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- at Our relt so- ity t we dard ich eh as ted, un- will nill- and and 9 • I 5,5 \5; 0111\'\ Pl”4 1a tiled . *. E. )wn- -hich here - this ls71. the atual, tring Pub- erri- at 10 n or ter. A - full etur- er. uses 11 fat: - of alior- ;‘.1dle ie mg to (1 de- t o er r --.at • _ • Piet!. 1-2c toe.' re la o tier Light 1-11 1 e10 0 * ck ()t I out - rut ul toss - THE M ADISON IAN. SATURD AY, JAN. 11. 18'14. - - - THE MADISONI AN is devoted to the advocacy 1) f the principles of the Democratic Par1Y and tu general anti local news. OFFICE, TWo door.4 We -4 front irc:1-;. Far- Aro - - TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. One Year 'in ad-el:tee) Xre Sre lelonths There Months 66 - --41 . N1.16 - 110 - ADVERTISING RATES. TI/E as :In advertising r.ncti , equal io any paper in liontana. _ I Inch 1 fiche; 3 Inches 4 Inehe. e inches eireie se !eche- _ Is 7. I 7 ..:. .1 . •M ...= 1 .7' :.4 ? ;.' .-.- ...1 ;•., ..- ...... :••• :... .... ..... i 1'1 1 . , .4 1 ::. \ - L\:\ - f Ell 7. - '7* S5 .$7r I*2 :; 9 V.! \Z. - • I I II:* I !; r, r\ I's '2! :H i'.\) 90 fp ,,1 7.• The above scale of pri.•es is for onlinarv sin- zle-cohrinn. display a, Ivertising. solia and lalo:iar ad: ertisements w ill be charge,1 at the 10 . 11 rate for space oceup left. LOCAL NOTICES Fifteen cents per line for first, and tea cents per iine for each additional insertion. CARDS, One-half inch. S2 for one insertion ; Sft for two insertioos, *it+ per ,poester; ear. fr'\ The foregoing schedule of prices will be strictly adhered to. All advertisements counted in Nonpareil measure. aolE3 I If every description, executed in the best and ne:itest style, and on reasonable terms. • NEWSPAPER DECISIONS. 1. Any one who takes a paper regularly from , he Postoilicv—whether directed to his name or tinother's, whethei he has subscribed or not re sponsible for the payment. If a persola orders his paper discontinued. bre ritust all arrezirags- , , or the publisher May contilltle to send it until payment is made, and collect the whole amount, whether the pa- per is taken front the °thee or 1111t. 3. The eourts have decided that refusing to take the newspapers or periodieals from the l'o.tollice, or removing . and leaving them tin- e:Mel for, Ls prima facia e vidence of intention - 711 fraud. GREAT RAILROAD PROJECT. A projeet is on hand to induce Con- viTess to grant a charter for an air line railroad trom New York to Omaha. As The project is backed up by some of the leading railroad men and prominent cap- italists of the eonntry, it more than probable that the charter asked fOr will be obtained, and the road speedily built. 'The route proposed starts from Jersey City and runs due west across New Jer- sey. alld paeees through Penneylvania, without deviating teem a straight line paeeing tlironeh Milton anti Neweaetle, and enterher Ohio neer Youniestown, and paeses through Akron mei other places. In its route throng - 11 Indiana it touches Fort Wayne. It passes across Millais. and crosses the Mississippi at Museatine, where it intercepts the Chi - .ca. -0 and Rork 141.end, ant! Pacific, and the 1.111Hillgt011 .111111 Missouri roads walk- a bee line to i.nualia. It is desi! , ned as a ereat r; ette freau the Etelet to the West. and will not deviate from its .eouree to accomnee late any town or city. 'The projectors will aek aid from Con- gress, in the shape ter guarentee bonds. bearing timr or five per cent intereet. TU CONTESTED CASE IN TH:41 CIL. The vote in tiw Conned. yesterday, in committee of the lade, rejecting the ma- jority report in the case of Barnes' eontest for Beattie's seat is regarded as settling the matter. Ti:e vete may eliange sone- what, but the vote indicates that Beattie 'win retain the seat. Dr. Yager made an exhaustive speech. presenting the claims of Mr. Barnes in a forcible way, m which the Dr. aequitted himself creditably. M ADISON COUNTY DEBT AND GOVERN- OR POTTS. Governor Potts is not a well posted man. In his late message he shows his ienoranee of matters of notorious publicity in mere ways than one, but imagines his stupidity wet pass for an intelligent and comprehen- sive review of the public affairs of our Ter- ritory. In this the Governor will be mista- ken, tor an observing people wilt give little credence to statements of so blundering a character as sonic of his CarefUlly-prepar- Cd mistakes prove to be. Instead of the iovernor presenting a paper of a reliable and trustworthy nature, it is one jammed tall of errors. We are charitable enough to apply as mill a name to his misstatements as possible—but stronger words might be appropriately applied. The Governor presents the indebtedness or the different Counties, enti asserts that Deer Lodge anti Beaverhead are the only two counties in which a reduction of the acid has taken place. We quote from his messaee—\With these exceptions all of the other eounties have increased their indebt- edness.\ This is a pointed statement. but direetly at variance with the filets. and tee 4:0vernor should not have made it without consulting those better qualined to state matters in a more careful manner. The facts in the case prove this to be the truth of the tinancial exhibit of 31ailison 4 'minty: The decrease in the indebtedness of Madison County, tor the fiscal year end- ing March 1, 1871, will approximate ese.000. The County Treasurer, Dr. Deems, has ad- vertised, during the past year, for the re- demption of •e5,200 or Madison County Bonds. These are the facts and why the Governor eee le h ave p aes e e them over is not easily aceountee bir—unless his laborious official duties weiehed so heat ily upon him as to make him oblivious of the existence of Mad- ison C.ounty. Assuredly time Governor has re e eted within the county in the past year, end his failing to become better posted can b e attributed either to a lack ef leisure to enable him to gather together the current statistics of our county er that lw did not know how to do it. We are inclined to think the Governor's ei I twat ii is at the bottom of his blundering. Ile is. probably. doing his level best under tee !fleece! knowledge he has of our Terri- torial affairs, and expects at the hands of a hospitable and thrifty people a generous forbearanee for his exhibition of crooked awl tangled assertions. Possibly our peo- ple will eoncede a complete forgiveness to the Governor Nvtlell they are made t7ogni. zant of the many difficulties he encounter- ed while attending the township school of Po-suai Hollow, in Stark county, 0. Ile value to Montana with but ail indifferent knowledee of his native county. and it is oereaeonable to oxpect that he will ever be • 1•••••0116111111121Dassaalamanall•I TH E MADISONIANT, Published every Morning—except hEonday— VOL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1874. NO. 10. able to grasp the interests of a big Territory like Montana in detail. The Governor will improve in time. and our people may yet have occasion to praise and applaud the actions of the Possum Hollow stateemau. Let us all unite in a prayer that the Gov- ernor will yet learn us, whom an adverse t e has planted in au \uncongenial clime.\ THE ALIEN LAW DEINDED TO BE UN- CONSTITUTIONAL. The Supreme Court. with a full bench, has decided the Alien Law to be unconsti- tutional and void. Tins will settle all con- troversy, and puts a stop to all legislation of the present Legislature, having for its object the confiscation to the use of the Territory of the placer mines of aliens. It is not prob- able that the question win carried to a high- er court. The Supreme Court of the Uni- ted States only would have appellate juris- diction in the matter, and it is barely pos- ,eble that it win ever called on to pa...s hi review the decision of our Territorial Supreme Court. The main object of the law was to preventehinamen from obtaining an ownership in the placers of Montana. This was the prime object of its projeetors. It Ayes directly in antagonism to the Bur- lingame treaty, anti either that treaty or the Alien Law of Montana would have to be invalidated. We will print the points of the decision more fully when obtainable. Correspondence. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. Editor Madisonian: In my last I said that there were many evils our country. but I shall now ex amine but the one whose sable outlines are visible in the very document now un ler consideration. Archbishop Whately says, \the divines of our day might learn nmeh from the ethics of Aristotle.\ He might have said as much of his policies, for tLat is the great storehouse front which policians since have drawn im- mense supplies. Although he is de nomurd by many as \the okl heathen,\ and sueh men as J. J. Rousseau, and Thomas Jefferson are applauded to the skies, he came nearer speaking as Jesus afterwards spake of palitical subjects than eitlier of them. Thomas Jeflerson says, -Jesus. says so and so, but I di&r from Jesus.\ Jesus, when he came into the world, did not set about tearing down the politieal institutions of the land, but gave commanthneut to each one as he found him. Sa Aristotle saw the rezison of existin! ,- institutions, before lie ventured to .substitute his own notions ior the wisdom of past aires; he learned geitw and can- not be made to order, hence he did not (-ail flown lire from heaven to smelt ex- isting instil - utions and governments in the Iiirnave of theory. He., fortimately, knew nothing of the rhetoric of Locke, Roueseate and Jefferson, that \all men are ereated tree and equal.\ Ile knew not bow they were created; he only knew them as be actually saw them in the world around him, and he preseribed tOr them as they are. He knew that. in fitite some men were enlightened and strong. while others were blind and weak. He . knew that some men are so blind and weak that they need the gui- dative and control of others, and he be- lieved that this was \a most serious duty, a most sacred trust,\ which the enlight- ened were bound to discharge for them. Aristotle studied., yea. he w rote the his- tory of about one hundred and fifty- eight republics before he proceeded to lay I1CW11 the principlee7 of his politics. It would be well 1br some of our politi- cians. of the present day to study history. and not dazzle themselves into blindness by the blaze of their grand abstractions. \ The French,\ s . id Napoleon, \ eared nothing for liberty; they have only loved equality.\ Suit might be eald of some of our politicians; or rather they have loved nothing but hated inequality, and equal- ity they are determined to have though it cost the best blood of millions. They can have it on one principle. The dia- mond and the charcoal are composed . of identieally the same material. The glit- tering diamond may be easily reduced to black clarcoal. but by no process what- ever can charcoal be converted into dia- mond. So of the negro and white man. If they are to be equalized, it must be done by beating down the aspiring prin- eiplie: tho white tO a level with th, shallow brain in the thick skull of the black man. It is true of books and pa- pers that \some groan with heavy arti- cles, to show that white to black and black to white may grow and that woolly hair. a sooty, odorous skin, that foot, protruding heel. and crooked shin, thick lips, retelling forehead, and flat nose, are evtdence of beauty, and disclose superi ority of form and face, and indicate the eegroes proper place.'\rhe inequiality of the human racee is evident. The vis- ionary may insist on the etuvility of the lower anti the higher races, and place hem on the sa me level; but these experi- ments have everywhere resulted in misery, bloodshed and strife. Nature, herself; lee; denied the lower races an education beyond a certain stage, not only in physical structure, but in the Mental capacity. Therefore, to send all children to the same sehool is to dist i v- gard the inequality of the different races, and give unbounded license to the rising generation, to lorm any bonds of union they may see fit; but if these bonds be matrimonial they commit an unpardon- able sin against mankind and against nature; for an admixture of unequal ra- ces es a cancer, an ever limning curse on the oil:spring, as nature lets the mon- grels invariably inheiit all the vices and evil traits of both races, and rarely any 10 the 7ood. Nature disallows the adul- teration of blood. Now let us, like Aris- totle, look to history, and see our own natural faces in a glass if we adopt what the Governor recommends. We need not cross the waters, but simply turn our gaze to piebald Mexico, with her popula- Oil 01 eight million soule. Well, eeet now whether the following lines: are true or not. That `:.e Caucasian race is mu- lling out, and needs recruiting fbree be- yond a doubt, and intermixture of the black and white. The blood will thick- en, and set all things right. The popu- lation of Mexico is composed of Indians, mongre1:4, whites, and negroes. \Thus the antagonisms of race meet in Mexico, and the result is endless anarchy. The people duped by the cry of liberty, at first rallied eagerly around the banners of their leaders. But the Liberals, like their opponents. hnpoverished the land, plundered, robbed. and murdered while the helm of the State was in their hands.\ And so I might quote on, and on; but the whole history is simply a repetition from year to year of dreadful carnage, destructive slaughter, treacher- ous massacre, and horrid butchery. Dr. Beetian, a distinguished ethnologisesays, • where strange heterogenious elements are thrown suddenly together, as the Spateard with the India!' in Mexico, or the Anglo-Saxon with the African negro, we may predict with eel Utility four prin- ciples which are firmly established in ethnology, that the result will be an abortion.\ It is easy, then, to discover a clue to the bewildering, blood -stained, labyrinth of Mexican history. By au unrestrained mixture of the races the whole people has become demoralized and debased. The \ prejudice ot color, then, is no prejudice at all, but a very proper, valuable, and natural instinct, whose violation nature always avenges. Those who seek, and have succeeded ill a great measure to reconcile this interest of the white man with the outstinks of the negro, would soon have us like this piebald Mexican rabble, whose opprobri- um has brought upan Mexico the re- proach of being a nation of thieves and cut-throats. I do not think our rulers would willingly bring us to this. They are simply mistaken as to what is best for us. I do hope the law with reference to the Africans will not be altered. AMICUS HUMAN' GENERIS 2 Virginia City, Jan. 9, 1874. AGAOST THE SUNDAY LAW. Editor -Wadley/atm : As the passage of the Sunday law is being strenuously urged upon the Legis- lature, and but one side as yet has ap- peared in any of the newspapers, it may not be amiss to present some reasons against any legislation on the subject. Your correspondent regards the observ- ance of the Sabbath as I) ing wholly be- tween each man's conscience and his God; and no matter how many laws the Legislature may pass the people will be no more devout than they are at present. It Li dtoor non..ensas-to try to control the minds of mankind by legal enactments. But let us look at this question from an- other standpoint. It is an indisputable thet that the milling portion of our citi- zens produce all the money that we have to carry on the various branches of busi- ue,*s; and it is equally . well known ma placer mining can only be carried on for six months hi the year, and but few ge- in that much time; and every person knows full well that Sunday is the day on which miners do their trading, 1Vould it be just or right to compel the class on whom all are depending to loose one day in each week of the short season they have, to gratify the whims. and caprices of poor, self -constituted, pi- ety -stricken individuals, of whom it takes ten or a dozen to produce as much of the real elements of prosperity and happi- ness as one good hard -fisted miner. Again, does any onAl suppost that after 12 o'clock Saturday night any man shall be subject to a fine,that allows a pestal to drop, or a whistle to call on a near shift of hands. Such laws are better left off of the statute books. But if our Legisla- ture must have a Sunday law, let them exempt the miner that he may lay in his supplies on Sunday for the week—the the merchant, that he can lurnikih the supplies; the mill man, that he may keep his ptunps and machinery in opera- tion; and the rancliman, so that he can irrigate his crops, and have them in read- iness for the coming grasshoppers, with these exemptions, we have no objections to a Sunday law, no matter how string- ent. There is no doubt but that nine -tenths the miners of the Territory would cheer- fully sign it, but they repose that confi- dence in their Representatives to think they will not do them an injustice, and the* titu trm.t their welfare in the hands of those they have chosen to make laws to govern them. MINER. THOSE Who USe postal cards must be carefid not to have any printed matter on them or they will be subject to letter postage. Such is the decision of the Post Master General. This decision ren- ders, postal cards of little , alue to the people. Business men have heretofore used them for advertising purposes in- stead of sending mit circulars, but in the future they will have to return to the old method, which, perhaps, after all is the best plan. THE Georgians want a constitutional convention so that they may repudiate the $8,000,000 in bonds fraudulently is- sued by Bullock and for other purposes, They propose biennial sessions of the Legislature and a remoddling of the judi- ciary system and to prohibit special leg- islation, \Gentlemen said an auctioneer, who was selling a piece of lone ethis is the most delightful land. It is the easiest land to cultivate, it is light so very light. Mr. Parker here will corroborate my statement; he owns the next patch, anti he will tell you how easy it is worked,\ eyes, gen- tlemen,\ said Mr. Parker, \it is very easy to work, but it is a plagued sight eaeler to gather the crops.\ CHICAGO is in distress financially. The interest on her bonds due January 1st has not been paid and the city owes her police and other officers two months pay. 'file city is dead broke and her guardians don't know where to turn to make a FROM HELENA. Helena, M. T., 13.—Yesterday, in digging in the ruins of tee International Hotel. the body of Emirate Klepper was foiled—he having perisned in the late fire. Weather cold. Thermometer. 3 below zero: • 111 El _ASTERN. NEW YORK. New York, 10.—A tire this evening at 806 and 80S, Broadway, damaged stock and fix- tures of Hertoz Bros., ii -:30,000: Shean Bros., eau-pets, 00,000; building 4510,000. The officers of the Spanish war steamer, Cerappelles, have been entertained at din- ner at Delmouicos, by Spanish residents, in ties city. It is said the order of Admiral Polo was denounced in the speeches. A Washington special says, the reception of Secretary Fish, to -night, was an oceasion of bringing together a majority of Senators and Representatives, and the main subject of conversation was the nomination of Ca- leb Cushing. nearly all the points of the ex- ecutive session conw out in the various eon- yersatione. Mr. Sumner myed immediate confirmation, and all the Democrats sup- ported him. Mr. Sargent, of California, objected, and insisted it should go to the committee. Nearly every Republican was personally and strongly dissatisfied with the nomination, but it was at last decided that a favorable report be made. Some o: the strongest men of the Radical party dee ared that, while 3Ir. Cushing was a good 1111(11 for the Spanish mission, for Chief Justice he was politically, altogether inelligible. New York, 12.—S. R. Pandorn,ot the Jer- sey City Evening Journal, was knocked down and badly injured with a club this morning in that city by one John Daly, an internationalist, whom Pantiorn ordered out of his houset las week. Two men who attempted to protect Pandorn were stabbed. Daly was arrested. He was or- ganizing a number of men to join in the parade ot the so-called unemployed men in the city to -morrow. New York, 12.—Conmettee of produce Exchange appointed to consider subject of national finance have made report fa- voring earliest practicable resumption of specie payment, but think time not yet arrived. Favors present national batik- ing system with some amendments and regret even temporary use of any portion legal reserve, and recommends Congress shall provide for resumption of specie payment by taking measures for aCCII- mulation of not less than 200 thousand dollars gold. Committe of Workingmen's Union of' Iron Moulder's Association, called on com missioners this p. and in mined them their organizations totally die approving propoee to -morrow. demonstration Orders were issued to Capt. Walsh, to prevent gathering in Tompkins Squaro, and Central Park. Commissioners hay- hio - withdrawn permit for meeting. en- tire police force will be on duty to -mor- row Arrived U. S. Steatner, Powhattan. The Daeota went into commission to-day. Her destination point is Key Weete J. S. Colgate, to -day notified Stock Ex- change that he is Unable tO his con- tract. 1Vorkingmen's Central Council. held meeting to -night, and refused to parvde with unemployed to -morrow. The 101- lowi ig is substance of resolution adoptkat. 1% orkingmen's Central Council is in no manner responsible for the action of men getting up parade, nor do we approve the insane attempt to excite the passions of the people to commit acts of violence. Regard such men as the worst enemies of trades. and labor organizations and only tending to bring- workiagmen into dis- rutin:C. C01111e11111S :teflon ofPolice Com- mis-ioners denying the right of working- men to parade in any part of the city and believe they are actuated ay tlar. as they could keep peace at the City Hali as well as Canal street. Condemned manner in which Mayor has treated demands oat- bor organizat ions. New York, 13.—This morning a fire occurred in a brick building at 24 east 6th street, the flames spread rapidly, burn- ing an unknown number of occupants in second and third stories. Alarms were' sent out and in a short time a large num- ber of firemen were on tbe spot- Every device wae resorted to reach occupants but the firemen were driven off of every part by the flames. Jacob Steiner. a well known tea merchant jumped from a back window of a second story and was fbund in the yard dead, burned and man- gled. Servant g,irl named Mary MeQuimi, was also tbund in a yard with both lege- broken. Firemen, in searching the buil- dine' found the bodies of Mrs. Steiner and her (laughter smothered in their rooms. Fire is said to have been caused by an imperfect heater. It is rumored that there are several other bodies in the ruins. At 11 this forenoon about 5,000 persons had assembled in Tompkins Square. The police issued orders to drive 'them out, and while doing so Sergeant Bug - bold was assaulted with a hammer by one Meyer. Mayer, with others was promptly arrested and stated in the sta. tion house he was ordered by the 10th ward association to asasault any police- man who molested him. Crowds are reported gathering at diff- erent points. The crowd that g•athered in and around the square had banners of working - m(11's organization. Soon as Meyer was arrested Policeme n began vigorous clubbing and cleaning the square, The most intense excitement prevailed and storekeepers made haste to put up shutters and close doors. One of tho tz t ik o e b n e p d o y s i s n e g s . 6 0 3 n 1 o o t t i . li t t h ee d square. New York 13.—Sidney McLeod, a ship carpenter, was arrested at Jersey City, charged with causing the death of his wile by violence. MASKINGTON. transportation. Doren, of Iowa, and Hul- bert, of Illinois, members of the committee on Pacitic Railroads ? said there was before that committee projects involving the ex- penditure of thirteen millions, and all had their friends. lle favored part of St. Phil- lips' canal improvement of the great lake and other means, aiding the navigation of the sea. He mentioned part of the various other schemes, and commented upon the outrages of the vast monopolies in carry- ing on a trade, and in referring to the pro- posed bill, providing for a board to regulate and relieve railroad - freights he expressed tee opinion that the committee would en- dorse a bill and report a bill next week, and was setisfied Con:tress had power to do this under power to regulate inter -state com- merce. He also expressed himself in favor of freight on railroads from the Mississippi. river to New York, for it was evident it would give advantages to western shippers and eastern consuniers. A proposition to construct a double track from a point- of the Hudson to Council Bluffs, with branches to St. Louis and Chicaeo, had been made, but projectors requireethat the United States euarantee interest on certain bonds. He hoped the committee would prepare a bill embodying in it a pledge of credit from the United States with such guard and guar- antees as would prevent the recurrence ot such inpositions by railroads as those by - .which they are now subject. Representatives lIunneford, McKee, Dobbins, Luttrell, and Stewart. briefly ex- wessed themselves in fitvor of a practicable plan of cheapening transportation and re- lieving producers of present burdens. The meeting adjourned two weeks, hence the committee on railroads and canals %Nell have the proposed bill under consideration. Washington te—The President to -day nominated Caleb Cushing for ChiefJustice ot the Supreme Court of the United States. Several members of the Appropriation Committee think that the estimates cut down ten millionsewill not bring the ex- penditures within the receipts for the next fiscal year. Mshington, 12.—In House a number of bills were presented and referred. Among them one by Field, which pro- vides for the re -issue of $45,000,000 re- serve and makes legal tender notes re- ceivable for customs. In Senate, sundry petitions were pre- sented, including one from Elizabeth Cady Stanton, busifn Bently Anthony, and others, asking that women be allow- ed to vote, or that same rights be extend- ed them as to colored men. Rainsey offered a resolution looking to raising Minister to Sweden and Norway be first class. Adopted. Pratt introduced a bill ceding to sever- al states, where they exist, beds of units- ed,lakes, ponds, etc. Ingalls introduced a bill equalizing rates of' freight on several branches of the Union Pacific Rail Road. Morning hour expiring, consideration salary bill resumed. Pending ques- tem being on amendment of Gordon, re- - - !.(t per cent on all govtimment officers, civil, naval and military, whose sa lades are over $2.000 per year. Gordon withdrew amendment and offered anoth- er in place, applying ten per cent eine- tion on $3,500 salaries in army and navy and making reductions on all staff offi- cers, generals of army, and reduction of President's salary after March, 1877, to $ 25,000, and making an appropriation for the Executive mansion for the next four years of $25,000. The amendment was rejected. Conkling then offered a substitute for House bill, which repeals act of March 3rd, 1873, except so far as relates to sal- ary of President and Judges of Supreme Court and places salaries back where they were be ore the passage of that act, and further provides that no mileage be allowed for first session of the 43rd Con- gress, and that all undrawn back pay shall be converted into treasury. After sonie discussion. and rejection of several amendments by decisive votes, the sub- stitute was adopted, and bill pas.std. Yeas 50, nays 8. In the House, Representative Hulburt, of Illinois, a member of' the committee on railways and canals., will, probably, to- morrow, inteoduee a bill, the features of which he foreshadowed at the meeting of the friends of cheap transportation last night, for the construction of a double track freight railway from New York to Chicago and St. Louis. The railway to be constructed and operated by a corpo- ration, under the auepices of the general government, and controlled by a board of government commissioners. Rates for tansportation in cereals to be fixed at five mills per ton per mile for any dis- tanw over seven hundred and fifty miles, entire length of road beher 1 ,e00 unites. For a shorter distance than 750 miles to 1).! a little more than five mills per ton per mile. Tile road is to be operated ex- clusively as a freight road for cereals, stock, and other productions. Trains will move at the quickest but most eco- nomical rate of speed, which Will be at least 10 miles per hour. The cost of the road is estimated at :i•;175,000,000, includ- ing the necessary rolling stock. Gov- ernment aid is sugge tet1 as a guarantee of live per cent interest on thirty million t w h:1 3. h . trs of bonds. The capacity of the road will be sixty thousand tuns a day each The commissioners to fix various rates of transportation, and make suitable pro- visions tor the case. Hulburt introduced a bill eh:eerily). a d mide track railway from title water on the Atlantic to the MiSSOUti river, and freighte thereon. Referred. Holman moved to suspend the rules and adopt - the resolution, declaring that, in his judgment, and others, there is no nece.ssity to increase taxation or inertrase the public debt by thrther loan, if there be economy hi public expenditures to the lowest point consistent with the proper administration of public AWN. The rules were suspended and resolu- tion adopted. Yeas '221 ; nays 3. Sypher offered a resolution, reciting that. by the abolition of the duty on su- (rar, the revenue had been reduced twelve dollars, while no reduction had beeu made in the cost or sugar to consumers, and the duty of the commit - .tee on ways and means was to inquire into the expediency of restoling the du- ty. Referred. Kasson introdoced a bill tO transfer the management of Indian affairs to the war department. Cox offered a resolution directing the ommittee on ways and means to inquire whether the revenue could be increased by the reduction of the tarille and if so to report a bill hi accordance with that conclusion. Referred. The House went into committee of the , whole on naval appropriation bill, Atter . a general discussion of the bill; the House • without action adjourned. Th9 caucus of Republican Senators this u!erning decided to give precedence to the mance Committee's report. Also discus- sed the confirmation of Cushing as Chief Justice. Conkling and Edwards both made speeches tulvising •contirmation. There is a rumor that Cameron spoke against it. A number of the friends of Cushing call- ed on him to -day, and found him very cheerful in regard to his confirmation. It is reported that Cushing laughingly said he would not be held responsible tOr the comments of the press on his nomina- tion, and that he had no hand in penning them, and would accept the decision of the Senate. The Chaplain of the Senate, in opening prayer, returned thanks to Providence for the repeal of the salary bill. The House resolution to rill vacancies in the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute wee concurred in, and the chair appointed Sargent a member of the board. Senate then proceeded to the considera- tion of the resolution reported by the Fi- nance Committee, declaring it to be the du- ty of Congress to adopt some measures to redeem the pledge in act of 186S, for the early redemption of United States bonds into gold coin. The House occupied the morning hour in discussion of the bill to establish a Bnreatt of Education, and provide funds for eduea- tional purposes, and finally postponed fur- ther consideration until next March. ILLINOIS. Chicago, 10.—A Tribune's Washington special, says an editorial in this morning's itepublican is regarded as expressing the views of the administration in the present solution of affairs in Spain. It says time ad- ministration's course in tie pacific settle- ment of the Virginals affair strove in every proper means to sustain Castellar at the head of the youngest Republic hi Europe. and the government is not unobservant of the fact that one cause which made Castel- lar fall, taking down the Republie with him, is the possibility that he destre4 do right in the late negotiations between this coun- try and Spain. The Spanish republic has been overthrown by a. eeneral at the head of 40,000 bayonets, and e 'driving the consti- tutional assembly, chosen by the people, from their hall, ON a previsional govern- ment has been set up, which with Serano as ie.; chief, who is undoubtedly in the in- terest of Prince Alfonso and the monarch- ists, The monarchs of Europe have. ever beee slow to recognize by established di- plomatic relations any republic in the old world. They have always waited until that government appeared to have established the fact, either by terms or time, that they were eleiged to have diplomatic intercourse with them, and not until then have Europ- ean sovereigns sent Ambassadors in recoe- nition of existing republican governmena. Now ehat Casteliar has been overthrown for eis friendly and independent course to- .. wares the United States, it would hardly seem policy that the Great Republic of the world should hasten her approval of goe- vernment in the interest of monarchy, founded on the ruins of a republic. It would s.eein to us, until better advisedebat our government should pause before taking auy step, or giving, any support to the new government, certainly so long as it remains provisional. 'We torbare much in the Vir- ginius affair, because Spain was a republic. It would seem we ought now to forbear, to do anything that would tend to cripple the hopes and efforts of the Republicans of Spain. Tliese suggestions would Seem to answer what has been brought to our notice. That the government may still re- quire Mr. Cushing, as Chief Justice, to go to Spain to settle the time tor the conven- tion to carry out the protocol of Admiral, Papal, as in the ease of Chief Justice Jay, who went upon a similar mission, while holding that high office, we can see no ad- vantage ot' active diplomatic negotiations with Spain, at the present time, but rather wisdom in allowing the archives of the lega- tion to remain in the hands of a charge de affairs, until we know with whom we have to deal. It may be said that unless we are represented at Madrid we mile drift into war with the new Spanish authorities, but the situatien would seem to be this. If Se-, ronae Linde it iiecessery and cotivenient, in. order to consolidate his powers to rouse the Spanish pride to unite all parties to have war with the U. S. no diplomacy, how- ever able, can avoid such a calamity, which he may deem necessary for his safety. lf his situation does not require so great and fearful a step on his part, which we trust he may not deem it necessary to take, thee no eleplomacy will be needed. In either event as matters seem to stand at present diplo- macy would be useless for this topic. gollow•-•-• 01 01 CONNECTICUT. Hartford, 9.—A heavy tall ofrain was had, causing a disastrous effect in the neighbor- hood of Housatine Valley. The lower por- tion of the manufacturing villages of Der- by, Birmingham and Anconis were sub- merged, and railroad travel to these points has stopped caused by a number of bridg- es having been carried away. A large pier and embankment on the Derby, Housatine & Nausatuck railroad has been destroyed. The freshet is the greatest known for twen- ty years. ManufactuEing has ceased, and the greatest excitemetit prevails at Bridge- port., Westpoint and neighboring - localities. Many bridges and dams have been swept away, and the river chennels filled with water, destroying hundreds of thousands of dopars worth oe Property- The Naugatuck railroad is the greatest sufferer. 1 - .:'1EZ,C)CE11E1117=4 - €4-S —OF— TEE EIGHTH REGULAR SESSION —tee— The Montana Legislature. Reported for the DAILY MADISONIAN. Sixth day—Morning Session. Speaker in the chair. Roll called—all present. The journal of yesterday read and approv- ed. The following communication was re- ceived from Rev. Mr. 11.11. Prout: A. H. BA emerr, Este, Clerk of House of Representatives : Sut-1. have the honor to reply to your note informing me of my election as Chaplain of the House of Representatives and that I accept the office, and will be glad to serve the House as Chaplain with out pecuniary compensation. II. II. reciter. Virgieia City, Jan. 10. Alger, iehairman of Judiciary com- mittee reported 3s follows : Me. SPEAKER—Your Committee on Ju- diciary to whom was referred C. B. No. 8, beg leave to report the same back with the recommendation that it paSS. JA:i. M. ALuEu, Chairman. Report adopted. Sutton, chairman committee on Fi- nance reported as follows: SPEAKER—Your Committee on Fi- nance to whom was reterred the report of the Territorial Auditor and Treasurer, beg leave to report the same back to the House, and recommend that a select joint committee of three be apppointed by the UOUse to confer with a like com- mittee appointed by the Council, to take the matter under consideration, also that said select joint committee be required to meke a thorough examination of the books of said Auditor and Treasurer, and report thereon at their earliest conve_ nienee. Report adopted, and Messrs. Coleman, C in t i t t r t t e i e s,. and Stafford, appointed said com- The following notices were given of the introduction of bills: By Mead: A bill to amend Chapter 1 of the general and miscelaneous laws of Montana Territory; approvedJan. 12, 1872, entitled an act ni relation to executors and administrations. By Sanders : A bill for an act to pro- vide for the publication of the decisions of the Supreme Court of the Territory of Moutana, also a bill for an act to repeal an act entitled an act to provide for the forfeiture to the Territory of placer mines, held by Aliens approved, Jan. 12, 1872. On motion of Mr. Curtis, a committee of three was appointed to ascertain the mileage of members and report at their earliest convenience. Curtis, Carmichael, and Kennedy, were appointed said com- mittee. On motion of Coleman, C. B. 8, was recommitted to the Judiciary conmettee. On motion of Coleman, the House ad- journed until 10 a. m e on Monday. COUNCIL. Sixth day—Morning Session, Council met pursuant to adjournment. President in the chair. Roll called. All present. journal of yesterday read and approv- ed. A -communication from the House through chief clerk Barrett. announcing notices of bills given in that body. Yager gave notice of a bill concerning county finances ; of one to allow the Ter- ritorial Treasurer to issue bonds. A bill by Barber concerning revenue. Also of one to provide br tne appropri : ation of license taxes. A bill by Newcomer for a school law. By Dance of a road law bill. C. B. No. 9—concerning butchers—was introduced by Garrigan, the substance of which is to require them to keep a rec- ord of animals slaughtered by them. Read firA and second times; referred to committee on agriculture. A communication was received from the Governor through his private secre- tary, transmitting the report of the so- ciety for the prevention of cruelty to an- imals. Referred to the committee on ag- riculture. Amick introduced a resolution thanking JI fi. Mills for calendars. Adopted. On motion of Yager, Hon. John P. Barnes was invited to a seat on the floor. On motion or Qat - riga'', a committee consisting of Garrigan, Maillet, and Stewart, was appointed on mileage. Gan - NJ - an introduced C. C. It, INti, 1, appropriating $117 to the Gazette, for papers fureiebeit Reed first anti second times, and referred tO the committee on Pr O ill i t i b il l g io . tion of Maillet, the Council pro- ceeded to the election of a Chaplain. Yager nominated Father Kelleher. Stewart nominated Rev. F. A. Riggin. Newcomer nominated Rev. Russell. Dance nominated Rev. Hugh Duncan. On ballot Father Kelleher wee duly eleeted. On motion of Garrigan, a committee coneisting of Garrigan aiK1 %Volker, was appointed to inthrm him Wide election. Recess till 2 o'clock p.m. Afternoon Session. Council resumed. President in the chair. Roll called. All present. A conimunication from the House, through assistant clerk Chapman, an- nouncing notices of the passage and in- troduction of bills in that body. Neweomer, front tile committee 011 print- ing, reported lusts In - lifted. Reports. on mileage. Report on contested seat received. Dance was granted leave of absence till Monday morning 10 o'clock. On motion of Davis, the contest mat- ter was referred to the committee of the the whole at ten and a half o'clock aln. Monday morning. On motion of Newcomer, Mr. Barnes was allowed to examine papers. On motion of Davis, 1..ither party be allowed to produce all the evidence he may deem suitable. Newcomer introduced C. B. No. 10, to amend sec. 19, chapter 34, general laws. Read first and second times, and referred to the judiciary committee. C. B. No. 6—Helena tire departinen`--- having pa sed the House, was ordered enrolled. Co ncil adjourned till Monday morn- ing:tit 10 o'clock. HOUSE. Eighth Day—Afternoon Session. House met pursuant to adjournment. Speaker in the chair. Roll called. Quorum present. Absent—Anaux, Chessman, Coleman, and Sanders. Prayer by the (7haplain. Journal of Saturday read aml approved. Communication from the Council, through, Chief Clerk Carpenter, was re- ceived of notices of the introduction of bills in that body as follows : By Yager, concerning county finances ; one to authorize the Territorial Treasurer to issue bonds. By Barber, to amend an act entitled \an act providing for the collection of revenues ;\ one to amend an act entitled an act concerning the appropriation of moneys, collected thr licen.se tax. By Ditnce, rehailig to Roads and nigh- t ‘ b i t l ys i s s . f the School Law. Of the introduction of the following By Newcomer. to amend certain sec - By Garrigan, C. B., No. 9, concerning butchers. Also C. C. R. No. 1, making an.appro- priation to the Gazette publishing. coin- pany—and the Helena Herald fin- papers furnished at the extra seesion of aesembly of 1873. Alger from Committee on Judiciary reported back C. B. o. 8, with a substi- tute, recommending its a0Opti011. trr l o t s c s i t ) i ort adopted, and bill ordered en - r5 • • Harringtc re from the Committee on Territorial tanks, to whom was referred that portion ot' the Governor's message relating to the Peuitentiary, reportere recommending the appointment by the Spea ker, of a eelect Connnittee to whom shall be referred all matters relating to the penitentiary. Report adopted, and Kerley, Hartwell, Kennedy, and Arnattx, were appointed said Committee. On motion of Kerley, said Committee was instructed to report a Penitentiary bill at their earliest convenience. Recess till 2 o'clock p. Afternoon Session At 2 p. House resumed. Speaker in the chair. Roll called—Quorum present. Absent—Alger, Hartwell, Kerley, and Sa C m u le rt r i s s . from the select committee on mileage reported. Notice of bills were given as follows: By Coleman for an act to amend Sec- tion LS6 of an act entitled \an act to reg- ulate proceedings in civil cases in the courts of justice of the Territory of Mon- tana.\ By Mallory, to regulate the use of the threshing mach i les. By Mead, to amend, chapter 2, title two of the civil practice act, entitled \Courts ofJustice in this Territory, in relation to the issue, return alai service of summons in the probate courts of Mon- tana Territory.\ Commumeetion from the Council through chief clerk Carpeuter, was re- ceived - , as follows: Of the introduction of C. B. No. 10, by Newcomer, to itmend sec. 34-, chapter 17, of an act re-enacting, revising, and codi- fying the general - and permanent Jaws of Runtime Territory. C. B. No. 11, of the introlteelon by Davis, to amend Section 38, chapter 21, of general and. miscellaneous laws, ap- proved January 12, 1872. 'House bill No. 4, was introduced by Ezekiel, to provide :for the election of County assessors—read first and second times, and referred to committee on Ways :tad Means. 11. B. No. 5, introduced by Sanders, to repeal au act entitled \an act to provide for the forfeiture to the Territory, of pla- cer claims held by aliens, approved Jan- uary 12, 1874—read first and second times, rules suspended, considered en- grossed; mad third time, alid passed by the thllowing vote; : Ayes 24, Nays 1. Absent 1. II. B. No. 6, introduced by McCauley. to amend section 629 of chapter 2 of the civil practice act. I Read first and second times and re - 'erred to the Judiciary Committee. II. B. No. 7, introduced by Coleman, to amend section 31, 35, 36, and 45, of civil practice act. Read first and second times, and re- ferred to the Judiciary Connnittee. On motion the House adjourned till 10 a. m. to -morrow. COUNCIL Eighth day—Morning Session. Council met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. President in the chair. Roll called—all present. Prayer by the Chaplain, Father Kelle- her. Joernal of Saturday read, and approv- ed. Davis. introduced C. B. No. 11, to amend Sec. 38 of chapter 21 general laws. Read 1st and 2d thnes, and referred to Judiciary Committee. Recess till 10 o'clock. At half past 10 Council resumed, Mr. President in the Chair. Roll called—all present. On motion of Newcomer the Council went into Committee of the whole on the Special Order. The Barnes ease. C9uncil resumed, Mr. President in the Chair. Recess till 2 o'clock p. Afternoon Session. of the Council resumed at 2 p. M. t ): o u l i l e f: t r Ii l e ro d—al Mr. President. in the chair. m t l im p e re c ee ( ti n t i . mittee whole veported progress, and ask leave 2, o'clock. Report adop- ted, to sit agaiq ;0 THOMAS DEYARMON, Editor and Proprietor. irtALISIIED EVERY S TURDA 1', 41.'1` Virginia City, - - - Montane. THOMAS DEYARMON, kyr & Vrtg)riettw e Papers ordered to any address ran be chan g ed to another address at t Opt i0111 of the sueseriber. Rent ilia nee by d raft. check. naony order or registered letter may be sent at our risk. On motion of Newcomer, the Council went into Committee of the whole On the Barnes conteeted election case. Council resumed * Mr. President in the chidr. A. communication Nvas received from the House through Aesistant Clerk Chapman, giving notices of bilLs in that body. Committee of the Nvhole through New- comer, Chairman, recommending that the majority report in the Barnes case bo rejected. Report adopteti. Ayee 9. naeys 3. Council adjourned till to -morrow at 10 o'clock a. in. Ninth day—Morning Session. House met pursuant to adjournment. 311.. Speaker in the chair. R A? Prayer by the Chaplain. Journal of Yesterday read and approv- ed. Kerley. ehaieman of committee on Print- ing reported as follows; :ipeaker, Your committee on Printing have ascertamed that they can get the printing of bills done at the rate of elemo per thousand ems, in addition to the amount now allowed by the Government of the United States. J. C. KETZLEY, chairman. Emerson from the committee on Ways and Means, reported bark II. B. No. 8, with substitute recommending its adoptiou. Report adopted. Bill ordered printed. Harrington from the committee on Ter- ritorial affairs, reported hack II. B. No. e, with amendments regulating the bill as amended do pass. Report adopted and bill ordered printed. Curtis gave notice of a bill for an act to amend an act apportioning the Council Dis- trees, ot the Territory of \lontana. Oil motion of Cures, House took recess till 2 o'clock p. Afternoon Session Houee resumed. Speaker in the chair. Roll called. All present. On motion oflierley. substitute for II. Ile No. 3, ivhich provides that the County Commissioners shall haVe power to trans- fer funds, was taken from the desk of the Engrossing clerk and placed on the Speak- er's desk,read third time and passed by the following vote; N A A:y i: s o s i: 1 11 5 1. 1 . nnuieation from the Governor. transmiting information concerning tho United States Centennial Celebration, et Philadelphia. Referred to committee on In- ternal Improvements. Alse from the same of the proceedings of the Irrigating Convention of Denver. Col. Concurrent resolution for the appoint- ment of Clerk for the joint committee ott Auditor's and Treasurer's books. Lost by s 0 e r 1111 ( N ) 1 o 6 :—,by Station - I, at etches a portion of Gallatin to Madison county. On motion ro refer the same to commits tee on Towns and Counties lost.. A motion was Made to refer it to a speeial committee of five. It was so referred. and the following com- mittee appointed StatiOrd, Ezekiel, Cole - m g; r i r n a o tt e i'o l i i i m il ei ( 0 ) :1 11 r $: n e t t et till 10 o'clock to- morrow COUN 4'1 L. Ninth day—Morning:Session. o n . w 1 t 0, pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Preselent in the ehair. Roll called—all present. 3 r 1 r i ' i l l Y ti ( t 'r es li o Y f t ; 1.1 : 2 sitt I ll :: l i '-ii i il . i:ail, mut appro v- ett. A communication was received from his Excellency the Governor, through his pri- vate Secretary, making executive appoint- 111: 'i n . mtion of Beattie. after the order of i t i ° :i ll i ti less has gone through the Council, will go into Executive Ses s ioo„ Newcomer from eminnittee on Printing reported back C. C. B. No. 1, appropriating ;(11nitt,,,, of three to act with a money for Gazette with amendments. Ariek from judicial committee reported back C. 13. No. 10, to amendesection 34, chapter 17, General laws reccommending that it pass. A communication from the House, through assistant clerk Chapman, was re- ceived, giving notice of bills in that body. rtij i,, tit .l i( : .ie .N 1 1 pay is , Barber, aP1 Judiciary committee reported back C. B. No. 3, to amend Alien Law recommending that it be indefinitely postponed, Aqop.,,d, gave notice, of a bill evening and extending jurisdiction of Justice of peace.s Stewart gave notive of bill to regulate proceetlitigs in civil eases. gave notice of a bill to regulato i li t ) i:o . iner introduced a resolution to up- : eminence of the House, tO eXaMi de minted such ti c io l t °1 1 iN t ils1 :: :_. 1 (. kuilitor's and Treasurer's Reports, committee, H. R. No. 5, to repeal the Alien law, read 1st and 2nd times. 11:ince move•I to indefinitely Postpone. Beattie moved to lay that motion On Lb() ried by the following vote. A . s ..._7, to amend • ttetion 84 e chap- tt 17 ieral Laws. Real Estate. e 'd time, and passed by the follow- i i No ( ( 'Seres noes, C u i motion of .Arick, Weill into none. Title agreed to. Ex i t Session. ii : 1 / 4 .:11 Council reStUlled. c Si o ni i ii i : k . ;if tt i u w t k he a l e .o ltr s . all ,2 6.clock. p.m, Afternoon Session. s C i e o tt a n k c t i ! i r r h e i s tt t i l i e n e c d h . a ire All present. ported Wei( C. B. No. 9—bUtcher'a ti arrigan, from the committee on itgrtent tu l r 1::11 r, e: A unwire y report was also submitted. dled. bill—with amenilments. No reeommein tat ions rontained in it. On motion of Beattie, the majority re- port was adopted, and the bill referred for ation was received from the en A gr t o ,, $ ) s n ii iii i e ll n i t tiie Governor through his Kiva ie Secretary, enclosing the -Irrigation Memorial, adop- ted by the Denver Convention,\ On motion of Ariek it was referred to committee on Feileral Relatious. ALSO enelosing a communieetioo eonceru. ing the Ceutennial Celebretiee. Newcomer introduced C. B. No. 12, rights of Married Women. On motion of Neweoiner. the rules were sItspended and the bill ordered printed. The bill was referred to Printing committee end ordered printed. On motion of Garrigan theindi 3 Oild 00k11% mittee were ordered to report back C. II, No. 2, so that it can be printed. Bill reported back and referred to com- mittee on Printing and ordered printed. Maillet introduced C. II. No. 13, to amend nd 2nd times end referred to L i i tie e n a s d e l a s e i t a , o W f . li al a 's v a is tid tl i te \ S i t i l l' r'gent-at-arms co o m i n m iil i t i t o ee t io o n t was instrueed to procure a list of the itets passed at the Extra Session. On motion ot Ariek the claim of Hon. John P. Barnes to, a .ttit1 in the Council fro!. i the 3rd Pistriet was referred by the following vote: jo i led till 10 o'clock a. m. to-mor, Ayes 9, ro N kv . ii (.1 3'S ; 3 1.1 t e((lic3.c.:,1,(11:):el'ill.'.1iti.li,.. The old maxim 'lean propoees\ is flatly contradicted by Masseehusetts spinster% who only wish he did. The dress makers are the best support.. ers of newspapers—they pattern-ize c Very one. that falls into their heeds, t . 4 0 •