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STAlE ilISTORICAL SOCIETY HELENA. EOUTANA 59601 Grant-Kohrs Ranch fi ready for public DEER LODGE --It will re- main for generations yet unborn to appreciate the full value of a bit of Montana history which is being retain- ed for all time in the Grant-Kohrs Ranch Historic Site by the National Park Service at the edge of the City of Deer Lodge. The Grant-Kohrs Ranch was officially opened July 16 at a dedication ceremony and while the ranch is open daily for self -guided tours over the grounds, a park ranger conducts the tour through the large ranch house. Work to complete restora- tion of the historic ranch continues daily. Much of the historic value of the ranch lies in its authenticity as one of Mon- tana's first working ranches and as one of the most prominent in the days of the open cattle range and on down to the 1940s. In its day, the ranch home was one of the finest in the West. The ranch was started by Johnny Grant in 1862 when he built a log cabin. Grant was a Canadian fur trapper, Indian trader and cattleman. He made his wealth by wintering cattle at the Deer Lodge ranch and then trading one fat animal in the spring for two poor ones. The poor ones he trailed back to the ranch to feed and fatten. But, by 1886, the Deer Lodge Valley had become too crowded for Grant and he sold the ranch to Conrad Kohrs. Two years later Kohrs took a German-born bride, Augusta Kuse. Resourceful and tough in her own gracious way as anyone in Montana, Augusta established an oasis of culture in a raw and whiskey soaked frontier community. As the Kohrs prospered, they traveled widely and she brought back furnishings for the ranch home from the far corners of the globe. In 1890, the ranch house was completed in its present form with a wing built of bricks made by convicts from the nearby Montana State Prison. When the addition was built, hot and cold running water were piped into the house, a bathroom, complete with bath tub, installed, along with carbide gas lights and central heat from a furnace in the basement. In its heydey, the ranch which now has been reduced to 217 acres, contained 23,000 deeded acres plus another 5,000 leased. Cattle were operated over open range covering a million acres extending into Idaho, Wyom- ing, Utah and Colorado. Kohrs died in 1920, but Mrs. Kohrs continued to spend summers in the ranch house until 1945, when she died. At the turn of the century he had bought a home in Helena as an anniversary present for his wife and in his later years they spent much of their time there. The disastrous winter of 1886-87 did not spare the Kohrs herd. Three -fourths of the stock were killed by the cold and lack of grass. Many cowmen simply gave up when spring showed their losses amounted up to 90 per cent. But, Anthony Davis, a Butte banker, loaned Kohrs $100,000 to rebuild his herd and in three years the rancher had paid off the loan. Following that disastrous winter, ranching changed. More fences were used and cattle were fed in the winter months instead of being turned out to forage for themselves. During the height of the open range days of the Kohrs ranch, a thousand horses were required in the roundup remuda as mounts for the cowboys. A major source of income for the ranch, was offering stud service at a fee from a herd of fine stallions. The ranch was famous riot only for its cow ponies, but also for racing stock and draft horses. A bronco buster worked for months at a time, handling both saddle and work stock. Buyers came to the ranch and often shipped carloads of horses to points all over the United States and Canada. The Kohrs had three children --two daughters and a son, William, who died while attending Cornell University. Following his death, Kohrs and his partner, John Bielen- berg, who was also his (half) brother, began disposing of their holdings. But, Augusta refused to permit the ranch home to be sold. After Kohrs death, the ranch was operated by the Kohrs Co. and in 1932, Conrad Kohrs Warren, grandson of Don and Augusta, purchased the operation from the Kohrs Co. It was due to Warren's efforts that eventaually the ranch home was designated a historic site and taken over by the National Park Service. Work at restoring and repairing the various build- ings has gone on for several years. In addition to the ranch house, the bunk house is complete with furnishings of its early days and the ranch blacksmith shop is in opera- tion for visitors to view. One building houses a display of horse drawn vehi- cles and farm and ranch implements. Other buildings open to the public include the (Please turn to p. PLAIN, BUT STATELY appearance is presented by Ranch. Visitors currently are white shuttered ranch home at the Grant-Kohrs inspect the upstairs section. 6) not permitted to (Ledger photos) Sanders County David Thompson THOM PSON Single Copy 20e Most Widely Circulated Newspaper in Sanders County FALLS, MONTANA 59873 Thursday, October 13, 1977 Firemen's ball is Saturday Thompson Falls firemen will be hosting their 41st annual firemen's ball Satur- day at the Jaycee Center. Dancing will be from 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. with music. the Country Rock Band. Tickets for the ball are $2 available from any fireman or off the truck when it is parked in downtown Thompson Falls. Firemen say ihe funds is the department's sole revenue raising project with all money going to improve equipment carried on the emergency vehicle. Firemen would nat uraliy be delighted to offer more than one ticket to any buyer. Service officer coming Oct. 19 Albert Miron, Service Offi- cer Veterans Affairs Division from Kalispell. will be in Thompson Falls on Wednes- day, October 19, 1977 at the Courthouse at 2:00 p.m. He will be glad to assist any veteran or their dependents in the community who have questions regardireg veterans affairs. The weather Oct. 4 61 28 0 Oct. 5 61 27 0 Oct. 6 55 32 .01 Oct. 7 55 43 .01 Oct. 8 55 39 .01 Oct. 9 55 39 .01 Oct. 10 56 27 0 Noxon Oct. 4 Oct. 5 Oct. 6 Oct. 7 Oct. 8 Oct. 9 Oct. 10 SigtENS&' 25 0 26 0 32 0 33 .18 43 .24 40 .08 24 0 WELCOME TO the Pat Williams brigade when it reached Thompson Falls earlier this week came from former State Sen. Eugene Mahoney, right, and his wife. Williams has an- nounced his intent to run for Con- gress. Williams Brigade tours Falls area HELENA --The Pat Williams for Congress campaign came to the Thompson Falls and Plains area in a big way this weekend. Williams and a score of supporters from Helena. the candidate's home, went door to door in Kalispell, Libby, Troy, Noxon, Thompson Falls and Plains, and throughout northwest Montana. Williams brought his campaign to northwest Montana \to really provide the people of this area with a genuine opportunity to tell me their opinions about government and express to me their concerns about the issues. My goal is to bring this campaign to the doorstep of every family in western Montana. That, of course, includes those who live in the small, rural communities.\ Williams and his traveling companions, dubbed the \Early Bird Brigade\ intend on continuing their personal door to door approach to Congressional campaigning during the next eight months until the primary election in June. Williams and the Early Birds rang doorbells, distributed literature and fielded questions from voters. Some missed seeing Williams personally but still had questions they wanted to aak. The volunteers recorded those questions and Williams will answer them in personal letters to voters. \Too often people don't have an accurate idea of whom or what they are voting for,\ Williams said. \I believe the voters deserve the opportunity to see the candidate face to face, ask the tough questions and offer their views. This kind of campaigning is forthright, honest and tests principle as well as popularity and insight as well as endurance. It tells more about the candidate, but trying to reach every doorstep takes a lot of tulle and that's why we are starting early.\ Willianis VI a former two -term legislator, having been elected to the Montana House in 1966 and re-elected in 1968. That year he also directed the Montana Presidential campaign for Hubert Humphrey. lie was more recently President Carter's campaign Chairman in western Montana. Asarco mine, mill project envisions 300 jobs In a recent issue of The Western News, Publisher Paul Verdon outlined the prospects of the impact of the Asarco project south of Troy. That mini operation could have economic impact in Sanders County as well. About 300 full time jobs will be added to the Lincoln County economy after the middle of next year if Asarco gets the go ahead signal to proceed with development of its copper silver mine on Mt. Vernon, about 17 miles south of Troy. Jack Bingham, project superintendent for Asarco, told Libby Rotary Club members of plans for $70 million development Monday noon at the Venture Inn. Bingham, headquartered at Wallace. Idaho. with the company's Northwestern Mining Depart- ment, was introduced by Jack Ninneman, whose engineering firm is working on the project. Before liingham's talk, Clint Quigglr was installed by Earl Lovick *a a new member of Rotary, and President John Swing announc- ed that beginning Monday the group will meet at the Caboose for six months. Using colored slides to illustrate his talk. Bingham told how the 64,000,000 -ton ore reserve near Spar Lake was located by Bear Creek Mining Company. a subsidiary of Kennecott, after one of its geologists discovered metal traces in streams and followed them back to the source. The ore body was delineated by exploratory drilling commenced in 1964. Asarco entered into a development agreement with Bear Creek in 1973. Commencement of development is now awaiting final approval of project plans by the U. S. Forest Service and the Montana Dept. of State Lands, Bingham said, and these permits are due by next May. Hearings will probably be conducted this fall, Bingham said as he asked community support for the Asarco project. The project will require development of the mine and construction of a mill complex. The underground room -and -pillar mining method with access via edits will he utilized. Physical concentration of ore minerals will be achieved utilizing froth flotation. Plant construction will consist of a crushing plant, mill, shop warehouse, main office, tailing thickener, and storage tanks. Other construction will include seven miles of road, tailing and power lines, fresh well and tailing impoundment area. The ore depotia is 0.74 per cent copper and 1.54 ounce of silver per ton. Of the 64,000,000 -ton deposit, 48,000,000 tons is believed to be minable. Development and construction will take three years, and known reserves will last 16 yearn. Construction and development will employ 300 people for 2 1 / 4 years. After production begins in late 1980, 310 persons will be employed on a seven day -week, 24 hour day schedule ta produce 8,500 tons of crude ore each day. Annual crude ore production will total 3.000,000 tons, and annual concentrate production will be 60,000 tons. Metal production each year will be 20,000 tons of copper and 4,200,000 ounces of silver, which will make the mine the world's second largest producer of silver. Total capital expenditure Is expected to be about $70,000,000. Wages, salaries, supply and equipment purchases each year are estimated at about $14,000,000, and the project will generate Montana taxes of about $2.200,000 per year, about half going to I,incoln County. The project will require about 100,000,000 kilowatts of electricity per year with Northern Lights, Inc., expected to be the supplier. Bingham said the Mt. Vernon project will cause no air pollution because the process is one of physical concentration. No water pollution problem is expected because there will be no point source discharge, and the water will be recycled. Hydrology studies are 000cogm. La'. *OW 1 N , ., 110. , TROY PRIM C LCC AtiON MAP being conducted to predict effect of minor tailing pond seepage, however the water quality is excellent and not acidic. The mine site is west of Bull Lake on the north slope of Mt. Vernon, and the deposit is located at the 4,400 ft. elevation of the 5,580 -ft. high mountain. The ore zone is 7.400 feet beg. 1,800 feet wide and averages 60 feet thick. The mining method to be employed will he room and pillar with rooms and pillars on 60 ft centers. Intention is to mine a 14 ft. top slice, followed by two consecutive 24 ft benches. All mining operations will be conducted underground, and surface disturb ance will be minimal. Bingham said. The mill will be located at the 3,700 -ft. elevation on the north slope of Mt.. Vernon. An area about 2,400 feet long and 600 feet wide will be disturbed and later reclaimed for construction of the mill and related buildings. The tailing thickener located below the mill will require clearing an area about 600 feet by 300 feet. The concentrating process will involve the reduction of minue-7-inch ore delivered from the mine to a crushing plant, where it will be reduced to minus -three quarters inch materi- al, then transported via conveyor to the grinding section of thc plant where ball mills will further reduce the size of the ore to a consistency of fine granular sugar, and the material will proceed from there in slurry form. Up to that point. wet type dust collectors will he utilized to eliminate dust. Froth flotation is the final step in the separation process, when small amounts of reagents are added to the ore slurry, which cause the ore minerals to separate from the waste. Ore concentrate will he produced at the rate of 60,000 tons per year which will be hauled by truck to Troy for rail shipment to a smelter. The waste material, tailing, will be produced at the rate of 2,930,000 tons per year, and this material will be transported in a slurry pipeline to a tailing pond for deposition and water recovery. A 30 ft. wide paved road will be constructed from Highway 202 to the plant site. A 50 ft wide right of -way will be clear d for the road, a power transmission line, tailing pipeline and water pipeline. The slurried tailing will be transported in a 16 inch pipeline paralleling the access road some 6 1 / 4 miles from the plant to the pond. The line will be equipped with automatic sensors which will minimize tailing spills in the event of line failure. Dual lines tone pipe inside another) will be designed to convey tailing over streams to prevent discharge into a water course in the event of a line break Assuming a dam height of 100 feet at the tailing pond, the surface area covered by tailing would amount to about 400 acres. The topsoil of the acreage to be covered will be removed and stockpiled west of the dam in the form of a dike. This topsoil will later be placed on top of the dam at the end of mining and revegetated. The initial impoundment area will be bounded by a three sided dike with the terrain forming the fourth side. The dike will be constructed of compacted fill from within the perimeter of the dam. whose height will be raised as filling progresses with the coarse fraction of the tailing. The exterior slopes of the dam will be capped with top soil from within the perimeter of the dam and revegetated as the dam rises. Water will be decanted from the pond and returned to the plant site for reuse so the tailing pond will have no point source discharge. In 1973, Asarco commissioned Stearns - Rogers, Inc. to prepare a baseline environmental study of the Mt. Vernon area, covering about 30 square miles, including Bull Lake, the watersheds of Stanley Creek and Lower Roes Creek, Mount Vernon and the upper portion of the Lake Creek watershed.