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• 11 - ill I 1- I s, _ I b - THE MADISONIAN. SATURDAY, APRIL II, 1674. OFFICE, Two doors West from Wells, Fer- ia: Co's. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. One ear (in achrotnce) T i lfrert Months 6 6 ADVERTISING RATES. THE MADISONIAN, as an advertising m edium, is equal to any paper in Montana. .4 4) ” ••• Ill FA I nch ..... Inches 3 Inches 4 Indies l; Inches 13 Inches /5 Inches $3 $5 $7 $:4 $10 $15 $20 $25 3 8 9 10 12 20 30 40 7 9 11 12 15 25 37 55 8 11 12 14 17 30 45 70 10 12 15 18 2+ 38 65 90 18 24 30 34 mil 55 90 140 30 40 50 55 651 75 150 250 The above scale of prices is for ordinary sin - le -column. display advertising. Solid and tabular advertisements will be charged at the i.ach rate tor space occupied. LOCAL NOTICES, Fifteen cents per line for trrst, and ten cents per line for each additional insertion. CARDS, One-half inch, $2 for one insertion; $3 for two insertions; $8 per quarter; $16 per year. The foregoing schedule of prices will be strictly adhered to. All advertisements counted HI Nonpareil measure. ..1013 TPIZIINT Of every description, executed in the best and neatest style, and on reasonable terms. NEWSPAPER DECISIONS. I. Any one who takes a paper regularly from the Postoffice—whether directed to his name or another's, or whether he has subsciibed or not —is responsible for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must ' , lay all arrearag,es, or the publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, and collect the whole amount, whether the pa- per is taken from the office or not. 3. The courts have decided that refusing to take the newspapers or periodicals from the Postoffice, or removing and leaving them un- called for, is prima facia evidence of intention- al fraud. PROFESSIONAL. G. F. COWAN, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Radersberg, Montana Territory. HENRY F. WILLIAMS, Att'y & Counselor at Law, VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. OFFICE over the Post Officer. J. E. CALLAWAY, Attorney and Coun- selor at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. OFFICE, adjoining the office of the Secre- tary of the Territory. B.. W. TOOLE. J. K. TOOLE. TOOLE 81. TOOLE. Attorneys at I_Aaw. HELENA, MONTANA. Will practice in all the Courts of Montana. JOINT. sHOBER. T. J. LOWERY. SHOBER 81. LOWERY, .A.tt •-tama ct c• lark- selors at Law. HELENA, M. T. Will practice in all the Courts of Montana. SAMUEL WORD, Attorney at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. JAMES G. SPRATT, Attorney and Coun- selor at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. Will practice in all the Courts of Montana. W. F. SANDERS, 61 e r(.1 .Attorney and Coun- selor at Law. 1, HELENA, M. T. Will practice in all Courts of Record in Montana. C. W. TURNER, Li A_ NV YE TI, VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. OFFICE: Adjoining Colonel Call away's. WM. F. K I R KWOOD Attorney at Law, VIRGINIA CITY. Can be found at Judge Spratt's office or Pro- bate Court Rooms. Will practice in all the Courts of the Territory. GEORGE CALLAWAY, M. D. Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, X NTANA. OFFICE., at the Law Office of J. E. Calla- way, Esq., until further notice. I. C. SMITH, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, X. T. Office at the Old Le Beau Stand, Wallace Street, where he can be found night or day E. T. YAGER, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. Will practice in all branches. Office one door above the City Drug Store. H. B. BARKLEY, M. D. Physician& Surgeon. RADERSBURG, M. T. T AS had twenty-one years' experience in in his profession—flour years of that time a surgeon in the Confederate army. He is pre- pared to perform all kinds of surgery. IN FEMALE COMPLAINTS, his expe- riv ,r a r e i e to i r s y n . ot surpassed by any physician in the r, TO THOSE WHO HAVE VENEREAL l'OM P LA IN TS.—t;wnorrhea, if called upon within live days after the first appearance, he Will (lire in seventy-two hours. In Syphilis, he will cure in five (lays. Kis treatment is different from any physi- :.iamm in this Territory. Ile is prepared for ( leansing, Extracting, sad Filling Teeth. D. F. OGDE N, L. D. S., 1 )1.7.NrIIIST. Wallace Street Virginia City.X.T. Dr. L. W. FRARY• 1) rU I S T OFFICE First Doan Below Crescent Hotel, '11RGINIA CITY, VOL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 1874. NO. 22. 1P(31E9CLI.Y. THE SWEET BY AND BY. By and by we shall see Jesus, By and by, oh by and by; Even now He looks and sees us iiourneying toward His home on high, And He smiles upon us, saying: By and by, oh by and by, Cares and trials you'll be laying With your earthly garments by. CHORUS.—Oh, by and by—we sing it softly, Thinking not of earthly care— But the by and by of Heaven Waiting for us over there. By and by we shall be standing, By, and by, oh by and by, At fair Heaven's shining lauding While the river murmurs by, And our friends will round nava/her, By and by, oh by and by, Saying welcome, for the Father Loves to have His children nigh. ClIOR68.-0h, by and by, etc. By and by—we say it gently, Looking on our peaceful dead— And we do not think of earth life, But of Heaven's sweet life instead. By and by we all shall gather, By and by, oh by and by, In the life of God our Father, That shall know no by and by. CUORUS —Oh, by and by—we sing it softly, Thinking not of earthly care— But the by and by of Heaven, Waiting for us over there. BLACK INGRATITUDE. I always used to figure Am ,ng the folks who sought To liberate the nigger, And everybody ought. I helped the Northern forces Against the South to peg, inch truth this fact indorses, That I've a woden leg. And victory, moreover, Has lent me other charms, In Mars's field of clover I've left a pair of arms. Yet still while life remains me, One gleam of comfort lacks; There's one sad thing that pains me— Ingratitude from blacks! Whene'er I walk the city Some black ungrateful goes, Without a grain of pity, And settlers on my noes! POOR. BY THEODORE E. OSBORNE. Dream! Must I ever dream? Never be, but only seem Ever like a troubled stream, And thus live on? Hoping beyond my reach, Comfort seek in sages speech— In all the good (10th teach— And thus live on? Philosophy's healing spring Sometimes lifts the drooping wing, But heals not the bitter sting That must be borne. Not to myself my heart's strife, 'Tis for those dear as lite— Offspring and angel wife - 1 thus live on. I'll bear the burden and heat That Heaven designs most mete, And lay my care. And thus live on. THE CHILD AND THE POETS. Still linger in our noon of time And on our Saxon tongue The echoes of the home -born hymns The Aryan mothers sung. And childhood had its litanies In every age and clime; The earliest cradles of the race Were rocked to poets rhyme. Nor sky, nor wave, nor tree, nor flower, Nor green earth's virgin sod, So moved the singer's heart of old As these small ones of God, The mystery of unfolding life Was more than morning's dawn, Than opening flower or crescent moon The human soul new-born! And, still to childhood's sweet appeal The heart of genius turns; And more than all the sages teach From lisping voices learns.—Whittier. WATCH -WORDS OF LIFE. Hope, While there's a hand to strike! Dare, While there's a young heart brave! Toil, While there's a task unwrought! Trust, While there's a God to save! Learn, That there's a work for each! Feel, That there's strength in God! Know, That there's a crown reserved! Wait, Though 'neath cloud and rod! Love, When there's a foe that wrongs! Help, When there's a brother's need! Watch, When there's a tempter near! Pray, Both in word and deed! A ROMANTIC MARRIAGE. AN ALABAMA BELLE MARRIES A TENNESSEE MILKMAN—MARRIED IN WORKING CLOTHES. [Correspodence of the Cincinnati Commercial.] That the days of chivalry are not over none who are acquainted with the cir- cumstances of the marriage referred to can doubt. In Tuesday's papers appear- ed the following: MARRIED—MARTIN—MARTIN—At St. Ma- ry's church in this city, on Monday, March 2, 1874, hy the Rev. George C. Harris, Mr. G. Fred Martin, of this city, to Miss Sallie Belle Martin, of Tuscaloosa, Ala. Very plain, very proper, and very for- tunate was what all who saw the notice, and were acquainted with the parties, thought of the affair. Among the more intimate frieads of the happy couple con- siderable surprise was manifested, as it was well known that the two had never met but a few times, save in the street. Last Monday afternoon, Mr. Jo. Stone, a well-known young man, met Miss Sal- lie Belle Martin and a lady friend on Main street, proposed a walk to the bluffs, from which point a fine view can be had of the mighty river which laves their base, and the Arkansas shore al- ready putting on the beautiful, fresh garb of spring. It was a lovely afternoon, and the trio spent a half hour on the bluffs watching the hundreds of steamboat laborers at their feet, all busy loading and unloading the floating palaces and commenting on the varied scenes in the panorama stretched before them. Turn- ing back and coming down Madison street, a gentleman acquaintance was met who, alter a few minutes' chat, walk- ed away with the lady friend referred to, leaving Mr. Stone and our heroine to- gether. Walking down Maui street Mr. Stone purchased a pocketful! of nuts, with which he stud Aliss Martin, going into Court square, gave the trolksouse squirrele a least. A YOUNG LADY OF NERVE. Tiring of that, the two walked up Sec- ond street, laughing and chatting, until opposite the Calvary Church, when, the conversation chancing to be on things matrimonial, Mr. Stone, iii a tone of raillery, said: \Miss Sallie, I dare you to go across the street and get married!\ The banter was promptly accepted in the same spirit, and in high glee the two crossed the street and entered the church, in which services were being held at the time. Not seeing any manifestation of faltering on the lady's part, Mr. Stone whispered: \I give up; you have beaten me; let us go!\ And the two retracted their steps to Court square. where they met the couple previously referred to. They had a package of candy, and Mr. Stone asked for some, which they jokingly refused. \Very well, Miss Sallie, we will go and buy a package for ourselves.\ They accordingly went to Speck's on Madison street and bought the confec- tions. Coming out they saw a milk wag- on standing in the alley alongside of the store. \Is not that Mr. Martin's wagon?\ asked Miss Martin. \Yes I believe it is,\ responded Mr. Stone. \I would like to see him,\ said Miss Sallie, \for I thought him such a nice gentleman the other night at a party, and would like to see him again.\ Retracting their steps they went into the store and inquired after Mr. Martin. Being told that he was somewhere near, they again went into the street, and met the gentleman sought on the sidewalk. He is our hero. A few min- utes of social conversation ensued, when Mr. Stone said: A PLUCKY YOUNG MAN. \Fred Miss Sallie here has just backed me out on a proposition to get marri- ed.\ \Well replied Mr. Martin, turning to the lady, \you can't back me out!\ \Yes I can,\ laughingly responded Miss Martin; and then for two or three minutes the parties indulged in laughter and repartee, finally closing with the proposal of Mr. Stone to go off and get a license. This was agreed to by all parties, and the trio set offfor the office of the Coun- ty Clerk, where the coveted document was to be had. Arriving there they for- tunately met Mr. John Overton, Jr., who acquiesced in the proposal to go on the marriage bond, and in ten minutes the license was signed, sealed, and deliv- ered by the smiling clerk, Mr. James Reilly. Coming out the question was put by Mr. Martin: \Where will we go to get married?\ In that obliging manner which renders him such a favorite, Mr. Stone proposed the nearest Squire (Hall). That official was not in. Nothing daunted, Mr. Martin propos- ed to walk up street. In passing along Second street they took a carriage and drove out to St. Mary's, on Poplar street, as the most convenient place for the cer- emony. The rector, the Rev. Geo. C. Harris, was not in, and the trio, still on matrimony bent, despite the cruel fate which seemed opposed, started back down town. When near Fourth street Mr. Martin espied Mr. Harris on the street, and at once accosted him, asking his services. With a profound bow the obliging rector expressed himself willing and ready, and the quartet, taking a street car, again proceeded to St. Mary's, being joined en route by two young la- dies, friends of all parties, who happened alone at along at the time. Arriving at the church, it being dark by this time, the lights were turned on, and the rather strange looking bridal party—Mr. Mar- tin being in his every -day working clothes—proceeded at once to the chan- cel, where, in his clerical robes, awaited the reverend gentleman who was soon to UNITE THEM FOREVER. Neither the lady nor Mr. Martin, by this time very sober in the expression of their countenances, faultered for a mo- ment, but joining hands stood before the man of God. When the question was asked Mr. Martin— \Wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded wife?\ he in a low, firm tone, answered, \I will.\ To the question: 'Wilt thou have this man to thy wed- ded husband?\ etc., Miss Martin prompt- ly responded, will,\ and to the ques- tion: \Who giveth this woman to be marri- ed to this man?\ Mr. Stone stepped for- ward (as next friend) and taking the lady's hand gave it to the minister. When that part of the ceremony was reached where after plighting their troth the ring is given, it was found that neith- er of the parties had the necessary gold- en circlet. One of the young ladies men- tioned, noticing:the stop, slipped a ring off her ringer and handed it to the parties, and in few moments the minister said: \I pronounce that they are man and wife, in the name of the Father, and of the Son. and of the Holy Ghost, Amen,\ anti the romance was completed. The bridal couple, after congratula- tions, proceeded to the house of a re- lation where Mrs. Martin, nee Miss Mar- tin had been stopping. It required a little time to explain matters, after which wine and cake were brought in, and. in company with a few friends, all went merry as the traditional marriage belle. THE HAPPY PAIR. The bride is an acknowledg,ed belle of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, a queenly, laugh- ing blonde, who has been spending the winter in this city, where her beauty and accomplishments have turned the heads of scores of the gallants, young and old. She is of one of the best Alabama fami- lies, her father, prior to his death, being a leading and well known merchant. The groom is a young man, a descend- ant of one of the best known aud highly respected families of Middle Tenneeeee. Before the war his father was a gentle- man of affluence, but at its close, like thousand of others, found himself penni- less. Our hero, like many young men in similar circumstances, was too proud to be supported by others, but unlike many others, he was not too proud to go to work like a true man, and make an honest living for himself. Coming to this city he purchased a dairy anti at once went to work, not trusting others to do his business. As a natural conse- quence he has, by close application, not only secured a comfortable competence, but has won the respect and esteem of all. THE LAUG*ING PLANT. The London Garden copies, from Pal - grave's work on Central and Eaetern Arabia, an account ofa plant whose seeds produce effects similar to those of laugh- ing gas. It is a native of Arabia. A dwarf variety of it is found at Kaseem, and another variety at Oman, which at- tains to a hight of from three to four feet, with woody stems, wide -spreading branches, and bright green foliage. Its flowers are produced in clusters, and are of a bright yellow color. The seed pods are soft and wooley in texture, and con- tains two or three black seeds, of the size anti shape of a French bean. Their flavor is a little like that of opium, and their taste is sweet; the odor from them produces a sickening sensation and is slightly offensive. The seeds contain the essential property of this extraordi- nary plant, and when pulverized and ta- ken in s mall doses, operate upon a person in a most peculiar manner. He begins to laugh loudly, boisterously; then he sings, dances, and cuts all manner of fan- tastic capers. Such extravagance of ges- ture and manner was never produced by any other kind of dosing. The effect continues about an hour, and the patient is uproariously comical. When the ex- citement ceases, the exhausted exhibitor falls into a deep sleep, which continues for an hour or more; and when lie awakens, he is utterly unconscious that any such demonstrations have been en- acted by him. We usually say that there is nothing new under the sun; but this peculiar plant, recently discovered, as it exercises the most extraordinary influ- ence over the human brain, demands from men of science a careful investiga- tion. see -e -ea• A singular arrest has been made at New- ton St. Cyres, near Exeter, England. Fourteen years ago the son of a farmer there assaulted a policeman and abscond- ed. He was fined by the magistrate in his absence, the alternative being seven days imprisonment. Four years ago he THE KING Some time in October last a farmer residing near Hennepin, Ill., named John Simonton, was found in a potato field. brutally murdered. The field was owned by a young negro man named James Landris, alias Charles Jackson. All known about it as that Simonton went into the field and was killed by Landris, who immediately disappeared. No trace of him had been discovered until March 9th, when Edward Welch, from near the place of the murder, met Landris on the street in Davenport, Iowa, and recog- nized him. As the negro also recognized Welch, Landris ran away, and Welch got a policeman to search for him. He was soon found at the house of a colored tinnily on third street. The woman de- nied that there was any man there, but search was made in an adjoining room, where Landris was concealed in a bed, and a vigorous pull at his leg brought out the bird of prey. Ile is now in jail and confesses to the murder, but says it was in iself-detense. SHEEP DOGS OF CALIFORNIA. Californa shepherds have a most in- genous system for teaching their dogs to guard the 'countless flocks of sheep of Southern California. One may wander for iniles,and see thousands of sheep, but not a man to watch them, but around each flockare half a dozen dogs. These have the eitire care of the sheep, drive them out to the pasture in the morning, keep them from straying during the day, and bring hem home at eight. These animals have inherited a talent for keep- ing sheep, aid this talent is cultivated in this way. %Then a lamb is born, if the shepherds leve a pup which they want to train, the lamb is taken from its moth- er—she not icing allowed to see her off- spring, anti the pupy is put in its place, and the sheep suckles it. When the pupy grows old mough to eat meat it is fed in the mornipg and sent out with the sheep. It stays with them because it is accus- tomed to lc with its foster -mother. but it cannot fetd with them, and as they get full the dog gets hungry. At length, impatient to return, when it hopes to get Its meat, ihe dog begins to tease and wor- ry the wither and finally starts her to- ward home, the others follow, and thus the whole flock is brought in. If they are brought home too early, or the dog comes without them, he gets punished in some way, and thus, by taking advan- tage of their instinets and appetite, these dogs are trained to a great state of per- fection, and become invaluable to the owners of large flocks. came to his mother's funeral, and an at- tempt was then made to arrest him, but he eluded the police. Recently his lath- er died, and the man again came to at- tend his funeral. This time the police made sure of their prisoner by arresting him in the churchyard, and he underwent the imprisonment. Dr. Ballo has Facility presented to the of Medicine, for examination, a curious phenomenon, viz: A young girl of four- teen, named Blanche Dumas, from Is- soudun, France, whose body, from the waist downward, is double, and presents two parts acting independently of each other. The two legs she uses for walk- ing belong each to a different trunk, while a third one is quite insensible to pain. She enjoys good health. It isn't every girl who brings a suit for breach of promise to marry, who will throw away her chances for a verdict, and compromise the case. Miss May Ed- sington, of Lexington, Ky., had the word ofMr. Geo. Lewis, of Monroe, Mich., that he would make her his own, but as he failed to make good his word she commenced an action. He thought the matter over, concluded that May was a pretty plucky party, and renewed his ad- dresses. The pulpit and not the bench adjudicated the case. The femme sole was converted into kfernme couverte, the bachelor into a Benedick. The lawyers howl. THE TERRITORIES. Utah has produced over $5,000,000 in pre- cious metals during 1873. Twenty thousand bushels of flax -seed will be raised in Walla Walla County this com- ing season. There are 25,000 head of cattle and 20,000 head of sheep in the Sagnache Valley, low- er Colorado. A praying band of women has been or- ganized at Golden, Colorado, for the pur- pose of closing up the liquor establishments. The loss of stock in Idaho has been great- er this Winter than ever before. But very few hens are said to be in anything like good condition. The Arizona Miner says there are in that Territory thousands of acres of good cotton, sugar and tobacco lands, and advises the farmers to diversify their crops. Fidalgo Island is the south-western por- tion of Whatcom County. It has an area of thirty square miles, or 19,200 acres, and a population of 85 souls? A mail steamer touches twice a week, and the island has its school -house, post -office and store. ols-ss-sse A good little boy out West undertook to come the George Washington on his mother in this way: Ile cut off the cat's head with the traditionsi hatchet, and then hid the defunct feline in the meal barrel. When the old lady went for her meal to make the \hoe cake\ for the frugal morning repast, she discovered her cat and interviewed her little son. Ile said: '1 did it, mother, with my little hatchet, but I'll be squizzled if I can tell the whole truth about this little af- fair.\ Now,most mothers would have kiss- ed that brave, truthful lad on the noble brow, and kept right on using meal out of the barrel just the same, but this one didn't. She said: -Come across my lap, my son; come across my lap.\ He came, and for a while there rose a cloud from the seat of his trousers that eflectually hid that son from view, and the old woman now sports goggles and is lavish in the use of eye -salve. The good little boy had peppered the seat. of his-pants.—Greeu 132y Advocate. AND THE TELEGRAPH- IST. The late King of Saxony was in the habit, out of regard to the public interest, of attending the courts of justice, the higher and lower schools, and the differ- ent Government offices, to see all the State institutions in working order. One day, says a German paper, which vouches, for the authenticity of tile anecdote King John appeared at the telegraph office of a small station, taking the clerk by surprise. This official hal only time to telegraph to his colleague at the next station, b\lhe King has just arrived on a visit of inspection,\ before he was sum- moned to give all possible details to his sovereign with regard to the amount of traffic in the place, the number of dis- patches received, the number sent out, etc. Presently a message came along the wire, which the clerk read in much em- barrassment. \What are the contents of the dispatch ?\ inquired the King. The official stammered out that the contents were unimportant; but his royal master insisting on being informed, the unhappy clerk was at length compelled to ac- knowledge that he had telegraphed to his neighbor: \The king has just arrived,\ and that the answer he had received ran thus: -The king pokes his nose into everything!\ The result of this cheerful message is not given, but from the char- acter of old King John, we may infer that the sender was treated to something more than a \bad quarter of an hour.\ ass• -•-sell MAXIMS OF CARDINAL DE RETZ. Some of the most celebrated aphorisms ever given to the world are those of Car- dinal De Retz. As a writer the fame of De Retz rests upon the \Memoirs a \most striking and brilliant work.\ But his maxims have their value, as the re- flections which a great and able man formed from long experience and prac- tice in great business. This was Lord Chesterfield's opinion, and he acids: 'They are true conclusions, drawn from facts, not from speculation.\ We subjoin a few of them: \Weak men never yield at the proper time.\ \There are no small steps in great af- fairs.\ \I am persuaded that greater qualities are required to form a good party leader than to form an emperor of the universe; and that in the order of the qualities which compose him, resolution should walk hand in hand with judgment—I mean heroic judgment, the principal use of which is to distinguish the extraordin- ary from the impossible.\ - Upon men of small understanding nothing makes so deep an impression as what they do not understand.\ \When fear rises to a certain bight it produces the same effect as temerity. Fear never applies the proper remedy.\ \We should never play with favor; we can't too closely embrace it when it is real, nor fly too far from it when it is Use.\ A trimly e n o lai nfi l d NN e s -h i o n a d n is y tr o u n s e ts .., himsell never \Men never believe others can do what they cannot do themselves.\ \The effects of weakness are inconceiv- able, and I maintain that they are far vaster than those of the most violent pas- sions.\ \I have remarked that ill-founded en -1 'pities are ever the most obstinate. The ' reason of this is clear. As offenses of that kind exist only in the imagination, they never fail to grow and swell in that receptacle, too fruitful in evil fancies.\ \To commonplace people the extra- ordinary appears possible only atter it has been executed.\ 110.-11-••411- A NEW FISH—SUBSTITUTE FOR TROUT. It has long been an acknowledged fact that trout are dying out In our streams and fast becoming extinct. As the coun- try becomes more thickly settled the trout are rapidly caught up, and owing to the presence of dams and other arti- ficial obstructions they are driven from their spawning grounds, and are thus unable to replenish their depleted num- bers. Pisciculturists have long been seeking for some fish more hardy than the trout to take its place, and have found it, as they believe, in the \grayling.\ a fish similar in all respects to trout, which abounds in Europe, but which until re- cently was supposed not to be indigenous to this country. As yet, however, the grayling has been found in but one stream In this country—the Au Sable river in Michigan. Seth Green, being confident that this fish is destined to play an im- portant part in stocking our exhausted trout streams, sent to Michigan for spec- imens, and has received two fine gray- lings from D. 11. Fitzhugh, of Bay City. Mr. Fitzhugh writes that they are abun- dant in Au Sable river. He took these specimens with a fly, and could have made a good day's sport at the business had he felt disposed. Mr. Green has ex- annned this fish and finds it identical with the old country grayling. If it proves to be a spring -hatching fish as is believed to be the case, it will naturally be more hardy than the trout, and therefore well adopted to take its place in the streams where the latter can no longer propagate its snecies. This is an important discov- ery, as it will save the trouble of going to Europe for these fish, and demonstrates at the same time that the species will breed and flourish in our waters. Seth Green will visit the Au Sable river at the proper time and make preparations to experiment with the grayling.—Sun. as.--•—ost LADY LAWYERS. About the year 1776, Nicolas Linguet, the celebrated Parisian journalist and lawyer, was at the bight of his fame. He enjoyed a great reputation fisr his skill in getting up eases, and for surrounding them with such dramatic accessories as were likely to tell on the minds of excita- ble French judges. One day, a beautiful lady, Madame de Buthane, came to ask his professional services in an action about some land, which she wished, to bring against the Marshal Duke de Brog- lie, great grand -father of the present min- ister. Linguet had scarcely heard her to an end, when he said : \You are so lovely, madame, that your face is worth a speech in itself. What I'll do is this : I will write you a speech, and you shall learn it by heart and then rehearse it to me. When you deliver it in court you must be dressed in a light blue silk, the color most suited to your style of beauty ; and if you speak as I shall direct you, I day any bench of Frenchmen to rind for the defendant.\ The event proved that Linguet knew human nature and his own countrymen well. Madame de Bethune turned out the most apt of scholars. She learned her speech thoroughly, and she deliv- ered it with all the graces of style and manner that might have belonged to a finished actress. It lasted seven hours, and for seven hours she held her judges enthralled. Midway in the speech, and probably with gallant care for the lady's fatigue they adjourned to dinner, but it was al- ready pretty evident which way the judgment inclined. Irascibility would seem indigenous to the De Broglie fam- ily. During the interval that the sitting was suspended, the marshal sought out Linguet in the Pleaders' Ikll, and shak- ing his cane in his face, cried angrily : -Just make your client speak her own words and not yours, Master Linguet, or it will be the worse for you—do you hear?\ Linguet bowed low, and replied, with ready wit: -My lord, you have taught Frenchmen never to fear their enemies, and I mean to remember the lesson.\ The delicate piece of flattery, we need scarcely say, more than counterbalanced the unpalatable determination it con- veyed. For we hear of no unpleasant consequences to Maitre Linguet, and we are told that the beautiful Madame de Bethuee carried her suit without a dis- senting voice. What will befall the lords of creation when we have lady lawyers as well as lady physicians? FOOLISH WAGERS. The disposition to make foolish wagers is always very strongly manifested in this country on the eve of a general election. Carried away by the enthusiasm of the moment men—so-called solid men—have been found agreeing to perform feats, in the event of the failure of their candi- dates, that would better accord with the character of the clown in a circus. Wheeling an opponent in a barrow through a public thoroughfare, to the in- tense admiration of the small boys, as a penalty of ill -success, has met with con- siderable favor. Riding the loser of a wager round a bar -room on \ail -fours,\ like a donkey, has also been much ap- proved of; and we have occasionally heard of cases in which bachelors, with- out any well-defined notions of the duties and responsibilities of married life, have agreed, if not released from the obliga- tion by the success of their nominees, to go into other districts than those in which they resided, call at each house, ask if it contained marriageable ladies, and if so, whether they would be willing 1 to unite in wedlock with the persons seekiu,g the information. row, these stns. eral forms of wagers, while they tend to place young and old men in very ridicu- lous positions, are, at the same time, not calculated to be fatal to those indulging them. They have, however, the effect of making foolish persons more foolish, and in this way lead to deplorable results. Not long ago there was reported the case ofa coal miner, who had made a wager with a friend that he would walk six miles, after a day's work, and drink hall a gallon of whisky before going to bed. The unfortunate man drank the whisky. and was found lead on the following morning. A case similar in its nature occurred at a hat factory in Orange, N. J., a few days ago. One of the employes. a man forty-five years of age and the father of a family, made a wager with his employer that he would drink a pint of whisky and a half gallon of lager -beer within an hour. He drank the whisky and beer, started for home immediately afterward, and appeared before his family in condition. At 6 o'clock next morning he wes dead. The owner of the factory, of course, had no idea that what he es- teemed a first-rate joke would end so miserable. And thus it was with the coal -miner's \friend and all who have been concerned in wagers that have had a like termination. If men who spend time in arranging the preliminaries for such foolish experiments would only pause for a moment and think of the possible consequences, we can hardly be- lieve that they would consent to run the risk they do.—New York Times RESPIRATION ON ASCENDING MOUN TA INS.. According to careful experhnents made by Mr. Lortet. in the valley of Chamo- unix, up to a height of about 13,000 feet the respiration is but little troubled, if the precautions are taken of walking with the head low, to diminish the orifices of the air passages, of keeping the mouth shut and breathing through the nose, and of sucking some small substance, as a nut or stone, to increase the salivary secretion. Above this height, the respi- ration becomes hurried, even to 36 a min- ute, and difficult, the feeling being as if the pectoral muscles had become stiff, and the ribs were encased; the amount of air which passes through is much less than in the valley, and the amount of oxygen for the purification of the blood is very small. The pulse, says Lorter, increased from 64 to 100. according to al - titude, and is febrile and weak, the arter- ies feeling almost empty ; the rapid cir- culation of the blood in the lungs adds to the insufficient oxygenation arising from rarefaction of the air, the veins be- come swollen, and there is invariably ex- perienced a heaviness in the head and sleepiness, due to imperfect aeration of the blood. A PIACER MINING MACHINE. Mr. La Niece, of San Bernardino, has invented a \Dry- Wash Machine,\ which is thus described in the Guardian, of the 14th inst : \It is composed of a hopper, a cylinder about three feet in length, two feet in diameter in the end next the hop- per, and three feet in diameter on the out- side end; a screen about one foot beneath the cylinder; a table about a foot beneath the screen ; a trough suspended to and beneath the table, and a fan behind and attached to the table. The placer dirt is put into the hopper, from which it is passed to the cylinder. The cylinder be- ing smaller at the inside end than the outside, \sheds its own refuse,\ or in other words, the coarse dirt all passes from it to the ground, the line dirt, con- taining the precious \sand falls on the screen, which is kept continually in mo- tion, thus helping the gold to free itself, from the screen the fine dirt falls on the table, also continually ill 'notion, and from the table, it is passed into the trough containing the quicksilver. During this shifting process, the fan is kept continu- ally turning in such a manner that it blows a current of air constantly across the table towards the trough, thus blow- ing even the slightest particles of dust right into the trough and quicksilver. The machine is about six feet high, four feet long, and weighs about 150 pounds. It cats be taken apart and packed in a small compass, inside of five minutes. Of course, as its name indi- cates, it is intended for use in dry -placer mines, where water cannot be procured. If the invention works according to the expectations formed of it, it will certainly enrich its ingenious originator. SUGGESTIVE FACTS. We find in the Boston Globe a refer- ence to the report of the Railroad Com- missioners of Michigan, which contains some fact of interest. Thus, on the 1st of January, it is said that there were 3,300 miles of railroad in operation in the State, valued at $115,000,000. That would give an average of about $35,000 per mile, which is probably $15,000 a mile more than they cost. But we have not half that number ot miles in operation, yet the cost is said to have been fully fifty per cent. more! The population of Michi- gan is about double that of California. Most of its railroads, like ours, run over a level country. The paragraph from which the above information is gathered does not give the rates of fare and freight. It says, however, that they are lower than in most of the other States, and are but a little over one-third of what they were in 1864. This may account for two facts -- the extraordinary progress of Michigan and the comparative quiet which has reigned on the railroad question. None but tyros in railroading insist upon high rates and intricate and discriminating tariffs.—San Francisco Bulletin. There are forty Granges of the Patrons of Husbandry in Colorado, and representing a membership of 2,000. The tariff on snuff is fifty cents a pound, This makes it mighty expensive to enessee- THE MADISON IAN,. —13— PUBLIMIUD EVERT SATITILD t 1 . —AT— Virginia City, - - itontaz. . THOMAS OEYARMON Editor and Proprietor: Papers ordered to any address 4Nali be changed to another - address attis option of the socscriber. Remittance by draft, check, mane v order or registered letter mai beseu at our risk. THE MADISONIAN is devoted to as advocacy of time principles of the Democratic: party and to general and local news. The Saint Louis Railway Register say,: \Mining in the United States has about got through with the diseases and trouts les of infancy. and is ecoming a stroll . - and healthy industry. It will doienlesa still be subject to numerous fevers and occasionly chills; but the vitality of ha maturity can neither be burnt out by th - one, nor frozen out by the other.\ a. SINGING FOR HER BRE D --- YOUNG MOTHER'S BLIG wimp LIFE. (From the New York Daily Graphic.) A little Italian woman, with a chilti lu her arms, hurried through the gate ee the Roosevelt street ferry-houee last even- ing, and a moment later was searesly di-- cernable in the dark shadow of the cor- ner in which she sought shelter. She was illy clad, and the major portion of the thin, bright -colored shawl that cov- ered her head and shoulders was wrap- ped lovingly about the babe in her arms. Her dress of calico was worn, faded and patched in places until the original pattern was little more than a patch it- self; yet there were no tattered ends, no rags. The child nestled close to the mother and babbled in a subdued man- ner. scarcely audible a few feet away. When the boat entered the slip the moth- er was the first to go on board. Well dressed men and women, and children clothed in garments of rich, warm text- ure fided the cabins, and the little Ital- ian women attracted no attention, but remained crouched in the further es:flier of the forward cabin, probably Unseen by more than the two or three persona mmediately surrounding her. llardly had the boat left the slip when the chat- ter incident to a public conveyance was arrested by the singing of the first lines of the ballad, \Kathleen Mavourneen.\ A moment later men ceased reading their papers and listened. All eyes were turn- ed to the insignificant figure in the dark corner. When the last words had been sung a perfect storm of applause was. &th- en, and in reply the woman sang one of her own native airs, a ballad plaintive and touching, of one whose home and friends were tar away, while she, the mournfully called on the sea to give back her dead. Her voice was marvellously sweet and clear, mutt i the air, rendered as it was with subdued stress, was very effective. Several women sobbed aloud, while there were not a few men present who coughed suspiciously and turned their faces aside for a mo- ment, using their handkerchiefs very en- ergetically. That woman left the cabiu richer by a score of dollars, for as she glided through the crowd with outstretch- ed palm, bank notes and loose change were pressed into her hands in lieu of the pennies usually cast to mendicants, for she was a beggar. She related her story subsequently to a gentleman, who in- quired into her life. She was educated for a public singer in her native city, Genoa. Her father was a choris'er of a popular church. Four years ago she fell in love with an American who was visiting Genoa. Her father opposed the attention of the tourist, who he said was dissipated. It was the old story from that point. She fled with her lover, and a few months later he deserted her. By selling her jewelry she paid an emigrant passage to New York. Her baby was born on board of the ship. She searched the streets for the man she believed was her husband till she had no hope lefi. Even if she found him he might repulsi. her. Her baby was sick, and in devo- ting herself to its care she had lost her work. Now she was a beggar. No, she would not give her name; her friends should never know her fate. - NOT A GOSSIP. Scandal would be rare if everybody were like the Mohammedan official to whom Mr. Layard, the Eastern explorer, wrote for some statistics of the city iL which he lived. The official's reply ran as follows: \My Illustrious Friend and Joy of my Liver: The thing you ask of me is both difficult and useless. Although I have passed all my days in this place. I have neither counted the houses. nor have I inquired into the number of inhabitants; and, as to what one person loads on his mules and the other stows away in the bottom of his ship, this is no business of mine. But, above all, as to the previous history of this city. God only knows the amount of dirt and confusion that the infidels may have eaten before the com- ing of Islam. It were unprofitable for us to inquire into it. 0 my soul! 0 my lamb! seek not after the things which concern thee not, Thou comest unto us, and we welcome thee. Go in peace.\ FIREMAN KING KoFrrx. The real fire -king is King Koffee of Ashantee. The little war benveesm Ashantee and England has broueht t , t light the fact that there is a King xvlso is not too much stuck up in royalty to rur with the machine. It is said King Koffee has a passion for fires. He is time chief of the fire department of his eapitel of Coomassie, and allows no one to beat him running to a fire. He breaks up a council of state at the first alarm of a conflagration, and treats putting out fires as the most important business c,f his kingdom. In one respect it is. Ili; capital is not very large and his smuhjN'tr. are very lazy. He knows they sseml I allow the town to burn down if they did not have the incentive to work under the. eye of their king. He is more istercsrts1 iu saving his capital than anybody else, and it was absolute necessity that mat le him a fireman. So in King honk's dominions when the fire 'boys are called up out of bed by an alarm they are uot detained by the putting on pantaloons. King and all make a straight elloot tbr the light which makes their darkness Vis- ible. ----sessme-sosla Standing collars for ladies leiel • !ss i'aet they are getting their clie:sr