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TH E MADISONIAN. // • 4 be al -- ATI1RDAY, 'FITLY 4, 1874. FT - -- - ICE, Two doors West from Wells, Far- o's- ERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. ne Year in adv s lnee) fi ai x Mouths 6 6 ee Months sat4 I --• 110.4. ADVERTISING RATES. 150 C MADISON .1 N , aa an advertising equal to any paper in Montana, I .m .26 2r ra. z z rim -Ne .1111 a ti 1 to inch....... 2 Inches Inches 4 inches 6 Inches 13 Inches. II Inches 5 8 10 18 $5 $7 8 9 9 11 11 12 12 15 24 30 40 50 88 10 12 14 18 34 55 $10 12 15 17 24 40 65 815 820 $25 20 25 30 38 55 75 30 40 37 45 65 90 150 55 70 90 140 250 The above scale of prices Is for ordinary sin- gle-coluuan. display advertising. solid and sabular advertisements will be charged at the ..ach rate 'tor space occupied. 0 tW 40-10.44 LOCAL NOTICES, dteen cents per line for ffrst, and tun oasts line for each additional insertion. CARDS, ne-half inch, for one insertion; $3 for insertions; *1 per quarter; $16 per year. rr The foregoing schedule of prices will tric tiv adhered to. Ali advertisements counted in Nonpareil easure. 013 YIZIWY1 -4 Cr, Of every description, executed in the best d neatest style. and on reasonable terms. NEWSPAPER DECISIONS. 1. Any one who takes a paper regularly from the Postotlice--w.hether directed to his name or other's, or whether he has subscribed or not is responsible for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, ae must pay all arrearages, or the publisher [say continue to send it until payment is made, and collect the whole amount, whether the pa- per is taken from the office or not. 3. The courts have decided that refusing to eke the newspapers or periodicals from the iN,sionicip, or removing and leaving them . un- shed for, is prima facia evidence of iutention- sl fraud. PRGPISSIONAL. G. F. COWAN, Attorney and tevaseter at Law. eft•loerg. Montana Territory. F. WILLIAMS, Att'y & Counselor at Law, VatiatIl Crn, MONT AN A. OFFICE aver the Post ()Meer. I. E. CALLAWAY, _Att( - )s - ai -- and Colin- 1 1 44.1crr at 1 Atw. VIROINIA CITY, MONTANA. OFFICE, adjoining the aloe of the Sect, - Wiry of the Territorv a. W. TOOLS. J. K. 1100Li TOOLE & TO n LE. A.tte - orne. - * HELENA, MONTANA. with practice a all the Courts of Montana. sea? glionER T J. Low/ NAT . SHOBER & LOWERY, Attorneys: It ad et)ttn- riaelm - lha at 11 - Avw. HELENA, M. T. Did practice in all the Courts et Neatens SAMUEL WORD, A.ttcovnt - v rat I ..a - tvs - . YINGTNIA CITY, X. T. JAMES. SPRATT, _Attorney and. C,lonn- f4e14 - >r ut law. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. ,it racciee in all the Courts of Montana. Z. W. NILL. Attoratcy at I -0.1 vv. GALLATIN CITY. M. T. W. F. SA ADERS, Att4)vney C't)ttnen eloi - at law. HELENA, U. T. W .11 pi -act -1:e in all ( oarta of aseordis llotitaios C. W. TURNER, LAA VY VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. OFFICE: Adjoining Colonel Call eway's. F. KI KWOOD Attorney at Law, VIRGINIA CITY. Can be found at Judge spratt's onice or Pro- bate Court Rooms. Will practice in all the Courts of the Territory. GEORGE CALLAWAY, M. D. Physioian anti Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, if NTANA. OFFICE, at the Law ( )rfice of J. E. Calls - way, , until further notice. I. C. SMITH, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. Office at ttog )1(1 Le Beata Stand, Wallace ‘..trcet, where he can be fund night or day T. YAGER, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. practice in all branches. Office one door above the City Drug Store. H. B. ARKLEY M. D. Physician & Surgeon. RADERSBURG, M. T. It ts had twenty -one years' e xperience in iu his pr' fe,sion—four years of that time itri;e4Itl ill the Confederate army. Ile is pre - perturb all kinds of surgery. IN FE3IALE COMPLAINTS, his expe- Territory . riene s is not surpassed by any phy siciau in the TO THOSE WHO HAVE VENEREAL CD M PLAINTN.-Gonorrhea, if called tipon within live days after the first appearance, he Will cure in seventy-two hours. In Syphilis, he will cure in iveUas. Mei differ ent from any physi- 0 11$ %id Terrisoes . ti.eis prepared fin' VOL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1874. N - 0. 3-1. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. IN CONGREsS, JULY 5Th, 1874. The l'annintons Declaration of the Thirteen 1. S. of America. When, in the course of human events, It becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to as- sume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of the nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opin- ions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal ; that they are endowed by their Creator with cer- tain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the con- sent of the governed; that, whenever any form of government becomes de- structive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and or- ganizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to eflect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established, should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, ac- cordingly, all experience bath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, when a long train ot abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under ats-olute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their fu- ture meeurity. Such has been the patient snfts..anee of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is a history of repeated in- juries and unsurpations, all having, in direct object, the establishment of an ab- solute tyrauriy over these States. To prove this, let tacts be submitted to a candid seoe:.1: lie hap: refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public Voeti. He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of immediate and pressingim- portant*, 'miens suspended in their oper- ation till his aideent should be obtained; and. when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other laws for the iit8,-ffillttlOthd1011 cf large districts of people, unless those people would relin- quish the right of representation to the Jegislature ; a right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. He bias tuned together legislative bod- ies as plecee unusual. uncomfortable, and dietant trona the depository of their pub - lie res.:m-41e, ler the sole purpose of fatigu- ing them into compliance with hia mea- sures. He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firninese. bi-: invasions on the rights of the people. He has refused, for a long time after such di:evolutions, to cause others to be elected ; whereby the legislative powers. incapeble of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in the meantime, ex- posed to all the danger of invasion from without, and convulsions within. He has endeavored to prevent the pop- ulation of these States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- courage their migration hither, and rais- ing the conditions of new appropriations oil lands. He has obstructed the administration of justice, by retusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. He has erected a multitude of new offi- ces, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- stance. He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, without the con- sent of our legislature. He has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil power. He has combined, with others, to sub- ject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution. and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation: For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these Suites: For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world: For imposing taxes on us without our consent: For depriving US, in many eases, of the benefits of trial by jury : For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offences. For abolishing the free system of Eng • lish laws in a neighboring province, es- tablishing therein an arbitrary govern- ment. and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same ab- solute rule into these colonies : For takiug away our darters, 4)00 - ing - our most valuable laws, and altering fundamentally, the powers of our govern- ments: For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection, and waging war against us. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives ot our people. He is, at this time, transporting large armies of fbreign mercenaries to com- plete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun, with circum- stances of cruelty and perfidy, scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civil- ized nation. He has constralneu our Allvvr - eitize1lS. taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or Zo fall themselves by their hands. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfiire is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and condi- tions. In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated petitions have beer answered only by repeated in- jury. A prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant, is unlit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of attempts, made by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstan- ces of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them, by the ties . of our common kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inevita- bly interrupt our connections, and cor- respondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice. and consanguinity. We must therefore, acquiesce in the ne- cessity, which denounces our separation, and hold them as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace. friends. We, therefore, the representatives of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, in GENERAL CONGRESS assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name, and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, solemn- ly puLtliah mint tic attic, That thoeia Unita/1 Colonies, are, and of right ought to `se, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES; that they are absolved from all alleg- iance to the British crown, and that all political connexion between them and the state of great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved ; and that as, FR EE AND IN DEPENDENT STATES, they have full power to levy war, con- clude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, awl to do all other acts and things which INDEPENDENT STATES may of right do. And, for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of DIVINE PROVI- DENCE we mutually pledge to each other, our lives, our fortunes, and our Statred honor. The foregoing declaration was, by or- der of Congress. engrossed, and signed by the following members : JOHN HANCOCK. New Ha)npshire. JOSIAH BARTLETT, 1V IL LIAM W HIPPLE. MAT. THORNTON. Rhode Island. STEPHEN 110PKLN'8, WILLIAM ELLERY. Connecticut. ROGER SHERMAN, SAM lit STING IV M. WILLIAMS, OLIV:iR WOLCOTT. York. WILLIAM FLOYD, PHILIP LLVINGSTON, FRANCIS LEWIS, LEWIS MORRIS. New Jersey. RICHARD STOCKTON. .1. W ITHERSPOON, F. Rol:4(1\30N, JOHN 11ART, ABRAHAM CLARK. Pennsy_lcanza. ROBERT MORRIS, BENJAMIN Eussi, BENJ. FRANKLIN, JOHN MORTON, GEORGE CLYMER, JAMES SMITH, GEORGE TAYLOR, JAMES WILSON, GEORGE Ross. Massachusetts Bay. SAMUEL ADAMS, JOHN ADAMS, HORT. TREAT PAINE, ELBRIDGE GERRY. Delaware. CAESAR RODNEY, GEORGE READ, THOMAS 311.`KEAN. Maryland. SAMUEL CHASE, WILLIAM PACA, THOMAS STONE, CHAS. CARROLL, of Carrolton. GEORGE 1VYTHE. RICH. HENRY LEE. THOMAS JEFFERSON, BENJ. HARRISON, THOM. NELSONA MI.. F. LIGHTFOOT LEE. CARTER BRAXTON. North Carolina. WILLIAM HOOPER, JOSEPH HEWES, JOHN PENN. South Carolina. EDWARD RI7fLEDGE, T. HEYWARD. jun., THOM. LYNCH jt111.. AR. MIDDLETON. Georgia. BUTTON Gwi \NETT, LYMAN HALL. GEORGE WALTON. THIEVES, ALL OF THEM. The New York Times has at last de- termined to tell the truth, no matter who is hit, and discourses of affairs in South Carolina as follows: The facts in reference to that State seem to be about as well established as any historical facts can be, and they amount to this—the negroes, assisted by rascally whites, have held a sort of grand orgie in the State for several years, have swallowed up among them pretty nearly all the private property in the State, have ruined what may be called the native citi- zens even more thoroughly than the war had done, have robbed and harried like so many highwaymen, and have reduced the State to a condition which must shock every man who sees it or reads about it. The very Governor is a thief. The Leg- islature is a gang of thieves. Is this a -republican government\ such as the Constitution guarrantees to all the States? We venture to say that it is not —that on the contrary, it is a Govern- ment of which the republic has every reason to be ashamed. It i no longer emotional insanity, even. Morbid impulse is the euphemism. A TEXAS JAIL TRAGEDY. Texas papers give brief accounts of the assault upon the jail in Belton, Bell coun- ty, on the night of May 25, by a crowd of armed men, who overpowered the guard and shot nine prisoners, one a murderer and the other horse -thieves. It is said that for some time past the county has been infested with a number of men, principally horse thieves, and eleven men were confined in the county jail, nine of whom were in the cage. On Monday night. May 25, at about 1 o'clock, a crowd of 103 men, mounted and arueed, ap- proached the jail and demanded admis- sion of the Jailor, who with tour young men from the town, constituted the guard. Upon this being refused, they proceeded to break in and kill nine of the prisoners, (those confined in the cage.) Massey, in an adjoining room, who, sy Jul another prisoner, iN as nOL molested, says that the prisoners were questioned as to the charges againt them, and then shot. William Henry Grimbles cursed the killing party considerably, and on being missed on the first fire, invited them to try again, which they did. The jury of inquest rendered a verdict that they came to their death by gun and pis- tol shot wounds, inflicted by parties to them unknown. The public are unaware who the parties are who did the killing. The Sheriff was absent alter a prisoner. The following is the statement of Wil- kins, Deputy Sheriff of Bell Co. A posse of 103 men from the East, masked and . . armed, rode into the town of Belton and surrounded the jail, having heard there w:es to be a jail delivery by the friends of the parties in jail. The masked men took possession of the guard, broke open the jail and shot nine persons in their cells. Their names are as follows: W. L. Coleman—crime, killing his wile; a man named Cron, horse stealing; Win- field Beckwith, robbery; Marion McDon- ahlson. horse stealing; J. T. McDonalson (father), assault with intent to kill; Wm. F. Smith. a prisoner from Denton; Mc - Cowan, horse stealing; Henry Grimbles, murder; John Dailey alias Alexander, rob wry. The killing was done at 1.30 Tuesday morning.—[Daily Dispatch. A HASTY MARRIAGE -CURIOUS FRENCH MARRIAGE CASE. A suit has just been brought before the Court of Appeal for nullity of marriage by a lady moving in the best society, who, up to this moment, was believed to be a widow. It appears that after the death of her first husband, who bequeath- ed a handsome fortune, she met a man who had nothing to recommend him save a handsome mustache and gentlemanly demeanor. Struck with the appearance of this adventurer, who appeared to be smitten with her charms, she allowed him 40 liar, n mri in a mo- ments of weakness, she consented to be- come his mistress, and actually lived with him for four months. Yielding to the persuasions of her paramour, she crossed the channel, and was married at Dover, as she thought that the precise date of her marriage would not become known. No sooner had the marriage knot been tied than she found that the man to whom she had been united looked upon his marriage with her as a speculation which would enable him to enjoy life and devour her substance in riotous living with his mistresses and boon compan- ions. Great amusement we caused in court when the letters from the husband to his wife were read, containing as they did, a strange mixture of hypocrisy and low cunning Their style were so at variance with his general conduct that the too credulous woman at last became suspicious, and instituted inquiries into the social position and antecedents of the partner in life she had chosen. Her first discovery was that he had l'een con- demned by default to two months' im- prisonment for fraud, and she then was able to understand the ready consent he had given to the marriage ceremony be- ing performed in England, as had the publication of his marriage been made in French, he would have been immediate- ly discovered and arrested. She also learned to her reat astonish- ment, that her husband had undergone the punishment inflicted on him, having voluntarily surrendered himself into the hands of justice, a fact which enabled her to explain a two months' absence of her better half before the honeymoon had sped. To crown all, she became aware that her husband had pledged the jewel- ry given by his predecessor, and had given the proceeds to his mistress. The court taking into consideration that the parties had cohabited for some time, and that a child has been born and duly reg- istered as the issue cf the legal marriage, has rejected the petition or the lady, Who has now to take the consequences of her hasty step. TEXAS. Texas has just closed its event of the year—the State Fair. The display of grain, cotton; sugar -cane -products and improved long -horn cattle was large and attractive, while in other products the display attested to the wonderful resour- ces of this, geographically, largest of our States. During the fair the City of Houston, near which the grounds lie, has been visited by over 50,000 people, many from other States and counties. all of which show that the vast regiot: of the Southwest is being looked to as the great hatch -basin for the crowded capitalists. farmers, planters and stock -growers of the world, who want more room for the developoment of their special enterpri- ses. Texas is surely \coining up out of the wilderness.\—Chicago Jounial. eeee-•-eas An appropriate item under \Wit and Humor,\ appears, probably by accident, in a Western paper, as follows: \It is un- certain at what place death awaits thee; wait thou for it at every platse.\ \Pronounced individuality\ is the dis- ease from which the President is suffer- ing, Recording to the Ltartford Courant. \ON THE SIDE.\ Creditable wire-pulling—The laying of thecab le. terary ladies ought to wear—Book hat l Which is the longest rope in the world? Europe. s Therticle most sold at most fancy fairs —The H a slamming a door by a per- son in a passion a wooden oath. A definition for Sir Henry Thompson: Creroatien—A consume-ation devoutly to be M0 iS st: e ki t i l i . ds of roots and barks are now used a . medicines, except the cube root and tin bark of a dog. A ba k must be a poor place to impart a seeret.flis there is a cash -car and a teller there Veistantly. 1-VbA .irc. raoat. -unci-L-A%bie thiegs in the world? Mile -stones. You never see two of them together. A celebrated barrister was in the habit of saying: \I always study the Assibility of a case before I undertake it.\ The longest word in the English language is smiles, because there is a \mile\ between the first and last letters. There never lived a man who was lionized says an exchange, that it did not spoil. The editor evidently forgot the prophet Daniel. Minnie—I'm in such a quandary; for if I turn my back on Charley, he becomes of- fended at once, Ind if I don't he can't see my new buckle. What shall I do? A tempting iuducement—Cheerful agent for life insurance company—The advantage of our company is, that you do not forfeit your policy either by being hanged or com- miting suicide! Pray take a prospectus! A sick man, covered with mustard plas- ters, said—\If I were to eat a loaf of bread, I should be a walking sandwich.\ All the letters in the alphabet are con- tained in the following sentence: \Pohn P. Brady gave me a black walnut box of quite a small size.\ A French paper points out how the pas- sion for gambling in this country is shown by the fact even in wedding notices it is ne- cessary to state that there were \no cards.\ A Duluth paper says one of the streams running into Lake Superior from the North is called 'temperance River, because it is the only one of all the tributaries of the lake that has no bar at its mouth. In the Parliamentary report in a recent number of the London Times it was stated: \The Chairman was then ordered to \re- peat prayers.\ The words italicized should have read \report progress.\ \Have you Blasted Hopes?\ asked a young lady of a librarian with a handker- chief tied over his jaw. \ No, ma'am,\ said be, \it's only a blasted toothache.\ A literal -minded youngster was picked up by a visitor of the family, who, dandling lam on his knee, said: 'I wish I had this I little boy; I think there A% him \ To which promptly responded the child: \I know there is, for I swallowed a cent when I was at grandma's the other day.\ An Arizona girl shot her lover, and then nursed lam tenderly till he died. His last words were: \I forgive you, Mary; you d w i r d o i t t e: with an ivory -handled pistol.\ Whittier, being asked for his autograph, The name is but the shadow, which we find, Too often, larger than the man behind. At Winsor, Canada, a man raffled off his family Bible for ten cents a shake; in Buf- falo a man sold his only shanty for $10 to raise money to take himself and \old woman\ over to Canada to see a prize fight. Toast of a Fenian, suited to the Fourth: All hail! the American aigle ! Proud bird of freedom, all hail. The fowl that no one can invaigle, Or put salt on its beautiful tail.\ A young gentleman of Terre Haute re- marked to his female companion the other evening: \Ali ! the most beautiful even- ing in my recollection. Luna looks pecu- liarly beautiful.\ • • Was that her just went by?\ quickly asked the young lady. Two young princes of Austria entered into a violent quarrel, who one said to the other—\ You are the greatest ass in Vien- na.\ Just then the Emperor, their father, entered, and said, indignantly: \Come come, young gentlemen, you forget that I am present.\ \I don't believe it rained torty days and forty nights,\ said an unbelieving boy to his mother, \and that story about Noah and his ark, how could Noah bring all the ani- mals and birds from the four quarters of the earth. and not a railroad or a steamboat in the whole world.\ \Who's there ?\ said Jenkins, one cold winter night, disturbed in his repose by some one knocking :It the street door. \A friend.\ was the answer. \ What do you want?\ \Want to stay here all night.\ \Queer taste, ain't it? But stay there, by all means,\ was the benevolent reply. A little boy from Chicago, on going to the sea -side, saw a turtle in the hack yard of a hotel, when his astonishment knew no bounds. \Oh mother! mother!\ said the c hild, \come right away quick! for here's the queerest thing—a great black frog, with a hat on his back. creeping on his knees.\ \Our boy Fred.\ says a correspondent, \has a fine lot of hens, and takes great of the eggs. One night on coming from school he found the cook had rifled every nest of its contents, even to the nest eggs. Fred was in a terrible state of mind and sobbed out: \And oh, father, if you'll believe it, Bridget even cooked up the hens' patterns, egg gd this summer. \ y :t en i] e b r, e ., able to lay a good shaped g The former Chief of Pollee of Terre Haute, Ind., was recently married under unusual circumstances. His little son,tired of living without a mother, suggested to his father the lady whom he would accept as a stepmother. The lady was sought, and listened to the singular proposition. She awakened her little daughter and laid the subject before her. The child consent- ed to her mother's marriage, and it took place the very next day. \How do you do, Mr. Jones ?\ said a stranger, blandly smiling as he entered the store of a dealer. \Well thank you,\ stiffly rejoined Mr. Jones. \You don't seem to know me; I am Brown—used to live here,\ said the visitor. \I beg ten thoosand pardons, Mr. Brown,\ said Jones, relaxing and shaking hands cordially; \ex- cuse me, I thought you were a drummer.\ \so I am,\ saialirawa. Relapse of Jones. MISCELLANEOUS PARAGRAPHS. Gen. Howard having heard that Troehu has gone into religious retirement, has writ- ten to find out if there is another vacancy open for him. In Middletown, Conn., a magistrate has lately decided that a woman has a legal right to get drunk in her own house. There is great competition among the Western towns just now. No community wants to be last in writing up the grasshop- pers. It is said that the woman's right people of England are excessively annoyed because the Count de Montebello challenged the Prince de Metternich instead of the prin- cess, who affronted him. Judge Nott, of the Court of Claims, has decided that the wife of a judge may not practice as a lawyer before her husband, doubtless from fear that she would preju- dice the case of her client. General Washington's family Bib!e is ad- vertised for sale. It is in three large quarto volumes, and the public are gravely in fort l- ed that it was presented to Gen. Washing- ton by its author. A Mormon bridegroom was simultaneous- ly married to three blushing brides in Salt Lake recently. Some confusion was created after the ceremony by each bride persisting in her individual right to the first kiss. Mr. Beecher's remarks on t otal abstinence as the only escape from autograph -hunters, are illustrated by the fact that his secretary once kindly met a demand for that gentle- man's autograph by signing it himself, hav- ing, as he said, \power of attorney.\ If a Brahmin dies, his widow dons a garb either all white or all red. As these ladies of Bombay marry when seven or eight years of age, they are not untrequently widows at ten; after which they are forced to remain single and do the drudgery of the household. As an instance of the vilest ingratitude on record we refer to a Newburgh billygoat, who, after having his head extricated from a picket -fence through which he had thrust it to reach some tempting mouthfuls of grass, turned and butted his benefactor in- to the gutter. The \bag feat\ was accomplished by Madame Fontainbleau in a Chicago theater a few nights ago. It consists of leaping the gallery to the stage while enveloped in a bag, and catching by her feet on a trapeze. It was done to the intense delight of a large audience. Aldrich says of the Cambridge people: \They are very pleasant, very intellectual, very delightful, and they come and see you and talk like so many books; but when you approach them socially they all climb into their genealogical trees, as though they were frightened.\ \Who's there?\ said Jenkins, one cold Winter night, disturbed in his repose by some one knocking at the street door. \A friend,\ was the answer. \What do you want?\ \Want to stay here all night.\ \?=.. was taste the benevolent t reply. I t y. here by all . The aggregate capital and deposits of the commercial banks of San Francisco are esti- mated at $40,000,000; of the savings banks, $46,000,000; of the interest savings banks, $10,000,000; pprivate interior banks, $5.- 000,000—making in all a working capital of $101,000,000. The dividends disbursed by all the banks in the State last year amount - en to $10,000,000. So says an exchange. The Democratic Watchman of Bellefonte, Pa., reports that Senator Cameron and Col. Forney have become reconciled; that they are both to support Blaine . for President with all their might; that Cameron and his friends are to support Forney for the Uni- ted States Senate, and that in the event of Blaine's election Don Cameron is to be Sec- i r i e g t e a n r e y e. of the Treasury. Interesting intel- Londoners are to have trout fishing at their public parks. Mr. Frank Wickland has turned a number of young trout into the Serpentine, a sheet of water in Hyde Park resembling the pond in Central Park. where he hopes to raise a stock of fish suffi- cient to afford sport for citizens whose bu- siness or means will mot allow them to enjoy the healthy occupation of fishing in coun- try streams. Take of gum camphor a piece about one- third the size of an egg, and evaporate it by placing it in a tin vessel and holding it over a lamp or candle—taking care that it does not ignite. The smoke will soon till the room and expel the mosquitoes. One night, not long since, a family were terribly an- noyed by them, when the above remedy was thought of and tried after which I neither saw nor heard them that night, and next morning there was not one to be found in the room. Judge White gives us an evangelical story of the first water. One of his students was a convert at a protracted meeting. but not finding the peace he hoped from his conver- sion, he waited on his minister, and inform- ed him of his backsliding condition. Your heart is hardened by your profession,\ sol- emnly said the man of God. \Quit the law office; retire on your knees to your study , and be brought out either a Christian or a corpse.\ AFrench Count who boasted of Vs per- fection in the English language, wrote: \Be not surpriz'd i write so perfectly well in English, but since i am here i speak, and hear speaking all the day English, and dur- ing the nights, it some rats or mouses trou- ble me, i tell them 'Go-lon,' and they obey, understanding perfectly my English. Be- lieve the faithful friendship that i feel for you, since you were so much as high as my little finger.\ Another African explorer, in the person of Charles New. has started from England to follow up Livingstone's inquiries con- cerning the sources of the Nile. Mr. New is a corresponding member of the Royal Geographical Society,and of the British and Foreign Anti -slavery Society. The yield of gold in New Zealand up to the end of the year, 1872, was 6,718,218 ounces, valued at 25,814.2601., of which the north island furnished 734,269 ounees,worth 2,563,3071. This gold is obtained by lode mining in igneous rocks of the Neozoic epoch. The south island furnished 5,783,979 ounces, value 25,350,9531., chiefly obtained from the metamorphic rocks by alluvia washings. The number of emigrants who left Ire- land—being natives of that country—during the first fair months of last year. was 22,- 429. In the corresponding period last year the number was 31,901, so that there is a reductien of 9,463.. WAGON -ROAD INTO VALLEY. YOSEMITE tTHE MADISONIAN PVIILISIVED rvrair amrvireas, After years years of promise and years of de- lay. we are at length in a position to an- nounce that a wagon -road has been com- pleted into the Yosemite Valley, and that it is, therefore, no longer necessary to use the saddle in making the trip to it. The road was built by private enterprise, without State aid, the privilege of col- lecting toll being the only remuneration. The new road is available by two of the four routes to the valley, viz: that by Cottltervilie, and that by the Calaveras Big Tree Grove and Chinese Camp. The time of starting from the city has been changed and the time consumed in reach- ing the valley greatly shortened. Tour- ists now leave at 7 a. in. instead of 4 p. in. They reach Merced at 3:30 and take din- ner there; thence to Snelling's on odd days of the month only ; stop overnight Slistinie-'s and leave at 5 a. m. next day and arrive in the valley the same night at 7 p. in.. Returning, leave the valley hotels at 5 a. in. and arrive at Merced the same night and stay over there ; leave the next morning at 5:20 a. m. and reach the city at 12:40 p. ne the same day. Those who have heretofore been deterred from visiting Yosemite, be- cause of the necessity of using the sad- dle-horse have now that prohibition re- moved. ADVENTURE WITH A SNAKE. A lady residing near Coopertown. Tenn., had a very unpleasant adventure with a snake the other day. She had just step- ped into the edge of a grove when she felt something moving about her right foot. Stooping forward to see what it was, a large adder struck her in the breast, his fangs fastening in the bosom of her dress. It then dropped back and she discovered that she was standing on the reptile's tail. Her first impulse was to run, but before .she could move the snake began coiling itself around her ankle. With great presence of mind she seized an f‘pportune moment to place her left foot on the reptile's head. There she stood. one foot upon the head of the snake and nearly his whole length coiled around her other ankle. She was too far away from any one to summon help and she was compelled to undergo the loath- some ordeal of unwinding the coils that the monster had thrown around her. This she succeeded in doing, the snake meantime writhing and twisting with allits power. She then, by a quick movement, dashed its head against a tree. and while it lay stunned, pounded its head to a jelly with a stone. For sever- al hours afterward her hands .and arms were much swollen and of a dark color, but this soon passed away. A LION HUNT ON A STEAMsIIIP- FOUR LIONS SHOT FROIL TILE DECK. Lion hunting on board a steamship is certainly a novelty, yet the passengers and crew of the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Navigation Company's vessel City of London seems to have had a most ex- citing and successful lion hunt on the 1901 of March last. From the account given by a corres- pondent of the Times of India, it appears that on the morning of that day, when at the junction of the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris, where the rivers had over- flowed the embanktneet. three full - crown lions were seen walking along the shore in the water about a mile ahead of the steamer. On nearing the beast, one was shot dead while trying to swim to- ward the ship. The launch was manned to pick up the carcass, and the steamer pursued the two others, who turued to charge the vessel. After many shots had been tired at them one was struck dead by the commander, and the other was shortly afterwards dispatched by a bullet from a Snider. The steamer then approached the bank, and the dead lions. or rather lionesses, for such they proved to be, were taken on board. About ten minutes later a large male lion was ob- served crouching down on a small tract of ground surrounded with water, and waving his tail, perhaps as a signal of distress. On being fired at he gave a tremendous roar, and with his mane standing on end, advanced to charge the ship, when a fresh volley laid him low. He, too, was carried on board when thor- oughly dead. and his dimensions were as follows: Length from head to end ot tail, 9 feet 9 inches; length of body, 6 feet 7 inches; height. 3 feet 9 1-2 inches; weight, 420 pounds. The like of this in- cident it is stated, had never occurred be- fore in that part of Mesopetamia. WOMAN'S S Y CFFRAGE IN MICHIGAN The canvass in Michigan on the con- stitutional amendment to confer suffrage upon women proceeds with increasing ardor. The latest bone of contention in it is the part taken in the discussion by Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton. It appears that some zealous spirits, fearing that the canvass in behalf of the amendment might flag. invited Mrs. Stanton to aid them. But the friends of the measure in the rural districts are not prepared to adopt her views in full, and it seems like- ly that she has dealt her own cause a severe blow. The Adrian Times, which urges the adoption of the amendment, says: \We do not believe that any votes for woman suffrage can be secured by in- dulging in wholesale denunciation of the tyranny of man, by holding WOMCF1 up to sympathy as slaves, and by asser- tions that they are a down -trodden and abused sex. 'There is more fustian than fact about this.\ And another paper which has earnestly favored the move- ment says: \The rash talk Indulged in by Mrs. Stanton is exciting much com- ment, and will stimulate hostility to the woman -suffrage movement if continued.\ —N. Y. Evening Post. Nothing (natributes so much to the • ''Music of tha Fuaire\ as marriage, Virginia City, • liontasa. THOMAS DEYARMON Editor and Proprietor. Papers ordered to any- address can be changed to another address attibe option of the suceeriber. Remittance by draft, check. mousy order or registeredl letter may be swat at our risk. THE MADISONIAN fa elevoted to ibe advocacy of the principles of the Demoeiratio party and to general and local news A FIGHT WITH THE FIBER. A Fifty Hours Ruck at rare with a Loss of 811,000. One day last week a professional gambler went into a faro bank on Clark street to have an engagement with the \tiger.\ He commenced playing. lost, won. lost again, continued losing: and finally at the end of fifty hours he quit the engagement out of pocket to the amount of $11,000. During this season of fifty hours the game was unbroken. The gambler never slept for a moment. never stopped to eat a meal, but carried the whole tremendous enterprise, through without rest, cessation or re- freshment. The wonderful thing of this is not the amount lost by the player. although it was a sufficiently bad thing for him, or the amount won by the bank, which was a notably good thing for the bank, but the enormous endurwee shol\r hr loser. The case is one nearly or quite without a parallel. Men have ridden, spoken and done mans- other things for twenty-four or thirty hours at a stretch, but a case other than the present one is unknown in which a labor was carried through so long a period—a labor which involved so tremendoes a mental wear and tear, and was, therefore, trebly ardu- ous in its effect upon the system of the chief participant. The event is also no- ticeable as shown the absorbing power of gaming. One cannot fancy any task which would induce or force a man to de- prive himself during the same period of sleep or refreshment. One watching by the bedside of a dying child would suc- cumb within less than this period. A man who had the certainty of living but fifty hours would probably spend one fourth of it in sleep, and would give due attention to his food. One escaping from a deadly foe, and knowing that every in- stant's delay might prove fatal, wouhi not fly for so long a time without snatch- ing now and then momentary rest. in short. one can conceive of no other cir- cumstances in which a man would give fifty unbroken hours to a single task— ciremnstances more especially which should tear the ehief actor with hope and fear, and harrass him incessantly with the operation of the most destructive of the emotions. Could some one perform a similar feat in the interest of charity, or country, or friendship, he would secure for himself a very fair grade of immortal- ity.—Chicago Times. • 11w•-•-••MII RESCUED FROM DE tTit-its:n IN 118 ENCES OF THE RES1 SI TATED. It has been asserted by several very honest, but probably incompetent per- sons, that they have experienced a con- sciousness of being out of the body. The eases of Cardan and Von Helmot have been mentioned; but perhaps the clearest and most positive testimony to the fact is that given by Dr. Adam Clarke, the learned Wesleyan, who, when relating Ills recovery from drowning, stated to Dr. Lettsom. that during the period of his apparent unconsciousness he felt a new kind of life. These are his words: \All my views and ideas seemed instant- ly and entirely changed. and I had sensa- tions of the most perfect felicity that it is possible, independently of rapture, for the human mind to feel. I had no pain from the moment I was submerged; a kind of green color liecame visible to me, a multitude of objects were seen, not one of which, however, bore the least 'analo- gy to anything I had ever beheld be fore.\ When preaching in aid of the Humane Society, at the City -Road Chapel, in Lon- don, he said: \I was submerged a suffi- ciently long time according to my appre- hensions, and the knowledge I now have of physiology, for me to have i)eeti so completely dead as never more to exist in this world, had it not been for that Providence which as it were, once more breathed into me the breath ofthis life.\ Mr. Green, in his Dairy, mentions a person who had been hung. and cut down on a reprieve, who, being asked what were his sensations, stated, that the preparations were dreadful beyond ex- pression, but that on being dropped he instantly found himself sunk! fields and rivers of blood, which gradually acquir- ed a greenish tinge. Imagining that if he could reach a certain spot he shou:d be easy, he seemed to himself to struggle forcibly to attain it, and then he felt no more. Here we find a green color again mentioned as the last hnpression on the mind, which perhaps may be explained on the principle mentioned in the chap- ter on light. The first effect of strangu- lation is a retardation of blood, which causes a red color to appear beyond the eye; but green always succeeds to red, unless the eye be directed to some other color. It is interresting to observe how, in the midst of the most violent struggle to which a human being can be subjected,. the soul dissociates itself from the past and the present, and interprets impres- sion in keeping with its desire, which seem ever to be capable of conferring a new world of thought according to its kind. Deep mining is necessarily becoming the rule in most of the older and many of' the new mining districts. The deepest artesian borine - in the world is that near Berlin where the auger has been driven 1.270 meters. The discovery of rich de- posits of silver in some Rohetnian mines, has led to the deepening of the shaft 1.200 meters, or 4,000 feet. This is a new dis- proof of the vague assertion that metallif- .erous veins give out in depth. But it is in coal mining that greatest develop- ments in deep working are now taking place. In Belgium the shafts deseend 100 meters (300 feet) every ten years, on the average, and individual mines, of course. are carried down more rapidly. One in Belgium is more than 3.000 feet deep. In some remarks before the Socie- ty for the Encouragement of Material In- dustry, in Paris, Prof. Gruner said that the extraction of coal throughout the world amounted to 240,000.000 tons year- ly, which might be valued at ten francs at the mine. This gives a total value for coal of $180,000,000 (geld) while all other' mining products toget her do not exotes1 $:320,000,000 In Vatiie,