Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Cli;yd Mrs. L J. Cloyd