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THE MADISONIAN. , • ism 9 112‘ ray ;hat to ots • ,• ern ag n, A.71 . •WiT T er 102 a, e, a v. Foist, , 8 Gree ith les* s rocte esti- -I Rail. ial ears m Car' car3; Paten. 'onnee - rs thso No Csr 1)30 101 rein ° ines select - tion 6 route , sup- sesel Deese' et• Peeee„,' :40 5 •es .06P 11 ' . • al :50a. 133. • gen t ' aessri b ; one Y e, - r sta n d foo'g ded 9 „, der; °— li n cell' o ur r v e '\f dne ° 0 ,nd (.',1 yd vr io I n forvaa\ .4 IN te , SATURDAY. MAY 30,187-1. OFFICE, Two doors West fron. Wells, Far- :, '..-• TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. One Year 'in advance) Six Months Three Months \ $5 00 I 5 3 5 ADVERTISING RATES. THE MADISONIAN. as an advertising inf-41inin, is equal to any paper in Montana. at • ; ? • - • Z ; 1 1 :0- ;•.0 i I \ t $3 $5; $7 $8!$10:$15 $20 $*2.5 I tieh ..... 5 :4' 9 101 12' 20 3ie 40 2 Inches 3 Inches 7 9 11 121 15 25 371 Xi 11 12 14 17 30 -1.5 1 70 4 Inches_ .. 6 Indica 10 12 I5. Is 24 65 90 LI 1 De hes Is 2; 30; 34i 4o, 551 90 140 ,!5 Inches 3o. to :1.0! 75,1501250 _ The above scale of prices Is for ordinary sin - 0e -column , display advert king. solia and ialeilar advertisements will be charged at the kach rate l'irr space occupied. -40 1111 , -411 LOCAL NOTICES, Fifteen cents per line for first, and ten cents Der line for each add • •nal insertion. • CARDS, one-half inch, $•.! for one insertion ; $3 for t in-ertions; $8 per quarter; $16 per year. ! ,- r , The foregoing schedule of prices will be s trictly adhered to. ailvertisements counted in Nonpareil p l easure. J013 L'IZINTING-, 4 )f every description, executed in the best and neatest style. and on reasonable terms. NEWSPAPER DECISIONS. ny ane who takes a paper regularly from the Postottiee—whether directed to his name or another's, tn. whether he has subscribed or not —is responsible for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the publisher I may continue to send it until payment is made, will collect the whole amount, whether the pa- per k taken from the office or not. 3. The courts have decided that refusing to take the newspapers or periodicals from the Postoflice, or removing and leaving them un- called for, is prima facia evidence of intention- al fraud. PROFESSIONAL. G. F. COWAN, ittornQ and Counselor at Law. Radersberg, Montana Territory. HE R I F. II 1 1, 1 .1 S, Atly & Counselor at Law, VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. OFFICE over the Post Officer. J. E. CALLAWAY, Attovney and Cf)un— selor at LAW. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. OFFICE, adjoining the office of the Secre- tary of the Territory E. W. ToOLE J. K. TooLK. TOOLE & TOOLE. Attoa-neys HELENA, MONTANA. W practice in all the Courts of Montana. _ joIIN T. SHOBKR. II, 1.1 ; SHOSER & LOWERY, Attorneys and coun- selors at 11,aw. HELENA, M. T. will practice in all the Courts of Montana. SAMUEL WORD, Attorney at LAI W. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. JAMES G. SPRATT, Attorney and (24oun- selor at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. NN ill practice in ail the Courts of Montana. R. W. HILL. _Atttbrney GALLATIN CITY. M. T. W. F. SANDERS, .A.ttm-ney and Conn- selor at Law. HELENA, M. T. Will prAct ice iu all Courts of Record in Montana. C. W. TURNER, 1.-4 - ‘1 7- , VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. tiFFICE: Adjoining Colonel Call .m a •s. W M. F. K I RKWOOD, A ttorney at Law, IIRGIN IA CITY. Can he found at Judge Spratt'a office or Pro- bate Court Rooms. Will practice in all the Courts of the Territory. _ GEORGE CALLAWAY, M. D. Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M NTANA. OFFICE, at the Law I Mice of J. E. Calla- way . Esq., until further notice. I. C. SMITH. M. D• Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. office at ha: obi Le Beau Stand, Wallace - Iwre lir can be I's/Unit night or day E. T. YAGER, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. Will practice in all branches. Office one door above the City Drug VOL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, MAY 30, 1874. ]PC)Erlal.\ 1 17. CREDO. By the burden of sorrow awl sighing— The load that 1 bore Through ages of silent denying— still craving the more; By the charm, and the leash, and the chaining, That seized me and held My heart and my soul fiercely straining The pitiless weld! By the grace and the guile that enthralPd me, Tae trick of the fiend; And the bond,' that so pitiless galled me hellwarit I leaned. By the dreary and absent awaking— The coming to life, The heart in itsPagony breaking— The madness of strife! By the rescue then planned and secured me— The safety from harm— To rest on the brest that had lured me— Impa-tsioned and warm; To driak in her sighs and the glory Of love in her eyes— onCotting the terrible story Wade clasping the prize. o'er the grave of the past waves the willow, G -..ass burgeons Its icor,- On the rock of my youth -time the billow Br -aks sadly in surf; The lave -light of life, with its gleaning, illuminates its path; g -- Exchange. The a •fily was but my dreamin A isiou the wrath. CREMATION. POETRY. This world is all a fleeting show, How sweet from it to pass, To vanish up the chimney as Carbonic acid gas! Don't lay me on the river bank, Amid the fragrant flowers, Nor where the grass is watered by The early summer showers. But put me in the kitchen range, And open wide the damper; And then my vaporous remains Can up the chimney scamper. We lit the poor fellow at the dead of night, The carcass continually turning, In order that every side might get its share Of this new patent process of burning. No pelting rain-sforrn came wetting the pile Oi faggots to which we had bound htnl, \;) Babcock extiuguisher deadened the glare That formed such a halo around him. REGRET. They are poor That have lost nothing; they are poorer far Who losing, have forgotten; they most poor Of all, who lose and wish they might forget. For life is one, and in its warp and woop There runs a thread of gold thai glitters fair, A lid sometimes in the pattern shows most sweet Where there are sombre colors. It is true That we have wept. But 0! this thread of gold, We would not have it tarnish; let us turn Oft anti look back upou the wonderous web, And when it shineth sometimes we shall know That memory is possession.—Jean Ingelow. A WORD TO THE WISE. Love hailed a little maid. Romping through the meadow: Heedless in the sun she played, Scornful of the shadow. - `come with -me,\ whispered he; \Listen sweet, to love and eason.\ •By anti by,\ she mocked reply; \Love's not in season.\ Years went, years came; Light mixed with shadow. Love met the maid again, Dreaming through the meadow. • 'Not so coy,\ urged the boy; \List in time to love and reason.\ ' • By and by,\ she mused reply; \Love's still in season.\ Years went. years came; Light changed to shadow. Love saw the maid again, Waiting in the meadow. • 'Pass no mare, my dream is o'er; I can listen ni Vok rea.S011. \Keep thee mocked the boy; \Love's out of se ison.\ MERCEDES. Under a sultry, yellow sky, On the yellow sand I lie; The crinkled vapors smite my brain, 1 smolder in a firey pain. Above the crags the condor flies; lle knows where the red gold 1 ies, Ile knows where the diamonds shine;— If I knew, would she be mine? Mercedes in her hammock swings; In her court a palm -tree flings Its slender shadtbw on the ground, The fountain falls with silver sound. Her lips are like this cactus cup; With my leeni I crushed it up; I tear its flaming leaves apart:— Would that I could tear her heart! Last night a man was at her gate; In the the hedge I lay in wait: I saw Mercedes meet him there, By the fire-flies in her hair. I waited till the break of day, Then rose and stole away ; I drove my - dagger Ctrough the gate;— Now 6he knows her lover's fate! —Atlantic Monthly. THE OLDEST HUMAN RELIC. In the Etruscan vase room ot the Brit- ieit Museum. is to be seen the skeleton of one Pharaoll Mykerh I us, decently incased iee original burial clothes, and sur- rounded by fragments of the coffin, whereon the name of its occupant can be easily read by Egyptologiete, affording c inclusive evidence that it once con- tained the mummy of a king who was reigning in Egypt more than a century before the time of Abraham. The proof is thus explained in the Gentleman's Magazine, April, 1866 : About two years ago, Herr Diunichen, a Gellman explorer of the monuments of Egypt, following up the indications pointed out by M. Marl- ette, a distinguished archaeologist. dis- covered on the buried wall of the temple of Osiris. Obydos. a large tablet contain- ing the names of the ancient Pharaohs from the time of Misratine the grandson of Noah, and founder of the Egyptian monarchy, to that of Pharaoh Seti I., the father of the well known Mimeses the Great, including thereby the chronology of nine centuries, ViZ : from B. C. 2300 to B. C. 1400. This tablet, by far the most important yet discovered, has been compared to the sculptured figures of the ' kings of England. at the Crystal Palace, from William the Conquerer to her Ma- jesty Queen Victoria. Astronomical evi- dence, moreover, enables us to determine the time of two important epochs in the Store. history of Egypt, one of which is con - ALCOHOL AS A 'REDWINE. The physicians of England are earnest- ly discussing the uses ot alcohol as a medieine or as a component part.of med- ical prescriptions, and many of them have arrived at the definite conclusion that al- cohol does more harm than goods Sir Henry Thompson, the ejiampion of cre- mation, is one of these, though possibly his prominence in this particular would not, with some, award him any great weight as an authority. The opinion so far rendered is that the use of alcohol lowers the temperature and stimulates without invigorating the heart's action, while it is also declared that water is preferable to alcohol in cases of liver complaint. This theory, seemingly nov- el, is not new here, for Dr. John J. Mc- Dowell of this city adopted the idea as the subject of his address to the students of the St. 1.0tIls .Jtetneal —.At, -- we remember. very forcibly impressed his views and experience upon the grad- uating class of this year. There is more effective aid to the temperance cause in this theory than appears at a tirst glance. There is no doubt that the use of alcohol- ic stimulants, taken under directions of the fittnily physician, has in thousands of cases inaugurated a taste for liquors and wines that has ended in an incurable mania. The effects cannot be apprecia- ted. Not alone to the one person, but to his or her children, the taint of desire may be bequeathed in the blood, and the degrading misery be transferred from generation to generation. If the wise men can contrive to agree on this theory so tar as to ignore the curative or useful qualities of alcohol as a midecine, they, will do as much and more for the tem- perance cause than all the temperanee lecturers and retormed tipplers in the world could effect in a lifetime. Illio•-•-••••110 THE FARMERS AND THE CURREN- CY QUESTION. At the recent meeting of the Farmers' State committee of Illinois all attempt was nude to commit it on the currency question by offering a , resolution con- demning the President for vetoing the senate bill, but it failed. The committee voted down the resolution for the good reason that it had no business With the subject. This was wise. The currency question is the most threatening difficul- ty in the way of the Farmers' movement, and the less it has to do with it the great- er advantage the Farmers will have over their opponents. It is far from being settled. It menaces a division in the Re- publiwn party which all the efibrts ofthe managers at Waeltingtou may not be able to avert. The question is in the same attitude it was at the beginning of the present Colerress—an attitude of Sus- pense; and if Congress 'adjourns, t1 , 3 it probably will, leaving it in this condition, it wilt obtriolo itgoll into tho coming can- vass to disturb and divide the counsels of the party—all to the benefit of the Far- mers, provided they do not permit them- selves to be divided by it also. H. B. BARKLEY, M. D. Physician & Surgeon. RADERSBURG, M. T. I •NS had twenty-one years' experience . in I in his profession—four years of that time a surgeon in the Confederate army. lie is pre- pared io perform all kinds of surgery. IN FEMALE COMPLAINTS. his expe- rience is not surpaz_ , sed by any physician in the territory TO THOSE WHO HAVE VENEREAL COM PLAINTS. ---Gonorrhea, if called upon within five days after the first appearance, he will cure in seventv-two hours. In Syphilis, be will cure in liveilays. Ills treatment is different from any physi- ?kin iu this Territory. Ile is prepared for Cleansing, Extract ing, and Fill ing Tee tt. nected with our present subject. Sir John Herschel has fixed the age of the Great Pyramid of Chiseh the middle of the 22d century B. C. The tablet of Abydos shows that the Pharaoh whose bones we now possess succeeded the builder of the Great Pyramid with only two intervening kings. We are. there- fore, warranted in assuming that the re - mauls of Pharaoh Mykerinus belong to the age to which we have assigned them. ame--•-ssa The Texas papers are enthusiastic over a large prospective emigration from Ken- tucky and Virginia this spring. lt is said that some 12.000 acres of land have :teen purchateed by a colony oi nentiteemns near Dallas, who perhaps will experi- ment in the hemp culture. The introtlue- tion of this staple illt0 Texas will torte — 7 L. D. S., another link in the chain of pros writy D. F. nnnEN 1114. N'FIScr Wallace Street Virginia City.M.T. cliinate of that :itate. she is forging. Every poesible huittetry • ea ems euited to the rich soil and genial • A DOG AND SNAKE SfORY. Several days ago a gentleman in this city went out into the country fowling, taking with him an experienced pointer. After hunting some time he observed the dog conic to a sudden stop, and suppos- ing the dog had \stood\ a bird, advanced to shoot it. But emning nearer he no- ticea that the animal was foaming at the mouth, as if sulliTing from an attack of hydrophobia. Under closer observation he discovered that the dog was a victim of an enormous snake, which was charm- ing it and steadily advancing on its prey. The dog stood immovable, perfectly transfixed. The gentleman spoke too it , but it gave no heed, so completely was it under the influence of the dread charmer. Seeing that the dog was in the most ex- cruciating agony, the gentleman raised the gun and shot the snake dead. In- stantly, and simultaneous NVith the shot and the death of the snake, the dog '01 down perfectly helpless, and to all ap- pearance dead. It revived after some lit- tle time, but had it not been for some timely assistance from the master it is be- lieved that the poor animal would have expired with the vicious reptile of whose charm it was the victim. The snake in question was a blue racer about tour or five feet long, and was killed near Ogle- thorpe Park.—N. N. Dispatch. NO. 29 SUPPOR FIN G ANO ['HER n AN'S TUE FRENCH tND GERMAN SEP WIFE. TENNATS. A. somewhat curious case was before the General Term of the Supreme Court last week. The appellant in the case was Thomas C. Shepherd and the respondent Leannette Shepherd. From the facts presented in the case it appears that when the respondent was married to Shepherd she was a divorced wife, re- ceiving $672 yearly as alimony. The marriage with Shepherd proving unfor- tunate, a second divorce followed, and an appealAda the court resulted in an allow- ance to her of $3,000 yearly as alimony from Shepherd. The lady, not daunted by her two unsudcessful ventures in double harness, took to herself a third partner in the person of C. S. Anderson. Shepherd made application to the Spe- cial Term to be relieved from paying any more alimony. or. at least. to have it re.- duced in amount. The Special Teem denied the motion, and the case was brought before the Generai Term, and on Friday a decision adverse to Mr. Sheph- erd was rendered. The court held that in a divorce suit where the decree per- mits the wife to remarry, as reward for her innocence, the payment of alimony by the divorced husband is not affected by her subsequent marriage with anoth- er man. This decieion opens up a new branch of industry for interprising females. They can find some rich old codger, marry him, get divorced from him with allowance of alimony, and then seek out another victim. A. pretty, smart and pleasing female might in this way be receiving alimony trom half a dozen men, and then she could marry the man of her choice, and live virtuous- . ly and happy the rest of her days. It would be a pleasing subject to contem- plate, that of half a dozen unniarried men contributing liberally to the sup_ port of one man's wife. And yet there are people who say that our laws are un- just to the gentle and modester sex. Sun. THE NEW LIQUOR LAW. The new liquor law, as it is called, passed by the legislature ot Missouri at the last session, provides that any dramshop keeper, merchant, or druggist, who, either by himself or his clerk or agent, shall sell or give liquor \to any habitual drunkard,\ after being notified by the wife, father, mother, brother, sister, or guardian of such person not to do so, shall be liable to a fine of not less than $40 nor more than $200, and forfeit his right to a license. A notice, under the act, is to be deemed a continuing notice as to the person specified. This act goes into effeet on the 20th of May. Another act, passed at the adjourned session. reuuirinis dreotriers tylto 401 or give away liquor to take out license, goes into effect on the first of June. THE USE OF DIA nONDS IN BOR- ING. The boring of rocks and ledges by the use of diamonds is a recent and ingeni- ous process, about which much has been published of late. The \diamonds\ thus employed are not, however, valuable gems, but carbonate, a substance that till lately had no commercial value, and was first introduced merely for the pur- pose of cutting diamonds. It is found in the Brazils in considerable quantities, and it ie presumed that it exists wherever the real diamond is obtained. Its ap- pearance is much like that of a piece of coal. or dull jet, being as unlike as possi- ble that of a diamond proper, though the two are said to be identical in their chem- ical composition. It is supposed that the one is perfectly, the other imperfectly crystalized. and if so, that it is doubtless this very imperfect crystalization that gives to carbonate its value for this spe- cial purpose, having little or no cleavage, and consequently not ephtting up and breaking in the way that a diamond doe3. Experiments scent to show that this article stands, in point of hardness or resistance of abrasion, at an enormous distance ill advance, of any other known material in nature, which is certainly a eery remarkable tact. On setting a piece of carbonate in a suitable holder, and holding it against a grindstone, the lat- ter will be turned dowu. Among the st the floods in Lonisiana are a tars of the or- n 7 ffievrerisnebnyl der of Patrons or Husbandry, or Gran- gers, as the's are generally known. The Secretary of the Shoo Graege oe hula, Mr. N. D. Wetmore, whose address is New Orleans, has been active in pro- curing relief from the North and West tor those who have been driven from their homes by the overflow. It is cred- itable to him that in an appeal to North- ern Granges tor help he has said that the money contributed would be distributed among all sufferers without regard to their having any affiliation to the order which he represents, and it is cred- itable to the order that this notification has met with general approval among the Grangers. Any contributions forwarded to Mr. Wetmore will be judiciously ap- plied, as the Grangers throughout the State are in communication with him through their local Granges, and supply him Nvith complete information regard- ing the necessities of ditl'erent ame--•-eas In San Antonia recently a bare -headed rider rushed furiously into WWII With the alarm that the Indians were coming. It doeen't take much to stir up a Texas town when Indians are the subject, a nd N . erv sO3li every installable fire-arni was in requisition, and a company of militia was speedily organized for defence. The messenger, after seeing that the whole town was aroused alai expectation on tip -toe, calmly informed the multitude that the Indians coming coneisteti of a squaw and pappoose. They . buried next (lay a lock of hair and one ot time messen- ger's old shoes. It Was all that could be found of his body. ARABIAN HORSES. All Europe, with the exception of Spain, which is engaged in crushing the Carlist and the Cuban rebellions, is pro- fessedly at peace, and at the present time no war -cloud darkens the political horizon. But each nation is increasing its armaments, and acting as though war is imminent in the near future. Three or four weeks ago Mr. Richards, Secretary of the Peace Society of London, detailed his experience in visiting all the courts of Eur . ope, on his mission as the repre- sentative of that society. From every European power, Mr. Richards stated, he received the most positive assurances of a desire for a continuance of peace, and an ardent wish was expressed, both by presidents ot republics and crowned sov- ereigns, tor the arrival of that happy millennial age when courts of interna- tional arbitration shall settle national dis- putes. This, however, is in strange con- trast to the fact that since the Franco- German sear the continental nations of Europe have increased their regular an - 1.11,,c ilsit eonowiter rattles France, 35 per Cent; Austria_ 20; Russia, 28; Italy, 21, and Germany 17. France stands at the head of the list. Under the new military system of that country, every man will be a trained soldier. One of the first acts of the De Broglie ministry was a proposal to give MacMahon a long term of power. A compromise was effected by which seven years of office was voted by the Assem- bly. This compromise became known as the Septennat. No sooner was MacMa- hon granted a seven years' lease of the Presidency than there was a proposition in the German Parliament to increase the standing army of the Empire from 300,000 to 401,000. The Liberal party op- posed such an increase as drawing 41,000 more men yearly from the commerce and industry ot the Empire, but Bismarck was firm. When the Chancellor was asked how long this additional tax was to burden the people, he replied: \Seven years.\ So the arrangement was made just to lap over, by . a few months, the French Septennat. 'Thus we now have - the French Septennat in MacMahon's duration of office, and the German Sep- tennat adding 41,000 more men every year to the German army, which will give the Etnnire, at the expiration of that period, nearly 290,000 additional trained soldters. Thie Coincident of the two Septennats has occasioned iniich comment,and shows that Germany is watchful over eyery movement of Franee. The nal. with Li onarek was not eo much a differ- ance between an army of300,000 and 401,- 000 men as of preparing tor an emergen- cy at the end of MacMahon's term. By that time the French nation will have had ample opportunity, under a military President, to perfect its army organiza- tion, and Germany is determined to be prepared, should France then come un- der a ruler whose first design will be to wipe ont the humiliation of the late war.—Sall Francisco Bulletin. MACHINERY IN MATCH MAKING. The French machine has been intro- duced in the process of dipping matches, by means of which as many as six thou- s . ait: ; d 1.7 aler in u a s il: to pass through that oper- ation in four minutes, each individual matelt being thus prepared and made I hesplinte, properly cut, are, by this arrang - ement, received upon a horizontal plane or table, grooved to the size of the mateltes, and are made to tall into the gooves by the action of a broad brush suspended above time table, and which the operator moves by means of a pedals In front of the table on which the matches thus arranged lie, is a frame placed vertically, designed to receive a number of layers of matches one above another. This frame presents hninedi- ately betbre the row of matches a narrow receiving plate or bed; and, by the action of a second pedal. time operator causes a row of needles to advance, which push inward the matches on to this plate, and are retracted by A spring. The matches are puehed beyon 1 the edge ot the re- ceivivg plate, just so fast as suffices for dipping, and their ends are kept separate by thin oartitions forming a part ot the machine. The fi ante, which has a movemeht up and down in guides, is now depressed suffieiently to permit another receiving plate to be laid on the last row of match- es. at a proper level to receive an addi- tional row; and this process. goes on un- til sixty rows. (melt containine - one hun- dred wadies, have been piled up in the frame, when the latter is locked up by bringing down a traverse bar at the top, so as - to compress the whole mass and keep in place—IBM:11 ill the sante man- ner as the types in a printer's chase. They are then evened at their ends like type, and are ready to be dipped. P We believe there is neithe L r an Ara . b . ian horse nor an immediate descendant of an Arabian now on the turf. The only thorough trial of importe i. d horses has peen inane braker, Keene Richards. His first impor- tation was in 1852. a mare, raieed by the Tarabrone tribe in Arat`tiat Petra, and two by the Anayza tribe. The blood of all these could be travel back for genera- tions. Afterward Mr. Richards brought over Sacylowe and Fay.sal, and two oth- ers—one of which traced his stock back three inneired years. Many of these have produced promising colts, but none of their descendants have es yet made a name. The Galveston News states that there is a fine breed of Arab horses on the lam of Da. Tevis, formerly an asso- ciate ot' Mr. Richards, in Fort Bend County. Maryland has lately acquired one of the finest Arabian stallions that has ever crossed the ocean. The horse was presented to Colonel Jenifer, of the Egyptian army, by the Khedive.—Balti- more American. • EXTENSIVE S 1LT MINE. A ffentleman district designs to secure by United States pa- tent a most remarkably extensive salt de- posit, located about ten miles from Pana- mint. The salt to the depth of about a toot on the average covers an area of about a mile and a quarter square. and is a very tine article. And, speaking ot salt mines, immediately north and in shrlit of Cerro Gordo there is at valley ly- ing along the tbot of the lnyo range. which, for several miles square is covered to about the same depth as the Panamint deposit. The article, ready for use, calm be shoveled up by the ton in either of placee.—Inaso Inerependent. A WOMAN IN FLAMES ON THE PR tl RI E. GREAT TUNNELS. The greatest tunnels have, it appears, been construeted in Germany, and these have been made exclusively for mining. Thus, there is the great tunnel of Frie- berg, 24 miles long ; the Ernst -August and the George at Clousthal, 13 1-2 and 10 34 miles respectively : one at Schein- nitz, 9 14 miles ; the Rothschonberg, at Freiberg, eight miles; and the Mont Cenis, 7 1-2 miles—these constituting. the principal works of the kind in Eurepe. In the United States, there are the Hoo- sac, in Masachusetts, five miles long; the Satre,. in Nevada, four miles long ; the Sierra Madre, which is to be 12 miles long ; and the San Carlos and Union tunnels, which are undet 2 1-2 miles. But nothing in connection with this class of work has, of late, excited more interest than the result of receet researches into the nature of the strata between the con- tinent of Emope and the coast of Eng- land, made in behalf of the proposed tunnel between England and France. It is ascertained that a deposit of the LOH- don clay actually extends from the mouth of the Thames to Dunkirk. on the north-east point of France. This deposit is found to be from 200 to 400 feet thick; and the impermeableness and homogen- eity of the clay, as shown in the works of the subway under the Thames in Lou- don, point out the line between the mouth of the Thanws and Dunkirk as one of the most feasible routes for the proposed tunnel. The distance, howev- er, is some 80 miles. The San Antonio (Texas) Herald com- ments with considerable disdain upon the resolution of Mr. Marmaduke before the Cotton association, excluding from competition for prizes cotton raised be- low the thirty-second parallel. The Tex- as paper ought to understand that pre- miums are only offered on cotton in area reasonably liable to come to the St. Louis market. It is true that very shortly St. Louis expects to be the market • for near- • . fin une cuuwit groWn Missiesippi valley. But she can scarcely lay claim to such a position yet. Her advantages, however, as a cotton centre, have only to be known to the planter to speedily rea- lize this expectation of her business men. —Republican. Crime appears in the heighth of its carnival all over the country. No sec- tion is exempt from its ravages. It in- cludes all degrees of evil. Murder, rob- bery and airon, each in turn give spice and variety to the shocking entertain- ment. The horrible murder, by a Ger- man laborer, of an entire fitmily, is fresh in the minds of the public. It was but one of a series of crimes, each of them f., ,11 Mitt Kea vribi - a rib pc,c,,Alics,a (Lax t tl a AA. ti • feature of atrocity. 'Whether it is • a inania, or impulse, or instinct in certain classes of a community, it is difficult to tell. Perhaps the fear of detection is less powertiil at times, or the bent of evil in- clination's uncontrollable—whiehever it is, all parts of the land appears to be suffering from the general demoraliza- tion.—Chicago Thnes. A gentleman reports to the Leaven- worth Times a terrible accident wilich happened in the vicinity of White Church, a few miles from there. Mrs. Sally Mann. the wife of a farmer by that name, dis- covered a tire in a fence corner some die- tance from the house, and knowing . the damage it would do if allowed to spread, started out to extinguished it. 1Vhi le en- gaged beating out the lire with a brush heiclothes took fire, and in an instant she was in flames. Her piercing cries for help were unanswered, as her husband and the hired help were at work over a I N n v o o r u e , a an w o y s . t presence of mind. and instead of throw - mg herself on the plowed ground near at coming perfectly frenzied by the scorsh- hand, and thus quenching - the tiaseoe, ehe setrted on a run for the house, full 300 yards away, the flames gaining strength at every step.; reaching the house the wo- man threw herself on the bed, and from thence rolled to the floor, where her hus- band found her, burnt to a crisp, when he returned home from work at niglt. Every vestige of clothing was burned from the body, and the remains looked more like a mass of charcoal than any- thing. else. A little presence of mind would have prevented this terrible death. from Panamint segs—e—wa DURHAM Glt VDES FOR BEEF. A FURIOUS SWEETHL t RT. The habit of hanging mackerel on a nail near the door to drip broke up a match on Essex street Wednesday nig - lit. The couple got home late in the evening and, goiter around back of the house, so as not to disturb the folke, they sat down on the stoop to think. During the pro- cess she leaned her head, in a new spring hat, against the house, and became ab- sorbed in the stars and other improve- mente, %while he tenderly eyed his boots. About half an hour was spent in this profitable occupation, when the young man felt something trickling down his • ENGINEERING AND MECHANICAL NOTES. The German manufacture of Bessemer steel amounts to 125,000-150,000 tons a year in twenty \furnaces but as there are seventy-one converters either built or building in Germany, the actual produc- tion is only a fraction of the possible make. All told the seventy-one convert- ers with their accompanying plant could turn out 450,000 tons of steel and use up 225,000 to 550,000 tons of pig. France produced, in 1773, 103,233 tones of Besse- mer, and G4,444 tons ot other steel. The proportionate make ot Bessemer and ordivary rails in France is noteworthy, there being 79,206 tons of steel and 22.- 876 tons of iron rails rolled. The Sie- mens -Martin process makes great head- way both in Germany and France. In the forinercountry, fifty furnaces capable of producing 200 tons of steel a day are said to be working,. The discovery of the new deposit en quicksilver ore is reported from Mexico. It is eight leagues front Guatimape, in the State of Durango. and it' the tale is true it is without question the hugest discovery of this ore ever made. Its strike is toward the north, and it is re- ported to have been traced for no less than seventy leagues. The exposed por- tion varies from four to fifteen me- ters in thickness. It is quite possible that a bed of this size exists which in some parts has received aim impregnation of cinnabar, and in this sense the story is not at all impossible. ••••—a-aaa THE WAY OF THE VI ORLD. Nature will take its course and there is no use in trying to block up its way, beaten by the thread of so many centn- rises. A good San Francisco girl fell in love with a good-looking bar -keeper, and he with het. The girl's tither, being purse -proud and particular, had other views tor his daughter, and forbade the bar -keeper to look in the direction of his house. Nevertheless there were stolen interviews on street certiere, and One of these being discovered, the young lady was locked up in the house. The girl got about half a pint of laudanum and drank the most of it, but her act was dis- covered in time for a stomach -pump to thwart her well -meant purpose. Then the bar -keeper left for a neighboring town, and in at few days the girl was mis- sing from her accustomed seat at the paternal boarCt. It was suspected she had flown to the neighboring town, and a telegram put the police on the watch. She was there sure enough and met the object of her going there. He put her up at a hotel, and there was to be a wed- ding day. But the 3 - oung lady was lock- ed in her room and the windows watched uutil her rather canuseea trash k. ‘bikild away. 1Vhat the next move will be on that checker -board of life those two do not know, but the old Luau seems resolv- ed they shall not move together. They have not changed their minds aed are bound to get into the beaten track of the world. Philadelphia has just had a similar case, but that is over. The young lady was only seventeen. She loved, and was loved, and the cruel parent stepped in between the lovers, and told the young man to go and come no more. The girl seemed resigued, but ,she, too, Nvas watched. She chafed under the re- straint, got hold of a box of matches, and ate them until she was beyond the reeich of lunnan aid. That father has just had st timer:11 front his house. A wedding would have been a much pleasanter cere- mony thr all parties. There is no use in trying to stop them; when the way of the world is closed to young men and young women, they manage to get around it somehow. neck. \Don't weep, Julia,\ he softly murmured. -I ain't,\ she said, sur- prised. Ile looked up and his eyes res- ted on an oozy substance back of her head -What's that on the back of your hat?\ he cried. She jumped up at this interrogation, and instinctively placing her hand on the back of her head, drew it away again full of an unpleasantly fa- vored slime. With a shriek of rage and passion the infuriated girl tore the mack- erel from the nail, and trampled it be- neath her feet, while site snatched off her hat and tore it in shreds with her livid lingers. The horror-stricken young man not knowher what else to do, jumped the first fence, and disappeared, and hasn't been .seen since.—Danbury News. Mr. Spencer's bill to ree• late and fa- cilitate commerce provides . . general regu- lations for the incorporation of compan _ ice to be common carriers, and proposes to extend the privileges of the act of J uly 14, 1870, to the ports ot Cedar Keys and Pensacola, and Galveston, and to impor- tations front the West Indies, Mexico, Central and South America,. We have heretofore noted the rapid in- crease of thoroughbred cattle in this State. As an incident of this increase, graded Durham steers are now finding their way to the maket as beef cattle— not in great numbers, but enough to heli- cate the miming in the quality of beef eonsumed here. The best beef in the United States is furnished by the Louis- ville and Cincinnati markets. The high grade Durhain steers takes the prece- dence in numbers and price. The time will come when we shall have seen the last tough, dry, and flavorless steak cut from the carcass ot native cattle, or of crosses of that stock. Graded Durhams have already made their advent, and more are coining. Butchers who say that beef, is beee it it only weighs, will change that tune after a while. Consumers will know where the best beef is produced. and the graded Durham will crowd his way hit° the markets of Louisville and Cincinnati. Perhaps the best result of this introduction of thorott7h-breels On this side of the country, will hereafter be found in the wealth of graded cattle which will have the precedence for beef ' over all others.—San. Fran. Bulletin. The flour- ishing 'west fii ----e itrutitertisu osIellisri trosiojeuti Missouri. Joplin has two opera -houses. Carthage is investing in one, and Granby wants to know how long it is to be de- nied the same luxury. It appears fro Eng- menst-isseneke of the lish Chancellor of the Exchequer to Par- liament, that he has a surplus of six mil- lion of pounds over the budget estimates of his expenses. England can well af- ford to smile at an exhibit of free sugar , a. penny off the income tax, and such a surplus. in the treasury. No wonder the contrast looks so disheartening to enter- prising. aggressive, but always poor. America. There are always ease and wealth across the water, and hearly al- ways trouble here. If it does not come financial in embarrassmente, it does in po- litical agitation. It oughtn't to be so. but it is. Maybe some day we will learn the lesson so comfortably illustrated by England, of always having a good, easy balance at our banker's. ws _ o _ sse The Cincinnati Enquirer adds to a I land Gap, and will be the shortest route marilage 011110111leelllent: \Their moth- geography admits of from Louisville to ers did not know they were out.\ the sea. THE MAIDISONIAN, —IS— PUBLISHED EVERT filLTVRDAY# —AT— Virginia City, Montana. THOMAS DEYARMON, Editor and Proprietor. Papers ordered to any address can be changed to another address atthe option of the sucscriber. Remittance by draft. check, rnonoy , order orregistered letter may be sent at our risk. THE MADISONIAN is devoted to the advocacy of the principles of the Dernocratio party and to general and local news. NEW MEXICO, ASKING ADMISSION. We noted the facT — some time ago. that a project was on foot tor the admission of New Mexico as a State into the Union. This Territory was organized in 1871 tin- der what was known as the Compromise bill. Previoas to that time. or early in 1850, a convention was held and a Stato constitution was formed. Senators were elected, and went to Washington. But the Territorial organization had taken ef- fect before the Senators arrived, and the State thus nipped in the bud has re- mained for nearly a quarter of a century in a territorial condition. In the mean- time Arizona. which once formed a part of the Territory ot New Mexico, had been cut off, and the population of the latter was thus diminished. It requires now a population of 127,000 to form a State. New Mexico has less than 100,000, or on- ly about two-thirds as many people. in- cluding Indians, as are necessary tor a State. But the pressure of embryo Senators and Governors is so strong that the ad- mission may be carried over all obsta- cles. In fact there has never been much difficulty in finding, the necessary popu- lation on paper NN . lien politicians fairly got hold of the job of creating a State. Colorado and Utah claim a larger popu- lation than New Mexico. But there is little prospect that either of these Terri- tories will be admitted at present. New Mexico is still in a wild condition. The majority of the population ie composed of Mexicans and Indians who do not build towns nor develop the natural wealth of the country. If New Mexico were admitted into the Union. it would have just as many votes in the Senate as the great State of New York. The stand- ard of population has been advanced in order to render it certain that when a Territory applies for admission there shall be sufficient population to make a respectable State. CANNON, THE UTAII DELEGATE The action of the House of Representa- tives in ordering an inquiry into the polygamic practices of Geo. Q. Cannon, the delegate front Utah, seems to indi- cate that the Peat will in all probability be declared vacant. The House adopted the report of the Committee on Elections that Cannon had been elected, and that Maxwell the contestant was not entitled to the seat. But the committee at the same time reported the testimony that Cannon was living in harmony with the Mormon peculiar institution, and sub- mitted whether this was not in open vio- lation of the laws of the United States and contrary to all right principles of public morality. There never lets been a doubt hut that Cannon received a ma- jority of the votes east, because the Mor- mon population in Utah far outnumbers the Geutile clement. The House, being the sole judge of the qualifications of its members on all points, can, however, ex- pel Clinton for polygamy. The large majority -127 to 51—ordering the inves- tigation would seen to intimate that the expulsion of Cannon is a foregone con- clusion. For Cannon to resign would ......••••• of maaaia-ealLeasaIon ou his part that polygamy is not in accord with the prin- ciples of public morality, while to be ex paled is an unpleasant alternative. Con- gress ought long ago to have dealt wit h the viliole trouble in Utah. TIn. any of the Territory is in a muddled state. and it is high time that some enactment should be passed which will prevent poIygamy hereafter, at. the same time tilatLeme . provision for those who are in- nocently mixed up with it. The Mormon is again before Congress with N tie prospect, it must be confes e hing a satisfac- tory solution. I s as a, sort of Nemesis to legislators. 'I the sullieet coinmitt es(a t in hand, and each haVe made reports NVit.11011t reaching conclusions at all prac- tical to the issue. Time object apparent in all their discussions is to compass the trial ot a Mormon for polygamy by a jury n not amena- exclusively composed ot me ble to the charge themselves. As it is a well -settled principle of law that oflimees must be trier! in the locality of their oc- currence, and by citizens who are the peers of the criminal, this requirement of justice is a stumbling -block in the way 01 conviction. A jury of the material indi- cated Nvould be difficult to obtain in Utah. In this country . , however, one wife is re- garded as amply sufficient. The best way to do the thing is to get the Mor- mons to abandon polygamy. This is the only feasible way--cliange their religion ! A PROPOSED N A Rai) IV GAUGE RAILWAY. A conflict of jurisdiction has arisen be- tween the military and civil authorities of Atlanta. The eiddiers refuse to be punished for a violation of city ordinan- ces. The same question, only in a gra- ver forum, arose between the 'Winery and civic authorities of Illinois at the time 01 the late lire. Fashion has decreed that elegance of a toilet no longer consists in its appearing worth a large sum of money. but simply in the perfection of its fit details. At this time of the year, more than ever. distingue and becoming toilet is within the reach of every exchequer, providing it belongs to a lady of taste. Mr. Grant is reported as saying that to be a candidate tor a third term would be \an 'inflation' of my term of office. and as I have taken oceasion to pronounce against inflation. the suggestion of my candidacy 'Or a third term would have to be N - etoed.\ Let Mr. Grant stick to that utteranee, and all will yet- lw well with him. Ills veto of the new repudiation scheme is Uhilottlitedly one of the most important services he has rendered to the country. Perhaps it is the most important one ; for to rcselle the ent111- try from the reckless gamblers who would replace it on the down-grtide to repudiation is doubtless quite as important to its welfare as to rescue It from dismemberment. Be- sides. the veto was the act of Grant ; the conquest of the rebellion was the art of his soldiers. Let him hut \tight it out on this line\ of anti -repudiation, but not seek to prolong his official career, and. after all his short -comings. he will retire from the Presi- deney with high and lasting honor.—Chi- cage Times. A suggestion from Gen. Imboden of Virginia has a very important bearing upon railroad interests in the Southern States. He proposes to - connect the Ohio river at Louisville with the tide -waters in Virginia at Norfolk by means of a cheap, narrow-gauge railway, penetrating the rich mineral counties of Virginia and Kentucky. It is very possible that a large number of English miners, in time event ot the railroad being built, can be induced to settle on the mineral lands, which include some nine or ten counties in the tWO State:S. tO thiS tittle this region has been utterly without railroad facilities. But it abounds in enormous undeveloped wealth. Gen. Imboden says Iliad even a small portion of the now un- cultivated mineral lauds alone. lying within live miles of a railroad line be- tween Richmond and Louisville. now un- produetive, to the OWIlerS, it' put into the common stock of the railway company, would form a basis of credit on which every dollar of the money needed to con - street the road caul be raised on past -due mortgage bonds in England before the end of the present year. The road is intended to 2'0 by Cumber - SAPPHIRES IN COLOR A DO. The Denver, Colorauo, ,/1 - 0.1 inst., says: \A miner who has been CD -- gaged for some months past. working - in the bars along the Platte for five or six miles above Denver. had the good fortune to tind several sapphires, which he saved, without knowing anything about their value. One day last week at stranger, who was pros- pecting . along the river, was shown tlic stones, when he bought the largest one for e2. Ile brought it to town. and upon a test it was pronounced a sapphir, and a very rine one. It was placed in the hands of 1. Haberi, lapidary, to he cut. The rough stone weighed nineteen and a halt carats, and yesterday delivered to the owner. a beautifully cut gem therefrom. weighing fully twelve carats. and c•alued at ;:50 11 - The miner was also in town yesterday, and became very much astonished upon learn- ing the value of the pzbble he had parted with for a two -dollar greenback. He lett two more with Mr. liaberi, and proposes to enjoy, himself. some of the profits of their polishing. The gentleman who bought the first -mentioned stone is experienced in sueit things. though a comparative stranecr in this region. In the past week he has him- self found, within two miles of Denver, au emerald. which he believes more valuablo than the sapphire. and a very line water agate, which will produce a geni of beauti- ful strawberry color. He has sent -the eme- rald East. Three diamonds have been ex- hibited in Denver. within the past week, that the owner said he found in Colorado,. and east of the range. We cannot vouch for the truth of this report. hut there is no question as tr. the fact that the ce.': ere were all foand within lesS than six miles of they Denver post.otfiee, - • • a