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THE FLATHEAD COURIER elected him after days of ballotin, he personality and told the boys to go to it, And how they did go. By MICHAEL KENNEDY meadow, bodily lifted and transplanted Interior where they will be nurtured Senators were not elected by popular There are no \Keep Off the into this fairyland. until spring. About May of every year More than 1.000 good sized waive, the lilies will be replaced in the water vote then as now, but were chosen by Grass\ signs in Kalispell's beauti- the legislature. The Montana assembly ful new Woodland park. From the, trees have been brought in from their ! to provide a fusion of color in Wood- , that winter was meeting in the old . day of its inception, early in 1936. • natural habitats and transplanted in lands many limpid pools during the Helena auditorium. The present state -when, snow lay deep on what was : Woodland park. These prime speciinens 1 summer months. house had not yet been constructed then a bleak 40 -acre tract of frozen ' of spruce, fir, tamarack, cedar juniper. Large ugly surfaces of yellow clay, at that time, swampland at the edge of the city, white and black birch. mountain maple,' dumped for years from excavations The election occurred during the a group of civic -minded citizens, quaken aspen and other native varieties for city buildings, they tell me, former- ly scarred the hillside between park and town. I found this slope securely riprapped with a series of attractive white quarried-rock walls, and the in- tervals between them covered with flowering shrubs. A cut -and -1111 oiled highway has been built down the west side. Its smooth surf ace provides a coasting place in Buettner and a sleigh slide in winter. From the foot of this road, pleasant curving driveways lead off through the park. Water fingers from the main la - Boston Se Montana band, predecessor . kind in the United States. Woodland's lilies are another unique goon, branching out through the area, of the present Anaconda Copper Mines : For coupled with its extreme natural ' feature. Representing most of the colors i are spanned with rustic bridges where band, and the most noted musical ag- • beauty. the boundaries of this large of the rainbow, and a size that is sur-; the .driveways cross them. Another gregation in the northwest at the time. park enclose: orie of the finest con- prisingly large, these rare specimens, ' road . leads north, joining the main highway to Glacier park. It took time to get the bancimen to- , crete swimming pools in the state; a I am adivsed, must be cared for like a gether In Butte and to arrange for , picturesque rambling white clubhouse baby. This fall and every fall here- There is a bandstand now, too, on proof that no time was lost is Indi- I with green gabled roof; a dozen acres after, the park's caretakers will take. a small island in the main lagoon, lay! reached by a footpath and a rustic their transportation to Helena, but of fresh water boating lagoons; a for- up hundreds of plants from the cated by the fact that it arrived in ' bridge. A feature of the picnic grounds Helena by special train at 10:30 o'clock ! dollars worth of perennial plants; an and then bring them inside to a cozymal garden containing half a thousand ponds, place each in an individual poi! Is the large open fireplace surrounded that night. , by split -log seats which provides for It played all over town, up and down . even larger native rock garden; unusual ' • I barbecue parties and other outdoor en - main street, on street corners, in front brilliant -hued lily ponds; a completely of the hotels and saloons. , equipped children's playground; spa - WORK OF BUTTE ' tertainments. Two charming spots. ( Early this year the city Then Charley Clark organized a I cious open lawns for pageants and . public gatherings; uniqueisland bandstand; a winter sports area which : - contains a permanent hockey rink. ski., MAN RECOGNIZED sleigh and toboggan slides and large afternoon. Early that evening Charley Clark, Senator Clark's oldest son, rounded up a bunch of Clark's hench- men and sent them through the city arranging with all the saloons to serve drinks free - to all corners during the night. The bars at the Grandon. Hel- ena and Grand Central hotels were practically purchased outright. Cham- pagne, cigars, beer, whisky, everything, was as free as air. Band Furnished Music Clark telegraphed to Butte for the had been no provision made for serving! mainder of the ground was covered with IS SCARCE was shortly after the admission of the territory to statehood in 1889. The I first session of the legislature after the state was admitted to the union, ' elected two United States senators. Clark was a candidate for one of the posts. The legislature was split on -the I proposition. One faction elected Clark ' and Major Martin Maginniss senators, one for the long and one for the short I term. The other factiOn elected Col. ' W. F. Sanders, brilliant early -day Mon- tana lawyer who won fame as the prosecutor for the Vigilantes when t hat group cleaned Virginia City and other Montana mining camps of the bands of organized outlaws which in- fested them, and the late T. C. Power, nne of the territory's most prominent merchants, bankers and stockmen. Election Contested Clark and Maginniss contested the election of the other two before the senate committee on privileges and elections at Washington, and boat. On March 24. 1890, Sanders and Power were seated as Montana's first United States senators. Clark again sought the senatorial toga in 1893. but was unsuccessful be- cause of the opposition of Marcus Daly. at that time head of the Ana- conda Copper Mining company. In 1894 came the capital fight. Clark espoused the cause of Helena. Daly advocated Anaconda as the seat of the state government. The matter was de- cided by a vote of the people. It was a bitter and merciless campaign. Money was spent freely and botti Clark and Daly had plenty of it to spend. Clark won the fight. Helena was victorious. Present-day Montanans who are f a - Millar only with the latter day de- velopment of the state, may 'visualize how tar it has come since 1894 by the fact that Helena was chosen by 27.024 votes as against 25,118 for Anaconda, and there were mighty few voters in the state who failed to cast their ballots votes! There are upo it n total t question. st 5 1 2 on. m counties with that many votes in them today, and this was a statewide ballot K a h me the last final effort something had I lili oodland Park One ok Most Unique grasp upon occasion but each tune until - 9s w happened to whisk the honor from I WM- So when the legislature finally I and Attractive Civic ImproveineAs in Country loosened both his purse strings and his Wildest Night Helena Ever Saw Followed W. A. Clark's Election to the Unitec. States Senate The wildest night that the tity of Helena had ever seen before or since, was that of Jan. 17, 1901, following the election of William A. Clark. Butte mining magnate and banker, to the United States senate. Liquor flowed. Bands played. The town was wide open and every- thing was free. W. A. Clark paid the bills. Right willingly did he strip the greenbacks from his roll of millions, for it had been eleven yeark from the time he first as- pired to represent Montana in the United States senate until he finally achieved his goal. In the meantime lie had gone through bitter campaigns; spent money like water. Victory had seemed within his parade in which the populace, as many of whom were intoxicated by excite- ment as by liquor, joined wholehearted- ly. The procession formed at the old Helena hotel and headed down the hill toward Main street. Far out in front of it went eight costumed min- strel cake -walkers, stepping high, wide and handsome to the cheers of the multitude. Then came the band. It was followed by an open hack in which rode Senator Clark, former Governor Sam T. Hauser, LieUtenent Governor Frank Higgins and Walter Co6ber. As the parade stepped down the street to the lively =isle of the band, the horns and drums were at times drowned out by the roar of bombs, fireworks and firecrackers which were popping on every side. Hundreds from the crowded sidewalks cheered other hundreds in the line of march. From the open carriage Clark bowed and smiled, waved his hat, his hands. Down Main street to Sixth the throng went. and then up the hill to the Grandon hotel, There the newly elected senator made a speech. From there the parade turned back down the hill and went to the Lambs club on Main street. From there, Charley Clark, thinking to get his father and his friends into the privacy of the Montana club, then as now the most exclusive men's social orrn WPA officials and others meeting in the city hall in answer to Mayor J. P. Bruekhauser's call for \some sort of worth while park out there.\ decided that, once and for all. Today, the absence of restrictive signs is but one of a hundred interest- ing features in the $150.000 WPA-built scenic and recreational area which has prompted scores of letters from tour- ists, landscape experts and others who proclaim it one of the most unique and attractive civic improvements of its site and public campground; myriads ! skating , . of wide, winding - cinder footpaths and by-paths; a large public parking lot: plus all the other features found in most parks. This miracle did not just happen. At the beginning, and for some time thereafter, I am told, a lot of people said Woodland park was a far-fetched work relief scheme which would finally end up with the city's swamp a worse mess than ever before, and a lot Of money wasted. But spirited Mayor Bruck.hauser represented the thoughts of most of the people when he said, tUne after time, during the first few months of the project: \Nothing that is worth while comes without effort. This project is absolutely sound from an engineering standpoint. From the standpoint of bettering our city and our people's health and hap- piness it's worth a thousand leaf - raking projects. WPA offers us a rare opportunity to place a large number of our unemployed at work on this gainful task. Kalispell needs a real park. and by Jove. if co-operation with the WPA will get that for us, we're cost little more than the wages of the workers who dug and transported them to the park. Along with the trees, Landscape En- gineer ICrogman supervised the trans- planting of some 1,500 deciduous na- tive shrubs, also taken from their native habitats. Along with elderberry, choke- cherry, thornapple and others, an in- genious use of red dogwood, placed so as to contrast with the evergreens, will make Woodland park as attractive in Its winter garb as ills in the summer. \SCIENCE\ PUBLISHES REPORTS ON INVESTIGATIONS BY H. M. SAYRE A recent issue of \Science a technical magazine, contains re- ports on investigations being con- ducted by H. Melville Sayre, asso- ciate professor of English and instructor in anthropology, and A. ; 31. Gaudin, research professor of mineral dressing of the Montana State School of Mines. : Comment on the report given by Professor Gaudin at a recent joint meeting of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Amer- . scan Institute of Mining and Metallur- gical Engineers, attaches particular im- portance to Gaudin's explanation of the discovery that minerals of differ- ent chemical composition, but which look alike and are difficult to tell= can be distinguished under the , scope by means of colored films, the method being known as \selectlee irridescent filming.\ tion in the northwestern states ' headed going to have the finest park in tbe ! This method of identification of mm - the hack in that direction and told the northwest!\ ! eraLs is especially valuable because of to that effect. The specific directions That determination of the mayoral the fact that similar appearing min- hack driver to \step on it\ or words in those days were \give 'em the never wavered, despite many obstacles. difficult ic° to tell erals may be v w e idely n apart n m _-_. leather.\ for it was before gasoline and But the amazing thing is the co-oper- apart except by means of costly testa tion and have the evil smell of automobile exhausts , ation the mayor will tell you he got Ls. The new method Is The band was left playing in front ' job' \They took a personal interest of f as l fl on the fact that differences in were general. from the WPA workers assigned to the of the Lambs club. But the strategy in the park that made their work far the color of the irridescent films on didn't work. The crowd deserted the more than just another relief lob minerals are caused by differences in band and ! followed Senator Clark's I These men were bricks.\ he says. —• the thickness of the film. Minerals which otherwise have similar proper - hack. When the senator and his friends No sooner had work started than it ties pick up differing amounts of film arrived at the Montana club, before became apparent that nothing could when placed in the same solution. The they could alight and get inside the be accomplished until the swamp was different colors, and therefore the dif- snob was u with them, swept aside the entirely drained. City and WPA en- ferent minerals, can be told at a glance. duo attendants and swarmed into the gineers worked a month figuring out Prof. Melville Sayre is president of exclusive club rooms. There were men , a solution to that problem. Then WPA the Montana Society of Natural His - had never been there before and who job. The 75 WPA workers started a \*\' * His - In the Montana club that night who ' assigned its first major crew to this .. Sayre directed excavation near Billings of cave floors, containing no have never been there since; who had series of surprises by completing a two- , less than three layers of Indian re - never in their wildest dreams antici-; mile drainage canal running from the mains. Since Montana has been little pitted resting weary bones upon the I sloughs on the park site to the banks! explored archaeologically, additional soft cushions of the richly furnished of the Stillwater river below town, ail , Importance is attached to the finds. lounge or feel their feet sink into carpet within a month. This ditch, which , which rival Indian cave tenants of that felt as though it had springs be- I measures from five to 25 feet oric days. The excavation work, neath it. But that was the one place promptly banished several hun d a gii re n t this summer, will be continued In Helena where arrangements had l not I acre-feet of stagnant water from the I and a report made available at the I been made to serve an unlimited num-I park site. her of guests and the thirsty and ex- But in so doing it brought forth an - 1 completion a \rt. and wander back towards the moister , been there remained a mass of deep FARMER INVITES cited mob finally began to disintegrate I other obstacle. Wherever the water had spots and the music of the band. Members of the Montana club's house looked about them at the wreck- age—and swore. , and cleaning down to the i GAME HUNTERS Three Days to Recover Helena didn't recover from that cele- I gravel thoee sloughs which had been , bration for three days. The morning I designated to be lagoons, and scooping ' after was a bad one. While the liquor 1 the debris into unwanted depressions. ! TELLS NIMRODS TO SHOOT HIS had been and still was plentiful, there i The lagoons thus created were lined! FOWLS IF OTHER GAME with sparkling white sand, and the re- I free Bromo ltzer. top soil and leveled off. hauled away from the downtown bars' Then WPA's plumbers got their as - and hotels by the drayload. Senator; signment. Under an intricate engineer - Clark's bill for the night's festivities! ing plan they laid the pipe line which I • s , u_e n d ters his to ru a a n m nual free, in e vitation d u to molested over his 160 acres asy a durin n i never was known exactly, but it was' now carries 2000,000 gallons a day of nu estimated by men who knew what they cold, pure water from the Stillwater the season. if they don't bag were doing to have been between $15,000 river into the lagoons, to the swimming enough rabbits, Mott said, they can and $20,000. One downtown saloon alone : pool, and to the network of under-. ! fire away at his chickens. And if put in a bill for $3,000 and had empty i ground pipes which provide gravity ir- , they get hungry—well, Mrs. Mott bottles to show for it. ; rigation for the entire park. It is now! will be on hand with a heaping Champagne that night trickled down i proposed to generate electricity from ' table of roast pork sandwiches and throats that never before felt thel the flow in this pipeline, to light the I touch of the cooling fluid, and tickled ! park's roadways, swimming pool and a bucket of coffee. I This is the advertisement Mott uses palates which had theretofore thought buildings. each year in the Shelby paper: the burn of 40 -rod whisky the height! After six months of preliminary work , Many of the visitors and members 1 project engineers were at the point I \Invitation to hunters! Huntipg is of exclusive indulgence. 'of the legislature from the hills and With l an d sca pin g where large scale activity could begin, 1 allowed on my farm southeast of construction of the Shelby. There are plenty of rabbits and pheasants and no danger of hog choldra. natural black mire and decayed vegetation. With a plan carefully worked out the crews attacked this muck, enlarg t I r / Empty champagne tattles were ranges o montane, guided only by their whisky drinking experiences, got; the idea after a first few glasses , that this harmless beverage, cham- pagne, could be quaffed like so much ; water. And so they quaffed it. morning until long in the afternoon, In the hotels the next day, from early! there was a ceaseless procession of bellboys carrying Ice water Bromo Seltzer and gin fizzes to 1 : epentant sinners. A story was told of one good I ,brother from the northern part of the state, a member of the legislature,; who at home was a power in the church and an outspoken opponent of the demon rum. He was told by some of his companions that the champagne which was being served to them was sweet cider. He tasted the pretty tinted liquor, and believed it. Cider! Well, he wasn't opposed to that. His code permitted cider. He re- turned to his hotel in the early morn- ing hours, a rip roaring, howling, ribald singing reprobate. Senator Clark undoubtedly figured that the celebration was worth all It cost him, for, as stated, it culminated eleven years of political effort which to that time had been unavailing. Clark's first appearance as a candi- date In the Montana political field swimming pool and clubhouse, and the innumerable other jobs rill ready to go, the project was capable of em- ploying every needy worker in the city and the adjoining vicinity. From the middle of 1936 to this fall, as many as 400 WPA workers have been on the job at one time. These men were under the supervision o f Herman Krog WPA's state landscape engineer, an Ward Buckingham, city engineer, who drew all the original plans and con- ceived the idea of financing the city costs on the park. Much of the apparent informality and natural charm which the area possess- es is due to Landscaper Kr an's studied plan of blending three distinct types of landscape so as to form a har- monious composite, and Buckingham's diligent supervision. Accordingly, al- though I searched in vain to find the boundary where one type left off and another began, one-third of Woodland park is composed of water scenery— the lagoons and lily ponds; the formal garden, kept lawns, and formally - placed trees, flower beds and shrub- bery constitute another third; and the remainder represents the planned na- tural area, Which conceivably, might well be any Montana mountain \If you don't get the limit of rabbits, shoot a couple of my chickens to make up the number you lack. If you get hungry while hunting on my farm. come up to the house for a handout.\ Joe Mott at 73 weighs 200 pounds, and he hasn't yet seen the day he wouldn't rather be tramping through the woods with a gun on his shoulder than doing anything else. Mott used to be a steel worker in Shelby. He loved to hunt, but \I bumped into so dang many of those 'No Hunt- ing' signs, that I 'lowed if I ever had a farm of my own, all hunters would be welcome.\ STATE APPEALS CASE The state has given notice of appeal In the case wherein the Montana Life Insurance com- pany obtained Judgment against the state treasurer for t2.084 alleged to have been il- legally collected by the state board of equal- ization as a corporation tax. The company sued to recover In the district court and was awarded Judgment on the ground that the state could not collect a tax on busmr, from outside the state which furnished the taxes In question. voluntarily added to its generous contributions of materials and equipment, more than $300 worth of perennial plants, which have made the 100 feet circular formal garden in the park's center a place of Although visitors have been much impressed with the scenery as well as the completeness of Woodland Park, those in charge say that the area will not reach its maximum charm for an- other two or three years. ' But the prideful citizens of Flathead county's major city and the countless tourists and others who have had the privilege of seeing this man-made fairyland might tell you differently. Most of them say tersely, \I don't see how it can improve, it's perfect now . . .\ And I agree. upon a question in which there was keen interest and following a campaign which stirred every nook and cranny I of the state. Clark was again a candidate for United States senator at the legislative session of 1899, and was elected. But there were bitter charges of fraud made in connection with this election, and after a long hearing before the senate committee on privileges and elections, that body drew up a report for submission to the senate, however, Clark obtained the floor and, after denying the charges of fraud and col- lusion which had been made against him, announced that he had resigned and that his resignation was at that time in the hands of the governor of Montana. That was on May 11, 1900 The senator's action, of course, headed off action by the senate upon the com- mittee regort. The governor of Montana was Robert B. Smith. He at that particular time was absent from the state and Lieuten- ant Governor A. E. Spriggs was acting governor. On May 12, 1900. Spriggs ap- pointed Senator Clark to succeed him- self as senator. Smith, upon his return to the state, declared Spriggs appoint- ment of Clark invalid, and named Maj. Martin Maginniss to the post. Major Maginniss went to Washington with his credentials, but the senate refused to seat him. Clark presented his new credentials, and they were given no FREE! more consideration than those of Maginniss had received. As • result the seat in the senate remained vacant for a year. In the campaign in the fall of 1900. Clark again took an active part with the senate again his goal: Enough of his friends were elected to the legis- lature to give him a toehold in the assembly and he was eventually elected over Thomas H. Carter, republican, by a vote of 56 to 30. The celebration followed. 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