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• 7 _ — ••• 8, ts d. • y A N . all C our o sell y so- pub - fly ' at te e dare' ieh eh as ted, • un- e and aud R, A. fall •tur- er. ifee- of ; (Idle le i3 g I de- je g , -2e ler, re* , rT• re\ and per !bat THE MADISONI AN. SATURDAY. MAY 23, 1874. 4 0 •Trirrerrtro doors West from Wells, Far- go& L e's'. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. it iott r eo eiii i t n h v, , ttn 4. ee ADVERTISING RATES. THE MADISONIAN, as an advertising is equal to any paper in Montana. • tech ..... I echee 3 leches 4 Inches 6 Inches isa Inches af, Inches x po- CC IC <1,4 v*C ata .14 4.) $3 $5 5 8 7 10 18 30 9 11 12 24 40 $7 $8 $10 $15 $20 $2.5 9 10 12 20 30 40 11 12 15 25 37 55 12 14 17 30 45 70 15 18 24 38 65 90 30 34 40 53 90 140 50 55 65 i3 150 2.50 --Prm . 7177=ezae of prices is for ordinary sin- gle -column, display advertising. Sofia and iebular iuivertiseinents will be charged at the ;ssela rate fur space occupied. LOCAL NOTICES, eents per line for first, and ten cents we tine for each additional ireiertion. CARDS, Oac-hair inch, Ss for ose inise-tiou ; 3 for ewe ia521 as per quarter; sit; par y ear. 7.`e foregoing Bch:dote or paiess be sr.. adhered to. alvertisements ccented in Nenpareil a co JPIELENrrusT Ur, e; eve -y description, exeneted. in the best said ne: test iltsle. and on retisonable terms. III7X17SPAPER DECISIONS. 1. Any else who takes a paper regularly from the Peetoftice—whether directed to his name or ar eitbitr's, or whether he has subscribed or not —:- responsible for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, t_ r •Ist pay all arrearages, or the publisher ro ‘v continue to send it until payment is made, the whole amount, whether the pa- per taken from the office or not. Tiae courts have decided that refusing to tie- - the newspaners or periodicals from the P.; ,to - ce- .:e.noviee od leaving . them . un- called tvr, iinajaciat eviocuce ot intention- al fraud. I r r \\ - \ T ONAL. •... •••••••••.•••• Coeustlor at Law. F.a.:: - ...-berg,2:ontana Territory. r \ P l• • ? SO • 11 . j .0 VEC*: . .: I F . if : L I .1 3; S, Coura:3Ior at Law, VOL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MON - TANA, SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1874. NO. 28. ]P E 7E9Eit - 11( s' AND I LOVED YOU BETTER THAN YOU KNEW.\ ANONYMOUS IN THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY. It was in the Autumn of the year The strawberry leaves were red and sere - October's airs were fresh and chill, When, pausing on the windy hill— The hill whieh overlooks the sea, You talked conlidingly to me; Me, whom your keen, artistic sight Has not vet learned to read aright, Since I have veiled my heart from you, And loved you better than you knew. You told me of your toilsome past, Tne tardy honors won at last; The trials borne, the conquests gained; The longed -for boon of fame attained; 1 knew that every victory But lifted you away from me; That every step of high ernprise, But left me lowlier in your eyes; I watched the distance as it grew, And loved you better than von free -- You did not see the bitter trace Of anguish sweep across my fstoe; You did not hear my proud heart beat Heavy and low beneath your . feet; You thought of trivmphs still unWon, Of glorious deeds s et undone, And I. the while you talked to Me, I watched the gulls fioat lonesomely Till lost amid the hungry blue; And loved you better than you knew. You walk the sunn7 sh.le of fate; The wide world smiles and calls you great; The golden fruitage of success Drops at your feet in plenteousness, And you have blessings manifold; Renewa l and friends, and gold; They build a wall between us twain, That may not be thrown down again; Alas! for I the long years through Have loved you better than you knew. Your life's proud aim, your artrk high truth Have kept the promise of your youth And while you won the crown which now Breaks into bloom upon y our brow, My soul cried strongly out to you Across the ocean's yearning blue, While unremembered and afar, I watched you al 1 watch a star Through darkness struggling into view, And loved you better than you knew. I use4 te dream in all these years Of patient faith and silent tears, That love's strong hand would set aside The barriers of place aud pride; Would reach the pathless darkness through And draw me softly up to you; But that is past—if you should stray \ &aide my grave some twatre Clay, Perhaps the violets o'er my dust Will helf betray their buried trust, And say, their blue eyes tilled with dew, ijelLst - lAms. i sae lvved you better than you knew. j OF2-2-2 over VI.\ t °filter. rd. J. .. CA' LAV.73, ' ' 3 ! y Lind C Law. CITY, - ...:C1CTANA. 4): 7, ail i k'aing the °Lice of the Secre- tary of the Territory N. W. TOOLI:.. -I. K. Tooldt. Tr 3LZ * t TCOLE. ttz- eyi3 at La.Nv-. MICNT.1. 4 .11A. Vei!. re-I.:lice in 111 the Courts of Montana. J1. T. STI0EER. T. S. LOWERY. St:OBE3 & LOWERY, ...;1s.ttasasestatisys4 ctca i--, - qors at Law. rz. T. wr2tLico all the Courts of Montane. S.\;.:UEL .Attorn3y VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. JAMESG. SPRATT, Attorney and Coun- selor at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, 21ONTANA. pr...etice iu all the Cearts of Montana. s.‘\ . W . HILL. latc)rney at Law, GALLATIN CITY, N. T. r. SANDERS, .A.t-torney and COu.n- Isz.:--Jr at Law. 1.:.ailrrf., NI. T. Nsrilh.::• ,- ,tice in all ec arts cf Record Mont.i.na. T.:7•E SUPPER. \;And wh-n they nad sung a hymn'they went into the : ount of Olives \ Whet sok7 Egr•.g. the twelve with the Saviour When finished the Sacrament win.o Were they bowed and subdued in behaviour, a . - Or bold as made bold with a sign? Were the hairy breasts strong and defiant? Were the naked arias brawny and strong? Were the bearded lips lifted reliant, Thrust forth and fall sturdy with soug? What sang they? What sweet song of Zion, With Christ in their midst like a crowes While here sat Saint Peter, the lion; And there, likt a lamb, with head down, Sat Saint John, with his silken and raven Rich hair or. his shoulders, and eyes Lifting up to the faces unshaven Like a sensitive child in surprise. Was the song as strong fishermen swinging Their nets, full of hope, to the sea? Or low, like the ripple wave, singing Sea -songs on their loved Galilee? Were they sad with foreshadows ot sorrows Like the birds that sing low when te, eieeze In tip -toe with a tale of to -morrows - Of earthquak.es and sinkin g of seas? Ah! soft was their song as the waves are That fall le low musical moans; iller. And sad I should say as the_tv i ii , e 4 1 1, s tu a i r . e , That blow by the white gravestones. THE MUSIC OF THE SPHERES. BT • NAPIER anoOma. TO—. An oval moon floats low and pale Beneath a sky of matchless stars; lIeaven's warriors close their ranks of mail, And alruest clash teeir ehiuing cars! The chorus of those conquering hosts— The songs their marching legions raise— Were heard as far ass earth's dim coasts, 'Tis said by men of ancient days. For us that music sounds no more, We long nnei lieten—all in vain! And life would - be a silent shore, But fur one witching mortal strain. I hear it now! for love's bright heaven Reigns cloudlees in my breast to -night. Sweet thought uf thee, like ster-beams, leaven The darkness through and through with light. Proud hopes and memories shine and roll O'er coaling and o'er bygone years, • 'Still 'nquiring,\ to my listning soul A very musk of the spheres! Ah! how they multiply their beams, in Till night comes as bright as day ; Their glorious heaven, how close It seems! How real is each reflected ray! ,IM11••••••••••• . . TURNER, .A - NT yr! esialia. CITY, X. T. • 0: Adjoining Colonel WM. F. K I R KWOOD Attorney at Law, VIRGINIA CITY. Gan be found at Judge iipratt's office or: Pro- bate Court Rooms. W di practice in ad the Courts of the Territory. GEORGE CALLAWAY, IT I). Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, Id NTANA. GFFICE, at the Law Offiee ofJ. E. Cella- Eeq. • until further notice. I. C. SMITH, M. D., physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. entice at the 4)1d Le Beau Stand, Wallace Street, where he can be found night or day E. T. YAGER, -M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. will practice in all branches. °Bice one door abw.e the City Drug :Store. H. B. BARKLEY, M. D. Physician & Surgeon. RADERSBURG, M. T. TI AS had twenty-one years' experience in in his professien—four years of that time a !itrgeon in the Confederate army . He is pre- pared to perform all kinds of surgery. IN FEMALE COMPLAINTS, his expe- rience is nut surpassed by any physician in the Territory. TO THOSE WHO HAVE VENEREAL COMPLAINTS. -Gonorrhea, if called upon within five days after the first appearance, he will cure in seventy-two hours. In Syphilis, he will cure in five days. His treatment different from any physi- zian in this Territory. Ile is prepared for Cleansing, Extracting, and Filling Teeth. D. F. 0 G DEN, L. D. S., DIEN - rTISP. 'Wallace Street Virginia Cityslii.T. Yet love's own plenet is not there,• Her Venus, large; and close and clear, Wili only blees the earth and air, Will only rise when thou art near. When thy dear eyes, like gentle stars, Shine through my happy, happy tears; When thy sweet-sounduig voice unbars Its prison music in mine ears; When at thy softly -murmuring lips, And on thy breathing, beating breast, I drink the eeehanzed cup that dips The draught which laps the heart to rest. —Cornhill Magazine. A company - of New York capitalists have purchased large tracts of lands in the Se- queatohie valley, Tennessee, for the pur- pose of erecting iron works. It is believed with the ad% antages possessed by the ore of this valley that iron can be manfactured I at 8 to 10 per cent less than in Pennsylva_ nia. In the same district there are also large deposits of coal. The amount of contributions in money received by Mayor Wiltz, of New Orleans, for the relief of Louisiana sufferers by the dood, was. on Sunday morning last, $101,- 90. Of this Boston alone contributes #31,500. This calculation has no reference to provisions or clothing sent by govern- ment or individuals. ees--•--sas The region of country extending from Indianola along the line of the railroad to- wards San Antonio is infested by armed bands of cattle thieves. Immense herds are gathered by the depredators and driven in the direction of Kansas. The planters and ranchruen are arming in self-defense. see--as-er And now it appears that a lion buried Living - stone in Westminster Abbey. Some years ago a sprightly lion sprang upon the doctor and broke his arm, which, from the absence of skillful surgery, to the day of his death remained ununited. On exami- nation of the body by Sir M. Ferguson, the face was wholly unrecognizable, and in- deed the only par: of the remains which could be identified was the arm with frac- tured bones. So, if the distinguished how- adgi had not had the good fortune to be bushwhacked and slightly smashed up by a lion, the chances are that the members of the Royal Geographical Society would have hesitated about taking his remains in and doing for them as they did. See how small a thing can turn the key of fate to open the door of Westminster Abbey. ase-le-ess - The New York Times paid Bret Harte 1400 for the \ Rose of Touluinne , ” seamiamsw SCENE IN COURT. \Is that you ?\ inquired his honor, as Catharine Shay was brought out. \I wish it wasn't,\ she replied, folding her arms across her apron, and carefully studying the knot -holes in the floor. \Well let the swearer swear,\ he con- tinued, as the officer held ap his right hand, \and as soon as we get at the facts in the case you can tell whether you've got to pay rent this summer, or whether you'll get your board for nothing.\ It was disturbing the peace. She dis- turbed it just a little -just a little, she ad- mits, but it was all on account of another woman who called her a grass -widow and tannted her with wanting to marry, There was no whooping or 3 elling-no sae- senses.- down stairs, and Catharine wouldn't do so again tor eee she says. \Catharine continued the court, se lie carefully poised the penholder on his finger and got it to balance, \you are growing old. Upward of sixty years of struggle with the world have made your hair gray, your cheeks kollow and your eyes dim. You can't expect to live many years longer, and why don't you go home, sit down in a splint -bottom chair, lug out your clay pipe and calmly drift down the river of contentment to the ocean of eternal happiness?\ Catharine squeezed several tears out of her left eye, and they fell with a thud upon the floor. \Go poor old woman,\ continued the court, \go home and be happy. It af- fects me to see the aged cheek trickling down the briney tear, and if I should send you to the workhouse I couldn't ex- pect to get a taste of strawberries and cream this summer.\ A KNIFE AND PISTOL BATTLE. The Italians of Baltimore have a con- genial sensation which gives them pleas- urable excitement. It is something of a national character to talk about and pride themselves upon as happening in Balti- more. They are two Itzeian vessels in that port, manned by Italian sailors. The other day a sailor from one of them visi- ted a sailor on the other, and had some conversation in English. The mate of the vessel reminded them of their nativi- ty by retharking in a reproving way, \We speak Italian here.\ The visitor shut up his right hand, all except the little linger, which he pointed at the mate. This crooking of the little linger contained some gross Italian insult, which sent mhe mate down stairs after his pistol. The other man drew a long knife, saw that it was in order, and left the ship. The mate followed hint ashore, and a desperate ngns 0... wnari we twilight. The mate shot several times, but the other continued fig -wi n o with hia knitt), SIN ha th.e eystses ders could not tell whether any eflective shots or stabs had passed or not. For a long time neither combatant abated vig- or. The pistol tighter seemed to have more than one pistol. The knife fighter did not appear to be even jorred by any of the shots. There was a good deal of running among the barrels and bales and at length the pistol fighter tired his last shot, and threw his pistol at the other. The men now clinched, but the knife hand was getting ‘veak. The man fell, and expired in a few minutes. The mate was very much cut up, and the knife and pistol, and all the idle Italians in town have been in court. They got so much excited, or inspired in giving their evidence in soft Italian, and telling about the brisk battle of the knife and the pistol, that these articles were placed very far out of their reach, as they wished to gesticulate with the veritable tools in their hands. ems --•---mat• Romances of the war are still occasion- ally looked up by the spectacles of reality and get into the papers. Evansville, Ind., has just brought one to light. It is about an old Kentueky slave woman who was sold South twenty-eight years ago and eparated from her four-yvar-old son, who remained with her former master. The war prevented further scatteration of families, but it has taken peace a long time to bring time scattered ones together. This mother wanted to see her four -year - old again, but it took her years to work her way up from the cotton fields into the blue grass country. She made it in time, and found everything changed about her old home and new people dwellers therein. But she continued her search until she found lier 1) Ol_tut .ravansveac, iseaeed that Willis Green, her boy, was alive and in town. The old woman convinced Willis Green that he was her son by telling him that his little finger had been cut off by his master while hewing out a trough. That was the way the finger was lost and it had not grown again, and Willis Green clasped his old mother. Twenty-eight years is a long time to wait for such a meeting, but still it pays. The recent convention of colored men at Nashville seems to have been con- trolled by a spirit of unreasoning preju- dice. It will have the effect of arrayieg in direct social and political antagonism the two races. The convention demands: That no public school shall be established unless the white and colored children shall be admitted alike ; that in hotels, on railroads and steamboats, no distinct- ion arising on a question of color shall be made. This of course is but a reflex of the civil-rights bill in Congress. but the impossibility, of the people of Tennessee agreeing to any such terms is a foregone conclusion. aus A rich husband is like a wild Buffalo, excessively difficult to catch, and excess- ively disagreeable when you have caught him. Leave ten million -dollar men to foolish girls who don't know better ; do you be satisfied with a one million -dollar man. It is said that Jeff'Davis' book on the war wilt shortly be publishes' ta ,ptg- land, PUNISHMENT FOR MURDER. The late California legislature made up ite mind to give the people of that State a a practical trial of a species ot reform in criminal proceedings for capital offenees, which common-sense has long suggested should be adopted in our own State. The decision as to whether death or imprison- ment tor lite shall be the- punishment in murder eases is hereafter to be lett in California to the jury. The greatest, and indeed about the only danger apprehend- ed from the grant of this discretionary power lies in the possibility that time sympathetic impulees of the jury will practically abrogate capital punishment and reduce the measure of punishment to imprisonment. 'This perhaps will ap- i! ,, e . a . r , i s ,v v1 , 1 ,1 a: i e t ve m r .ho to st t t h ib a - t bornly oppose capital punishment tintlur with joy such an indit ect accomplishment any circtunstanees, ',sesta nau of long -expressed wishes. But even to those who fear the results of such a course it may readily be made to appear that the danger of such an event is in no manner eTeater titan the clatterer that numberless criminals escape altogether their merited punishment under the arbi- trary and vigorous statutes which now exist. The same tender-heartedness which would send the murderer to the prison cell instead of the gallows, under such a law as California is about to try,is every day, under the law which we now have, giving no alternative but death or acquittal, preserving these blood -stained wretches from all punishment, and send- ing them abroad among good people again, boastful rather than repentant that the mark of Cain rests upon their brow. Better far that the 'leek which deserves the hangman's noese should be made to bend to useful toil in the penitentiary, than that one singlered-handed criminal should go unwhipt of justice. -St. Louis Republican. POSTAL TELEGRAPHY IN GREAT BRITIAN. Postal telegraphy under governmental control, for which our very worthy post- master -general, Mr. Creswell, has been striving, lo, these many years, don't seem to be quite so lovely abroad as it has been painted, It has been the source of considerable loss to the British govern- ment since they went into the business, the balanee on the:wrong . side of the le:Ig- er, malting up an average of a thousand pounds a week. It should be remarked, however, that a considerable portion of this loss is attributable to a most remark- able blunder in the legislation fixing the rates for the trausmission of messages. The net of parliament bearing on this subject provides for the transmission of messages to the press at the rate ()roue shilling for every 100 words and an mt.r.t3 .vbikur(140,-.90,w viernm e:?4he,.! , \\- whatever newspaper in the 17.ilt,o'l:;;, dom it might be addressed. The exira chanse was intended to cover the duplica- tion of messages to two or more papers he the same town, but the clause was so written that after the payment of the shilling per 100 words the message may be sent at the two -pence rate to a journal in the thrthest corner of the kingdom. It is decidedly encouraging to the Brit- ish rural rooster, but frightfully unprof- itable to the government. Another blun- der, of a much serious nature since it is not so easily remedied, was made in the purchases of the various telegraph com- panies' franchises. 'The government bought simply the telegraph companies rights over the lines along the railways. with the childlike belief that these rights were eternal, whereas they were for limi- ted terms of years only. This blunder has not begun to tell on the national ex- chequer yet, but when these temporary leases begin to expire. enormous expen- ditures will be required for their renewal. All in all, postal telegraphy is likely to prove a costly luxury to John Bull. eme-o---sam 'The doctors said that James Davis was perfectly cured, and turned him out of the insane asylum at Augusta. Maine, and told him to go home and rave no mere. Ile went to his father's house at Stetson, Penobscot county, and the father amyl mother and sister had enough confidence in his restoration to take him in. One day he chased his sister with all uplifted axe. She eluded him and then he said it was all in hm. She lost all confidence. in him. play or no play. A few days ago the Either, Silas Davis. sev- enty-three years of age, was found lying across a sawhorse with his head cut off A. bloody axe was near, and not far off was James Davis. who acknowledged to killing the old man who he said was not his father. He had had a conversation with the old man about the matter, and as one of them had to die, the old nun agreed to be killed. So he handed him the axe, laid his head on a block and told James to strike. James struck tor the green grave ot his sire. The doctors neither know when a man's mad nor when he's cured of mental maladies. RICHES AND POVERTY. Tape. ;s s crecat difference betwixt poison and being poisoned. All apotheca- ries almost have to use it neon divers oc- casions; but yet they are not poisoned, because they have not poison in their bodies, but in their shops; so thou mayest have riches without being poisoned by them, if thou keep them in thy purse, or in thy house, and not •in thy heart. To be rich in effect, and poor in affection, is the greatest happiness of a Christian; for he bath by that means the commodity of riches for this world, and the merit of poverty for the world to come. ri t e l he ea i s t desire ardently and solicitously th I e t which thou hast not, it is a folly to say that thou wouldst not have them unjust- ly, for thou dost not cease to be covetous for all that. If thou affect much the goods which thou hast, if thou be much troubled about them, setting 'thy heart and thoughts upon them, and fearing with a vexing and impatient fear to lose them, believe me, thou hest also some kind of fever. It is impossible to take great pleasure in anything without set- ting or affectiug too much upon it. I (dear Philothea) would put into thy heart riches and poverty together, a great care and a great contempt of tem- poral things. -De Sales. Copy was out. The '•devil\ picked up a paper and said: \Here's something 'About a Woman' -must I cut it out?\ \No!\ thundered the editor; \the first disturbance ever created in the world was occasieeted by the devil fooling about a woman,\ Extraordinary Shipment of Mowing Machines, SPFCIAL TRAIN OF 30 CARS WITH FLAGS AND PLAYCARDS. e 130,000 WORTH OF MACHINERY AT ONE SHIPMENT. The Largest Shipment Ever Known. The largest shipment of mowing ma- chines and reapers ever made by one manufacturing establishment, passed through our city yeeterday, arriving by the Indianapolis and St. Louis railroad. and bound for St. Joseph, Mo. The train consisted of thirty cars packed with the 111010116 Champion mowers and reapers. in all 769 machines, valued at oec, hundred aut,a_a_11;i.ietehlaibrttorayraitite,obu.NsNtil ei tt ice sl oh : N : 1 1 .e l ad i s e tsri own ed, upon eaclt door of the ears was a large placate'. \Champion mowers and reap- ers from the Champion Machine Com- pany, Springfield, Ohio.\ Our otriosiiy being - up\ we called at the branch house of this company at 200 South 3lain street, and ascertained that this, while the largest one shiptnent for the season, is yet but aa indication what the company is now doing. Last year 18,000 machines were turned out, Mitch this year is increased to the marvelous number of 25,000 MOWERS AND REAPERS. This extraordinary shiement. with a shipment of fifteen ears made a few days ago from the factory, net over one quar- ter million of dollars for only two ship- ments. The Champion in Europe is becoming a great favorite ; as high as eleven ear loads have been shipped at one time, to one point, in Prussia. The branch house here is receiving al- most daily, large shipments of machines, which are being rapidly forwarded to the various points controlled froth St. Louis. The shipment above referred to is un- doubtedly the largest ever made by any firm, and the large number being man- ufacttired for the season, is undoubtedly the largest by far made of any one ma- chine. -St. Louis Journal. BURIAL OF LORENZO DOW - Owing to the condimmation of Holm - stead's burial ground in Washington as in the way of sanitary reforms, the re- mains of the dead buried therein had to be removed, and among them those of Lorenzo Dow, the eccentric missitinary of the last generation. A Masonic lodge in Connecticut, his native State, endeav- wan due ceriLmonies . ored to secure the privilege of reinterring . . the tirst s 'hurial hav- ing been performea tho ssas. \ :1. - et - hodist clergy of Baltimore also took steps to honor the preacher, but the Dis- trict clergy got ready first, and reburied Dow on Friday in the Rock Creek ceme- tery, in a lot given by the banker Cor- coran, who admired the strange prophet in life. The old tonib at Hohnstead's bore on a stone slab the following singu- lar inscriptions : \The repository of Lorenzo Dow, who was born at Coven- try, Connecticut, October 18, 1777 ; died, February 2, 1834, A. E 56.\ Beneath this, these phrases, dictated by himself: \A Christian is the highest style of man. He is a slave to no sect ; takes no pri- vate road ; but looks through nature up to nature's God.\ The removal of this slab revealed the remains. The skeleton was all preserved, the long, snowy beard lay in life -like naturalness upon the breast -bone, beneath which the vest was in good preservation, and fully buttoned. The right sleeve of the coat was in pres- ervation, and the greater part of the pants. The mahogany coffin had almost entirely crumbled, the largest portion. be- ing not eighteen inches long. WHAT THE MICROSCOPE RE- VEALS -WITH A MORAL. Lewenbeek tells us of insects seen with the microscope, of which 27,000,000 would only equal a mite. Insects of various kinds may be seen in the cavities of grains of sand. Mold is a forest of beautiful trees, with branches, leaves and fruit. Butterflies are fully feathered. Ifairs are hollow tubes. The surface of our bodies is covered with scales like a fish ; a grain of sand would cover one hundred and fifty of these scales, and yet a scale covers five hundred pores. Through their narrow (- • la-da wgtor through a sieve. The mite makes five hundred steps a second. Each drhp of stagnant water contains a world of animated beings, swimming with as much liberty as whales in the sea. Monate Have a care as to the air you breathe, the food you eat, and water you drink. - Hearth and Home. Jean Revore, living in Bracken Coun- ty, Ky., is a Frenchman. He is known to be over a hundred years old, and him_ self \allows\ that he was a boy at \Brad - dock's defeat,\ in 1756, or 119 years ago. The Kentucky Yeoman say of him : \If Mr. Revore's aecount of himself be true, he is at least 130 years old, and, there- fore, by long odds the oldest man in the United States. In fact, if we except the somewhat apocryphal Brazilian who claims to be about 170, Mr. Revore is probably the oldest man in the world.\ An editor in a small town in Illinois, who attended an apple-pearing, became imbued with the whirl of society, and this is how it affected him : \We are in the midst of the season for parties, dan- cing, mirth, and festivity. The rosined hair of the horse travels merrily over the intestines of the agile cat evoking music to which the impatient feet trip gaily upon the 12001:\ AS the Georgetown coach was on its way down yesterday, and when opposite Good's about four miles out, it was caught in a whirlwind and turned bottom side up, with its load of living contents. Fortunately none of the passengers were seriously in- jured. The coach was disabled by the breaking of an axletree, and the lead horses broke loose and ran away. Quite a num- ber of passengers were coming down, and it is singular how they escaped with so slight damage. Our mountain eycloties play serious freaks sometimes. -Denver News, May 3. TRASFUSION OF BLOOD. A reporter of the New Orleans Picayune has evidently accomplished a sensation. Near St. Bernard market, in this city, he discovered what appeared to be a spotted negro, but who, upon investigation, prov- ed to be a Norwegian sailor strongly in- fused with Cambodian mum!. siek in Singapore many years ago, a physician to prevent his dying of paralysis infused into his veins the blood of a Cambodian boatmau. It restored animation to his dykig• frame, renewed his lease ot life, but entailed the fe:.rful alternation of a black instead of a white skin. Since then the man has been steadily growing black, and two of his children, born since the medical experiment was made, are deeply tainted with the CambOdian blood. presenting all the characteristics of the half-breeds of that race. If the Picayune reporter's diagonosis of the case is correct, it is possible that a transfusion of blood may do for our color- ed fellow -citizens what miscegenation has failed to accomplish. The blacks ought to turn white as well as whites black. In that case the time may not be distant when all our SoUthern statesmen of the colored classes will be radiant blondes. A German correspondent of the Pall Mall Gazette writes: The cause of cre- mation is making further progress. The furnace intended for the experimental burn- ing in Dresden, is to be completed in a few weeks. Meanwhile, a cremation society has been formed in Vienna, under the appro- priate title of 'The 1.7m -n,' and has obtain- ed the government's consent for instituting similar experiments. The furnace to be built in Vienna will be after the design of Prof. Reelam, of Leipsig. 'The Uurn' has a goodly roll of members to show already, and every day is said to witness additions. In Zurich, Swiss papers affirm, cremation is more spoken of and excites greater otten- tion and zeal than even the proposed revis- ion of the Federal Constitution, upon which the vote is to be shortly taken.\ In the United States the discount is from 10 to 12 per cent; Austri. 10; Greece. 12; Italy, 11; Russia, 16; Cuba, 44; Hayti, 9n. The Republic of Hayti has $300,000,000 of paper money; the value in maket is 250 pa- per dollars for one coin dollar. In :Ian - .<0,11\14. Or frOWL ts els per cent on the new paper money, latest issos• ss , e•ss o s e 1 - 1111 , \ credit notes,\ is received by the govern- ment at the rate of $30 to every silver dol- lar; and another, \ Treasury notes,\ still earlier, is taken at the official rate of $400 to $1 of silver. In the two latter countries there has been, what it is proposed to have in the United States, an issue of different kinds of paper money. If facts like these do not make their mark, then Congress and the President are indeed incorrigible. - N. Y. Express. sess-e-- A diagram of the flooded country in the states of Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisi- ana shows an extent of fourteen thousand four hundred square miles, or a bit of land four hundred and eighty miles long and thirtywide, An overflow so extensive and destructive is without precedent in the his- tory of the Mississippi valley. The dam- ages to growing crops and property in gen- eral are variously estimated and from fif- teen to twenty million dollars. BEN BUTLER AS A JOURNALIST. A large English capitalist, a ship -build- er on the Clyde, is searching along the South Atlantic seaboard tor a suitable place to found a large ship -building es- tablishment. He states that the growing facilities of the United States for this bus- iness will continually draw to it the en- terprise and capital now invested in Europe. Our timber suitable to that branch of art he regards as inexhaustible, while the iron interest is as rapidly devel- oped as that of Europe is declining. Under these circumstances, he thinks that American ships will soon find a ready market all over the world. •es•-•-•••• NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN. Ben Butler never misses any chance to take a clip at the newspapers, for which he has only loathing and contetnpt. Last Fri- day, he said the reason certain members opposed the Post -office deadheadism for Congressmen, was their \ fear of the howl of somebody who might get hold of a few worn-out tipe, dingy paper, and muddy ink.\ After this it is but natural we should hear that Ben proposes to create fear by by howling in a paper of his own, and we are not surprised to learn from the New York Times that he is negotiating to secure for himself sonic \ worn-out type, dingy paper, and muddy ink.\ in order that he may have a morning organ in Boston for the forthcoming campaign. Ben has here- tofore had bad luck with newspapers, of which he has, at one time and another, started at least half a dozen. His last great effort in this direction was made in the city of New York some two or llu th . r r e d e . u w n ' I e e n r h u e le es n ta l,In bl e is o h I ed in a e n i o a rgan of y B e ti a t r le s r a i g si o n ' He put $20,000 into it, hired a pale young man to be redacteur, as the French say; se - - cured for it several salid blocks of Govern- ment advertising, and gave it the benefit of his advice as to the best way of sounding the praises of his name. But it couldn't be made to go, even by the \ forty -mule edi- torial power \ which he once described, and people couldn't be tempted to read it, though it was sold for two cents, or given away for nothing, according to circum- stances. We don't beleive he'll have any better luek with his Boston howler, and if it produces no more fear than his New York howler did, it won't be worth the money he sinks into it. It is no wondsr that Ben despises an institution which has cost him so much, once and again, without eeen giving any returns. -Louisville Courier - Journal. Humboldt in his 'Cosmos,' states that the Chinese had magnetic carriages with which to guide themselves across the great plains of Tartars', one thousand years before our era, on the principle of the compass. The prototype of the steam segine has been traced to the eolipyle of Hero ot Alexandria. The Romans used movable types to mark their pottery and indorse their books. Mr. Layard found in Nineveli magnitieent lens of rock -crys- tal, which Sir D. Brewster considers a true optical lens, and the origin of the sterescope, invented by Professor Wheat- stone, was known to Euclid, described by Galen fifteen hundred years ago, and more fully in 1,500 A. D., in the works of Baptisa Porta. The Thames Tunnel, though such a novelty, WaS anticipated under the Euphrates at Babylon, and the ancient Egyptians had a Suez Canal. Such examples might be indefinitely multiplied. but we turn to photography, M. •Jorbarb, in his \Nobvelles 1865. says a translation from German into Russia, three hundred years old, which contains a clear explanation of photo- graphy. The old alchemists understood the proprieties of chloride of silver in relation to light, and its photographic action is explained by Fabsiciui in \De Rebus Metallicis,\ 15i16. The dagner- rotype process was anticipated by De la Docile in his \Giphantie 1760, though it was only the statement of a dreamer. CIVIL SERVICE nEronsit IN A NEW ASPECT. I confess, says Hffliad, that increasing years bring with them an increased re- spect for melt who do not succeed in life, as those words are commonly - used. Heaven is said to be a place for those who have not succeeded upon earth ; and it is surely true celestial grace does not best thrive and bloom in the hot blaze of worldly prosperity. III -success some- times arises from a superabundance of qualities in themselves good—from a con- science too sensitive, a taste too fasddi- ous. a self-lorgetfulness too romantic, a modesty too retiring. I will not go so far as to say, with the poet, that \the world knows nothing ot its greatest men,\ but there are forms of greatneSs or at least excellence, which \die and make no signs ,\ there are martyrs that miss the palm, but not the stake ; heroes without the triumph. A reference to civil service reform at this time is calculated to elicit nothing so much as an incredulous smile. The gener- al 3phli011 is that civil service reform had long since come to an untimely end. But it would seem that there are souse enthu- siastic gentlemen in Congress who be- lieve that something can be done in that direction yet. One of them is Mr. Wright, who has just introduced a bill on that much canvassed subject. He pro- poses to begin his civil servino 2 -. , form by g ot th s e a C, , iv p il a S ra e d n o i x c i e e: C il ° a li s im i i t ss n i° m n s .- t there is anything illogical in Islm i t eeNi t )reo t n l il t ie ; : t zi t itliiillinal The Civil Service Com mission has become somewhat like the fifth wheel to a coach. That being the case, the principle which it represents would be best illustrated by its abolition. Having got this piece of useless machinery off his hands, Mr. Wright provides for a general reduction of salaries. And then for civil service reform he gives us sn ex- amination for clerkships under the or- ders of the head of departments. and a ge- graphical distribution of the offices. We cannot say whether this is exactly the sort of civil service reform that ha.s been demanded. We are satisfied that under any system of examination that might be devised, heads of departments would have the vers, - men they wanted. Proba- bly Mr. Wright is of the opinion that all the people really require is a little bit of dramatism labelled \Civil Service Re- form.\ But there is one feature of this bill which might operate well. It pro- vides that clerkships shall be distributed according to Congressional districts. The 'shrieks of locality' are always heard with piercing distinctness in the division of the spoils. TN -re is no denying the fact that locality is in element in the dis- tribution. There can he no great harm. theretbr. in having it defined with precis- ion. It presents the question of the pub- lic patronage in a bold, prosaic manner; and that ought to make no difference, if it be true. Yet it might prove very dis- astrous to our local politicians. There is, for instance a, development of Federal lsatronage in this district greater than in a half -dozen of the interior States, for the reason that San Francisco is the onh.. port of importance on a long line of coast. Under such circumstances they would have to be stepping aside for per- sons hailing from other and remote dis- tricts. Probably some of the plunder here would fall to the lot of districts as far off as those of Kansas or Missouri. That would be galling to the men wl - .0 run our primaries and manipulate our conventions. THE MADISONIAN --18- PUBLISHED EVERV iiii1117111DAT, -AT-- Virginia City, - - N•atass. THOMAS DEYARMON, Editor and Proprietor. Papers ordered to any address ean be changed to another address sake option of' the sueseriber. Remittance by dean. cheek. Malley order or registered letter mfay boons* at our risk. THE XADISONIAN is devoted to the advocacy of file principles of the Dernocratie party and ta send and locel news. AN ELOPEMENT IN HIGH LIFE AT FITCHB17RG, BIAS& The suburban city of Fitchburg has been excited for a day or two with ru- mors of an elopement of the first class. The facts, sifted down, are said to be that Charles A. Nichols, of the firm of J. & C. A. Nichols, father and son, has eloped with Mrs. Irene G. Ware, the leading sophrano singer of the city. Mrs. Ware left this city on Monday. ostensibly for a few weeks' visit among friends in Cana- da. Mr. Nichols lett on Tuesday. stating that he was going to Boston on business. Before starting he agreed to meet Mrs. 1Vare in Boston, butt the latter failed t(s find him at the designated place. Nothe ing further was heard from either Mr. Nichols or Mrs. Ware until letters mailed at Winchester, on May 7, arrived in this city. Both letters were similar in tone ;- that from Mr. Nichols to his wife, father, mother, and sister, expressing sadness on thus leaving home, friends, and all. The letters give no clue as to their present whereabouts, but seek to excuse their conduct. by the plea that life was unen- durable except in each othet's company. Mr. Nichols was about 24 years of age, and:leaves behind a wilts a daughter of Mr. Nehemiah Apton, of Gardner, a fath- er, mother, and sister. He is a fine play- er both on brass and string instruments', and is well know in all sills section. The rumor that Mr. Nichols drew from his father's bank account before leaving is untrue. In his letter he says he has not taken a cent from his father, and the let- ter corroborates the statement. As tar as can be ascertained he left Fitchburg with about $400. The nearest friends believe that the pair have gone to the Western States,per- haps to California. Mrs. Ware is the wife of F. D. Ware, a grocer of this city, and has been for several years considered the leading so - prima singer in this vicinity. Time parties to the elopement have kept up a considerable degree of intimacy for several months past. Indeed, it is only about four weeks since Mr. Ware, sus- pecting something wrong, ordered Nich- ols to discontinue his visits to Mrs. Ware; but subsequently the quarrel ssas healed, and the too confiding husband has been thus foully wronged. INDIANA JUSTICE HARD UP. Justice appears to be not only blind in Boone County, Indiana, but to be reduced to an extraordinary condition of impe- cuniosity. It had a very noted criminal to try, but it concluded to let her go be- cause 01 tho expense of the proceeding. It is true that the criminal did not prop- erly belong to Boone County. She came to it on a change of Willie. Boone Coun- ty was performing a fuuction for which the native place of Mrs. Clem was be- lieved to be incapable by reae011 of its prejudices. But one would suppose that local pride would lead to the concealment of its judicial poverty in such a case, more earnestly than in one of home pro- duction. There is, to be sure, an allega- tion that an important witness had died, and that others had gone to California, but it was evidently a make -weight. The real fact was the want of funds. If this cramped condition of the finances should continue, there would be a chance tor a good store of business for Boone county. There is no County in Indiana which would present such attractions as that in changes of venue. And what would there be in this different from the action of the State at large, which long main- tained on its statute -book a loose law of divorce, for no other purpose, apparently, but to attract the matrimonially dissatis- fied. and furnish business to its lawyers ? But at the same time it must be said that the person who was allowed to walk off without trial, because there was no money in the judicial strong -box of the county in question, was no ordinary criminal. Mrs. Clem, charged with poisoning her husband, had been convicted no less than three times—twice in the county where the alleged crime was eommitted, and once in Boone County. But the Supreme Court three times relaxed the grasp which the law had upon her. She has won triumphs over the:judiciary that :lev- er before fell to the lot of an accused per- son. Atter so ruanv mishaps, no court *i the country would uaturally be over- anxiota to,try conclusions with her. A romantic story has been connected with the traditional attack on Hadley, Massachusetts, September 1, 1675, and a member of the Boston Historical society, having a little learning, uses it to the small purpose of puncturing the tradition and taking the romance out of it. The story goes that Hadley being attacked by Indians and the 'people thrown into con- sternatton, a venerable personage with white flowing locks suddenly appeared, rallied the demoralized colonists. and led them victoriously against the red foe. lit the hour of victory the stranger disap- peared as suddenly and mysteriously as he came. Some pious people believed that he was an angel from heaven sent to their succor, but in after years it was stated that he was Gen. William Golfe, one of the executioners of the first Charles. who had fled to New England to save himself from the wrath of the royal son. Our iconoclastic historian finds that there was probably an alarm on the ditto mentioned, but no Indians, appeared and no battle took place, but that Mite months later the red men did make a movement on Hadley, but were defeated by 1,000 disciplined troops, at whose head appeared no angel from heaven, no fugi- tive from the wrath of an English king. The deposits of guano receittly discov- ed in Peru are worth so many millions of dollars that the fortunate country will have, from its sale, more than money enough to liquidate the national debt. It is old that the proverbial shrewdness of the Yankee has uot taught him to utilize the eagle, America's proud bird, who at present is of little value except on Fourth of Julys, when his wings are spread from the pumpkin forests of Maine to the sand -clad hills of California, from the potato patches in Oregon to the deserted oaeis in Florida; whose screech of free- dom is heard by the frozen aligators in his mountain fastnesses of the north, and the sunbasked bear gamboling in the waves of the gut'. Let us knock the sentiment and the gualto out of the eagle; unbind him from our coinage, remove him from our battle flags, release hint from the duty of serving on seals, forbid his use by independence orators, and send him forth on the patriotic service of gumming the land. His efforts to enrich the broad fields of his country may lead to the payment of the national debt; at least he will be a savory and odorous rival to our Chittenden. Dogberry flourishes in old Erin as else- where. An Irish Magistrate was recent - called upon to determine who should pay the damages resulting from bit of a scrimmage during theprogess of which a stone made smithereens of a plate - glass window. He listened with judicial patience to the evidence, which showed that two of the boys had a quarrel in a liquor store, and as.ljourned to the street to have it out. Once there one of the lads aimed a stone at the head of the other, who, had he net adroitly do , lged, would certainly have received it full upon his head. The missile passel on, strik- ing the window. The conclusion of the magistrate was that theAlodger must pay the damages, \as it is certain that the first man did not intend to injure the window, and the window would not have been injured if it had not been for the act of tles, second man.\ That judge should be transplanted to Arkansas. The South Carolina Ihdicals are alarmed lest Gov. Moses, despairing of his re-election and his resepting his par- ty's desertion of him. Mauguratet a coup d'etat by which the state will bo safely transferred to the Democrat'. la that case there is - but one possisible rens- edy—the transfer of Judge Durell South Caraolina. An \order in chamb- ers\ would restore the Radical equatbris urn, despite the soup deka. The Spring clip vool from the San Joaquin Valley, Cal.. continues to Ise brought into Stockton in fair quatItitiele,