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SANDERS COUNTY INDEPENDENT -LEDGER DRASTIC RULES AGAINST \FLU\ WHEN OUTBREAK OCCU/113 THE SCHOOLS TO BE CLOSED AND MEETINGS CANCELLED Go Home and Go to Bed and Keep Others Out of the Room, Is Advice of Public Health Service; Attend- ants Should Wear Masks; Banger in Complications. Emergency regulations providing for, among other things, the closing of schools, theaters and places of public amusement and prohibiting of public gatherings upon the out- break of influenza in any Mon- tana community, have been pro- mulgated by Secretary W. F. Cogs- well of the state board bf health. Governor Stewart and Attorney Gen- eral Ford approved of the regulations aad when a quorum of the state board of health is available, the board will approve the new rules, which are as fellows: \I. Spanish influenza is hereby de- clared ti be infectious, contagious and communicable and dangerous to public health. Report All Cases \2. All patients suffering from in- fluenza must be reported to the local or couaty health officer as soon as the Magiesis is main. Local and county health officers shall make a written report to the state health de- partment Saturday night of each week of cases reported to them dur- ing the week. They shall report by wire any unusual outbreak of the disease. \3. When Spanish influenza ap- pears in epidemic form in any com- munity the health officer baying ju- risdictien shall close the schools and prohibit all public gatherings. \4. Patients suffering from Spanish influenza shall be isolated as com- pletely as possible until recovery. They shall be prohibited from any public gathering and from traveling on any common carrier. \5. When treated in hospital wards patients suffering from the disease should be screened from other pa- tients. • \6. All discharges from nose and mouth of patients should be disin- fected at once. \7. On recovery or death, room or rooms in which patient lived while sick must be thoroughly cleaned and clothing and bedding used by patient must be hung in the open air for at least two hours.\ Symptoms of Disease According to a pamphlet issued by the public health service, a person stricken with Spanish influenza feels sick rather suddenly. He feels weak, has pains in the eyes, ears, head or back and may be sore all over. Many patients feel dizzy, some vomit. Most of them complain of feeling chilly and with this comes a fever in which the temperature rises from 100 to 104. The pulse usually remains low. The patient looks sick and his eyes and the inner side of his eyelids may be slightly bloodshot. There may be a discharge from the nose and a cough. The fever ordinarily lasts three to four days and the patient recovers. While the proportion of deaths in the present epidemic had generally been low, in some places deaths have been numerous, usually the result of com- plication. Influenza is spread from person to person, the germs being expelled by coughing or sneezing, forceful talk- ing and the like. They may be car- ried in the form of dust coming from dried mucus, from coughing and sneezing, or from persons who spilt on the floor or sidewalk. A person having a mild attack himself may give a very severe attack to others. What to DO Persons afflicted should go home at once and go to bed. This will help keep dangerous complications away and prevent the disease from being scattered. No one should be allowed in the same room with the patient. \If there is cough or sputum or running et the eyes and nose,\ says the leaflet, \care should be taken that all such discharges are collected on bits of gauze or rag or Paper nap- kins and burned. If patient com- plains of fever and headache, he should he given water to drink, a cold eontpress to the torehea,d, and a light sponge. Only such medicine should be given as is prescribed by the doe - It is foolish to ask the drug- 'ent to prescribe and may be danger- ous to take the so-called, 'safe, sure ,and harmless' remedies advertised by patent medicine manufacturers. \If the patient is so situated that be can be attended only by some one who must also look after others in the family, it is advisable that such at- tendant wear a wrapper, apron or gown over the ordinary house clothes while in the sick room and slip , this off when leaving to look after others. \Nurses and attendants will do well to well In guard against breath- ing in danierous disease germs by wearing a 'simple fold of gauze or mask while near the patient.' Not His Function \I want to know,\ said the grim - faced woman, \how much money my husband drew out of the bank last week.\ \I cannot give you that informa- tion,\ answered the man in the cage \You're the paying teller, aren't you\ \Yes but I'm not the telling pay- er.\—Boston Transcript. HOMERS-40NET! Tha I t Farm Mort/rata Hank In Itae Northaaat We handle Inane on Improvoll farina any% ItPre In Montana- P.I• red Ratko. 1,0A NS I 1,4 /S PitoM PTLY The Banking Corporation Helena, Montana DAVID G. 13GiOW1E, FINANCIER, ARRIVED MONTANA %VAR CONTRI6UTI0N IN MONTANA BEHIND STRONG OF MULES 40,000 RUN AND $75 9 000,000 The mule was the basis of the fortune of David G. Browne, one of the well known financiers of Nor- thern Montana, which probably ac- counts for his democracy. Mr. Browne was born near Belfast, Ire- land, in 1859, and came to the Uni- ted States when he was 17 years of age. His first employment was as an agent of the Wells -Fargo Ex- press company, at Kelton, Utah. This gave him an insight to the profits of overland transportation of freight, and he came into Mon- tana, in 1878, as the conductor of a mule train. In a short time he was operating a mule train of his own, and by 1880, when- he estab- lished himself at Fort Benton he was at the head of one of the big freighting outfits then operating between Utah, the end of the rail- road, and Montana points. The business grew, and with its growth much prosperity came to the young overland freighter. He engaged in other lines of business and became the manager of Wetzell & Company, one of the big upper river firms, and acquired a mono- poly on the ferry business at Fort Benton. At the same time he con- tinued his freighting business. A Government Contractor Government contracts presented possibilities to Mr. Browne's prac- tical mind, and in 1883 he contract- ed to supply the Fort Assinniboine garrison with hay. His handling of this contract brought him others and in 1884 he was given the con- tract for all the government trans- portation in Montana, Wyoming and Nebraska. He conveyed for- age to Forts Assinniboine, Magin- nis, Shaw and Custer. When it is considered that all the forage con- sumed by these forts had to be moved overland by mule team, it was no inconsiderable undertaking. Then he became interested in banking. For a time he was con- nected with the bank of Northern Montana, and when the Stockman's National bank was founded, Mr. Browne was active in its organiza- tion, a member of the directorate. and subsequently became the heav jest stockholder in that institution. Served in Many Capacities During all these busy years fif- teen of them, Mr. Browne found time, notwithstanding his expand- ing business interests, to act as sec- David G. Browne of Fort Benton retary of the Fort Benton board of trade, and did good work in ex- ploiting the resources of northern Montana. For many years he serv- ed his town as an alderman, was county commissioner, was for eight years chairman of the county cen- tral committee and 24 years has been a member of the state demo- cratic central committee, being the ranking member of that body in point of continuous service. He was also an alternate delegate to the national democratic convention when Grbver Cleveland was nomin- ated for the presidency. As a delegate to the constitution- al convention, MY. Brown helped to shape the constitution of Montana. tana. He also served the state as a mem- ber of the World's fair commis- Sioners. President Cleveland ap- pointed him collector of customs for Montana and Idaho, when the port of entry was Fort Benton. He held this important post during the administrations of President Cleve- land and President McKinley. Mr. Browne has for many years been heavily interested in the live- stock business, being manager and one of the principal owners of the Bar Eleven Cattle company. He also hold substantial interests in several large sheep companies, and with all his interests is a factor in the development of northern Mon - EXECUTION OF SEACHRIEST, DESPERADO, LEFT NO REMORSIE IN HEARTS OF THE VIGILANTES One of the final, but not the least dramatic, accomplishments of the Vigilantes in Montana, to whom the inhabitants of this territory in the sunrise years owed their safety, was the capture and execution of Jake Silvie, alias Jacob Seachriest. None of the desperadoes who had preceded him was more worthy of death than this blood -stained mis- creant. In the face of impending death Seachriest confessed to having been a road agent, robber and murderer for 12 years. He was a native of Pennsylvania. It was his boast that his gun bore a notch for every year he had been \in the business.\ 'one of the crimes confessed to by Seachriest before his execution was the killing of a man, the. body of whom was later found by the Vigilantes and, buried in a willow coffin. Seachriest told how he and a fellow criminal, while walking along a road in southwestern Mon- tana, noticed a man sitting near a stream, as if buried in thought. He and his comrade cast lots, he said, to determine ho would kill the man and take whatever of value he had on his person. The task fell to Seachriest. With his pistol cock- ed We stole upon his victim .and shot him through the head, killing him instantly. A stone was fasten- ed to the body and was sunk in a hole formed by an eddy in the stream. After months of the direst depre- dations Seachriest was arrested at Diamond City, and the Vtgirante committee apprized of the capture. Diamond City was a flourishing new mining camp in Confederate Gulch, one of the largest and rich-' est placer diggings in Montana. It is located about 40 miles ,cast of Helena, not far from the Missouri river. Gave Vigilantes Information The charges against Seachriest were those of robbery, and obtain- ing goods under false pretenses. The committee made it known that they had sufficient evidence that Seachriest was a had character to warrant holding him for further in- vestigation. Seachriest pleaded that he was an honest, hard-working miner; that he had come to the country by way of Salt Lake City, and that, under the influence of liquor he had fallen in with a band of robbers at Virginia City. He gave the names of about a dozen members of the gang and told their signs of recog- nition, passwords and signals. On receipt of this intelligence, a captain of the Vigilantes with a squad of four men were detailed to bring the desperado from Diamond City to Helena. A party rode out and met the guard in charge of the prisoner and escorted him back to Helena. Seachriest was placed in a heavily guarded cabin while the committee investigated_ the evi- dence and the record of their pris- oner as far as available. They con- cluded the facts known were hard- ly sufficient to warrant an imme- diate conviction and decided to con- tinue the case until further infor- mation could be got from Sea- chriest's own lips. The prisoner was removed to a cabin more re- mote where various members of the committee could have access to him from tkne to time with a view of eliciting more details of his past. Seachriest stuck with adamantine determinMion to his first story, hut later, thinking thrre was not much to fear from the Vigilantes, denied it, saying tat, eyery word of his statement was false, and that he fell in jth no such band of thugs at Vir nia City. On cross-exam- ination he again returned, to his first confession, but qualified it by saying that he had come to Vir- ginia City along a southern route well known to the Vigilantes. This statement was fatal to Seachriest for the inquisitors linked the piece of information up with the details of the murder related above in this story. The Highwaymah Confesses At a subsequent meeting qf the committee it was decided that the prisoner was a road agent of the deepest dye and should meet the fate of his kind. The verdict was execution by hanging from the Murderer's Tree in Dry Gulch at an hour after midnight. When informed of his sentence Seachriest appeared not to believe it, but regarded it as a ruse by Which to obtain a confession from him. Still, he received a minister, feigned much repentance and ac- cepted the spiritual solace. Seachriest was led by one mem- ber of the committee to the place of execution. The remaining mem- bers were not in sight, but later gathered at the appointed spot from various directions. On realizing that he was \played out\ and must die. Seachriest began his confession. He told of his life of crime covering 12 years and wound up by relating the gruesome particulars of his last murder on Snake river. He consumed several minutes in the confession and finally the pa- tience of the Vigilantes gave out. Seeing that his time had come, Seachriest said: \Boys cut me down before two or three days, won't you?\ The word \take hold\ was given and a few seconds later the body of Seachriest swung between the star -shot Montana sky and the sur- face of the Rockies. The Vigilantes stood in silence until life was thought to be ex- tinct. Then, after the custom of the organization two men were de- tailed to stand facing each other, while between them every man pre- sent passed in single file and whit- .pered the pass -word of the Vigi- lantes. --- - The committee gradually dis- persed, not with long -drawn coun- tenances as if regretting the com- mission of an evil deed, but with smiles and quips of satisfaction at having ridded .Montana of one more ulcer. JEROME LOCKE TO GET CAPTAIN'S COMMISSION Jerome J. Lock, formerly mana- ger' of the Livingston Daily Enter- prise, and before that the younree surveyor general to serve In that ca- pacity in Montanit. Is going to war. Mr. Locke recently passed the ex- aminatioh for a commission in the engineers and has ink been notified that he has been recommended for a captaincy. Montana's contribution to the war has been 40,000 fighting men, according to the estimate of Adjutant General Phil .Greenan, while her financial support exceeds $75,000,000. The exact number of men who have gone into the army and navy is not obtainable. The adjutant general's office has figures only on those who went into the service through the selective conscription law. The draft has taken approximately 35,000. The state military depart- ment has no record of voluntary enlistments in the army or navy, or other branches, and the number of men who went into the service through the federal recruiting offices is estimated at 5,000. It is prob- ably over this figure. A large proport;on of these men are overseas, while the remainder are in training camps, and almost ready to go. While the manner in which Montana men have responded to the nation's need of manpower is magnificent, the state's financial record is one that entitles Montana to all the loan flags that Secretary Mc-, Adoo can design. Every allotment has been oversubscribed. The al- lotments and subscriptions to the four issues of Liberty limns are as follows : Allotment Subscription First Loan $ 6,678,000 $15,165,450 Second Loan — 15,000,000 19,126,350 Third Loan 9,000,000 17,635,000 Fourth Loan 16,000,000 18,300,000 The returns are not all in for the fourth loan, and it is not known what the railreCad employes' subscription total will be, as this subscrip- tion is handled through the railroad management. Montana was the third state in the union to complete its quota for the fourth loan, Iowa being the first and Oregon the second. Every Montana county exceeded its allotment. When it .is considered that in many of the wheat growing counties there was practically no crop this year; and only a partial crop in 1917, this showing is remarkable. During the past 18 months, in addition to purchasing approximate- ly $70,000,000 worth of bonds, the state has' invested about $5,000,000 in war savings stamps and contributions to the Y. M. C. A., Red Cross, Knights of Columbus and other war activities.. The bulk of this amount, approximately $4,000,000 has gone into thrift stamps, and about $1,000,000 represents contributions. Norman Hotter of Helena is the chairman of the Liberty loan com- mittee for the state. He fell heir to the office because of the fact that lie is the federal reserve bank director for this state. The selection was an excellent one, anti Mr. Hotter has experienced noelifficulty in in- teresting about 1,000. of the best men of the state, who have given all of their time during these four bond drives, to war finance. That the organization is an excellent one is shown by Montana's record. TO TRAIN MEN FOR WAR WORK FIFTEEN MILLION MEN MUST LABOR TO KEEP GREAT ARMY IN FIELD Hundreds of Thousands of Skilled Munition 'Workers Must Be Train- ed and at Work Before First of the Year; Under Federal Depart- ment of Labor. Hundreds of thousands of skilled workmen must be trained in the United States before January 1, 1919, if the demand from the factories +- gaged in war work is to be met. The burden of training these men will fall upon the new service division of the federal department of labor, formed since the entry of this coun- try into the war and which will last to the finish. Now Serious The department of labor has es- tablished eight new services to be maintained during the period of the war, and none has more possibilities of assisting in the development of ex- pert hands and brains than the train- ing and dilution service, of which Charles T. Clayton is director. Work- ing with Mr. Clayton as chief of train- ing is H. E. Miles, recently appointed to this work, but since the beginning of the war chairman of the section on Industrial training of the council of national defense. Upon the training and dilution ser- vice will rest the responsibility of get- ting into touch with all the manu- facturers engaged on government con- tracts, and of helping them to so) ve the problem of obtaining enough pkilled hands to produce the immense quantities of munitions of war now needed by the army of the United States. This task demands familiar- ity with all the difficulties of both employers and employes, and Mr. Miles, although an employer and at one time a director of the National Association of Manufacturers, had proved his right to the confidence ckt labor by his stand on great industrial Issues. In recent years he has be- come an authority on many questionn that will become more and more im- portant in their bearing on industry as the war progresses. \It is the duty of our service to start the training of workers wher- ever needed, and to develop such training wherever possible.,\ said Mr. Miles. \Many of our manufacturers have already established training rooms. Our service thinks first of production—of shells, cannon and depth bombs, but with a fundamental belief in the wage-earner's welfare as a basic element. We are to develnp training wherever there is need of more skilled workers, and that is everywhere in the United States.\ Good Submarine Commander• The British government has made public names of commanding officers of 150 German eubmwires which have been disposed of, in order tc substantiate the statement of Prem- let , Lloyd George that \at least 150 of these ocean pests have been -des- troyed.\ The majority of the 160 officers mentioned are dead. Some are prisoners of war and a few are interned in neutral countries. Among officers named is Capt.-Lt. Schweiger, who torpedoed the Lusitanta, and who was later in comwand of the U- 80, which was lost wit% all hands in September, 1917. The statement says the authors of particularly atrocious submarine crimes 'have expiated them speedily after their esnamieston. ONE CAMPAIGN FOR WAR WORK PEOPLE OF NATION ASKED TO RAISE $170,500,000 FOR BACK OF THE LINE SERVICE Fund is to be Common One for Use of Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., K. of C., Jewish league, Salvation Army, War Camp Community Service, Li- brary Association. In order that the people of Mon- tana may be informed regarding the facts of the United War Work Cam- paign which will be conducted dur- ing the week November 11-18, My- ron T. Herrick, chairman of the Ru- ral Division committee of the cam- paign work has requested Charles D. Greenfield, commissioner of agricul- ture and publicity to make known the facts covering the importance of the coming campaign. President Wilson has requested that the campaign be united, the amounts needed being placed In a general fund, and but one campaign made. The seven benefi- cient organizations that have done so much in the war will cooperate. The mark set for the campaign is $170,500,000 which is the largest fund any people have ever been call- ed upon to donate. Nevertheless, it means only one dollar a week for the year, for every soldier and sailor in our fighting forces. Mr. Herrick says, \The coming year will be the most momentous of the war. Never before was there a greater need to maintain the morale of our army and navy, and of the thousands of persons in' munition plants, at the highest pitch by safe- guarding every young woman that has entered war work from the so- cial dangers besetting her away from home, by protecting and stimulating in mind, body and soul every man now serving his country as...is-fighter or a worker in war industries, and by letting all of them know that the country's whole material power and enthusiastic loyalty of the entire peo- ple are back of them.\ \This is the function of these or- ganizations. Their field army com- prises more than fifteen thousand uniformed workers on both sides of the water and General Pershing is asking that additional workers be sent at the rate of a thousand a month. They represent every type of activina m -secretaries, athletic r- ectors, lifirtrians, preachers, lectur- ers, entertainers, motion picture op- erators, etc. Many are bearing all of their expenses; those whn! cannot are paid their actual living expenses.\ \These organizations are helping the home to follow the flag. In other wars the influence of the American home has had to stop at the soldier's own front gate. All that made life comfortabla and happy for him de- serted him there when he kissed hie family goodbye. In this war the home follows the flag up to the front line trenches. That is the work of these seven great organizations co- operating in war work. They have made the camp life as Mean as home life, and the American army and navy morally the soundest and healthiest and happiest fighting force the world has ever known.\ Great Falls Brick & Tile Cs. GREAT EALLR. MONTANA M•ontector•ro /LIGHT. BUTT AND DAME FACE !MICK, Flag BRICK. worLonce TILR. HOLLOW BLOCKS, 11111111 PROOTINO, DWAIN TIME OfTlee: HA lot Notional Ewa Ranalmo •