What is this?
Optical character recognition (OCR) is an automated process that converts a digital image containing numbers and letters into computer-readable numbers and letters. The search engine used on this web site searches OCR-generated text for the word or phrase you are looking for. Please note that OCR is not 100 percent accurate. If the original image is blurry, has extraneous marks, or contains ornate font styles or very small text, the OCR process will produce nonsense characters, extraneous spaces, and other errors, such as those you may see on this page. In addition, the OCR process cannot interpret images and may ignore them or render them as strings of nonsense characters. Despite these drawbacks, OCR remains a powerful tool for making newspaper pages accessible by searching.
THE MADISONIAN. • - SATURDAY. army II, um. --- OFFICE, Two doors West from Wells, Far- go a (.O'S. 0 -10. 4 0 -0 - TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. p i n:Le n tar b, : s in advance) $5 00 Three Months 2 50 1 50 •111.08 0 ADVERTISING RATES. THE MADISIONIAN, as an advertising me dium. is equal to any paper in Montana. m 1 m m .4 .4 1 4 .4 * 3.• 2.1 a ..-•. ;... +V V i ..... ... .?:. V i ...• i 1.0 1 se , -pi -.:.: ' : T.: i Inch .. 2 Inches ..... 3 Inches 7 9 11 4 Inches 6 Inches 10 12 L3 Inches IS 24 1,5 Inches. 301 40 s $7 $S $10 $15i$20 $25 9 10 12 201 30 40 11 12 15 251 37 55 12 14 17 301 45 70 15 1:4 24 381 61 90 30 34 40 55; 90 140 50 55 65 75115o234 The above scale of prices Is for ordinary sin - fie -column. display advertising. Solid and tabular advertisements will be charged at the 4 acit rate ior space occupied. LOCAL NOTICES, Fifteen cents per line for ffrst, and ten cents is^r line for each additional insertiuu. CARDS, One-half inch, $2 for one insertion; $3 fur two insertions; $6 per quarter; $16 per year. Icy- The foregoing schedule of priors will be strictly adhered to. All advertisements counted in Nonpareil measure. 013 1 1 °11,17NT II'S - Gr a Of every description, executed in the best and ueatest style. and on reasonable terms. NEWSPA.PER DECISIONS. 1. Any one who takes a paper regularly from the Postoftice—whether directed to his name or another's, or whether he has subscribed or not —is responsible for the payment. 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arreantges, or the publisher inav continue to send it until payment is made, anti collect the whole amount, whether the pa- per is taken from the °dice or not. 3. The courts have decided that refusing to take the newspapers or periodicals from the Postoffice, or rernoving and leaving them un- called for, is prima facia evidence of intention- al fraud. PROFISSiONAL. G. F. COWAN. Marne) and Counseior at Law. Itnitersberz. if on tana Territory. HE\iY F. WILLI 111c, Att'y & Counselor at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA OFFICE over the Post Officer. I. E. CALLAWAY. ..X.ttovne3 - and ( l(mn- selor at 1.aAN\. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. oFF F., adjoining the office of the Secre- tary of the Territory TOoLE. J. K. TOOLE.. TOOLE & TOOLE. t)rney i.-4 - 1N1kr, HELZNA. MONTANA. wi:i practire in all the Courts. of Montana. 101IN T \114 )ILE it T. J. LOwERT. SHOBER & LOWERY, Attorneys anti vt)ttn- selm-s ztt. HELENA, M. T. Will practice in all the Courts of Montana SAMUEL WORD, Ai t ›rney at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. JAMES G. SPRATT, Attorney , and CtInn- selor at Law. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA. Will practice in all the Courts of Montana. R. W. HILL. Attorney at 1_4aw, (.JALLATIN tITY.MIL T. W. F. SANDERS, Attovney and Coun- selor at Law. HELENA, M. T. Will practice in all Coen. of Record in Montana. C. W. TURNER, 14AWY 1iEt, VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. )FFICE: Adjoining Colonel Call away's. WM. F. K I KWOOD, Attorney at Law, VIRGINIA CITY. Can be found at Judge Spratt's office or Pro- bate Court Rooms. Will practice in all the tourts of the Territory. GEORGE CALLAWAY, M. D. Physician and Surgeon. VII1GINIA CITY, Al NTANA. OFFICE, at the Law Office of J. E. Calla- way, Esq. , until further notice I. C. SMITH, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. Office at the Old Le Beau Stand, Wallace street, where he can be found night or day E. T. YAGER, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. Will practice in all branches. oniee one door above the City Drug Store. H. B. ARKLEY, M. D. Physician & Surgeon. RADERSBURG, M. T. I -r s had twenty-one years' experience in III his l•rt•fession—fpur years of that dine siirgeon in the Confederate army. Ile is pre - Patel to pei - form all kinds of surgery. FEM ALE 470MPLA I N TS, his exPe- neace is Wit surpassed by any fiository physician in the YO TII0SE WHO HAVE VENEREAL ‘vr.lbuiniuptivt , Laivr.....4j s.ouorrhea, if called upon lays after the first appearance, he will cere in seventy-two hours. .In aeWILL eure in nee da.yri. ./lis tre.atzsent is different from an 0 1 7 51- L az this Territory. Ile is p for VOL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY - , MONTANA, SATURDAY, JULY 11,1874. 1_''()1Erlat, Y. DECORATION. \Manibus date lilia plenis.\ BY T. W. nieGissost. (From Scribner's for June.] Mid the flower-wreath'd tombs I stand Bearing lilies in my hand, Consiades ! in what soldier -grave Sleeps the bravest of the brave ? Is it he who sank to rest With his colors round his breast? Friendship makes his tomb a shrine ; Garlands veil it; ask not mine. One low grave, yon trees beneath, Bears no roses. wears no wreath; Yet no heart more high and warm Ever dared the battle -storm. Never gleamed a pro:hider eye In the front of victory, Never foot had firmer tread On the field where hope lay dead Than are hid within this tomb, Where the untended grasses bloom ; And no stone, with tetgn'd distress, Mocks the sacred loneliness. Youth and beauty, dauntless will, Dreams that life could ne'er fulfill, Here he buried ; here in peace Wrongs awl woes have found release. Turning trom my comrades' eyes, Kneeling where a woman lies, I strew lilies on the grave 01 the bravest of the brave. Newport, R. I., Decoration Day, 1873. A MAIDEN'S SOLILOQII . He kissed me, and I knew 'twits wrong, For he was neither kith nor kin ; Need °tie do penance very lung For auch a tiny lit le siu Ile pressed my hand; that wasn't right. sa hy will Men li.s‘e ./t1cli wicked ways ? It wasn't fur it iniiiiite—qaite— Bat in it tuere were days and days. Th,a-e's mischief in the maim, I know; positive 1 511W ner wink Whelk t requestett him io go; I Meant .t, too -1 &awl& mink. But, after all, I'm not to blame ; Ile took tile kiss. I do thins men Are quite without a sense of saltine— I wonder when he'll cull again. DO SOMETHING. If the world seems cool to you, Kindle tires to warm it! Let teem cumfort hide ti urn you Winters Oa. del 'tin it. Hearts as frozen as your own To that .adiance gicher ; You Wish soon forget to moan, 'An ! the cneerless weather !'' If the world's a \vale of tears,\ Siu.ie, till rainbows span it ; Breathe the iuve that life endears— Clear from clouds to fan it, Of your gla41nes lend a gleam 4...at:z 8 .8:6 .,flier ; &tow =h. in how dark sorrow's stream, Blends who Hope's bright river ! J...ALOUSY AND ATTEMPTED MUR- DER. An attempt at inunier ‘ caused by jeal- ousy, was made a few days ago in Pans by M. Henri alane I Isle, aged t wen- y - eight, a brother ot the three asaresses. Galli-M ric, the classic \Mignon Irina, the creni nix of - Fltier de 'Uhl' anti Pao- lo. the Clairette of he \Fdle de la Mere Angot\ The whole family descend trout the tamous author ot the \Mar - Henri is a married man, but suspecting his wife's infidelity, had sepa- rated from her, and nourished projects of vengeance against her on that score. Having reason to suppose that she would pass along the Rue Prony late in the evening, he took up his station at a cate at the corner of the Boulevard de Cour- cells' and soon after eleven perceived her coining in that direction. He rushed out and seized her by the arm, and a violent altercation ensued. On the arrival of police agents, who attempted to arrest him, he started from them, and, drawing out a poignard, struck at his wife a vio- lent blow which pierced her right arm. He then took to ltrht, but was arrested just as he was entering the house of his sister Paola. On being interrogated he declared that he had intended to kill his wife and then poison himself. Ile was removed to prison. THEY HAVE A RIGHT TO GO. There can be no doubt but the govern- ment has a right to semi an exploring expedition into the Black Hills of Dako- ta, regard:ess of the fact that most ot that region is an Indian reservation. It it is necessary to send a military force to pro- tect that exploring expedition from the assaults ot the Indians, it is clearly, the duty of the government to do so. No part of the country can be permitted to be locked up in the manner in which the Indians have closed this region. We can not afford to have them occupy any sect- ion, and, like the dog in the manger, neither use it themselves, nor permit others to do so. There' is good reason to believe that the Black Hills country is rich in minerals. if so, the white people %sant them, and the Indians do not. Any other land is quite as useful to them, and as they only hold their reservations by permission of the Government, they have no right to attempt to shut out its repre- sentatives.—Mumeapolis Tribune. A HORRIBLE PLACE TO LIVE IN. The New Orleans workhouse MUSE be a horrible place to live hi. It has lately come under notice on account of a death which occurred in one of its cells. A man with delirium tremens was making a noise which he could not help. and dis- turbed the keeper's sleep. He was thrust into the black hole of the establishment, and ill addition put into the stocks until his fits should pass. His noise became fainter and finally ceased, and then the keeper could sleep. In the morning the man was found dead itt the stocks. He was tumbled into a ready-made box and planted in the private gntveyard of the prison -house, without an inquest or pray- ers or tears. The other prisoners did not like the looks of things around them, and one of them told about how Henry Gal.a- gher died and was buried, in a letter to a newspaper. The statement made a stir among the police. It is a handy thing to have ready-made coffins and a private grave -yard, and all that. but it is likely the workhouse keepers will be obliged to produce their funeral register for inipec- tion and give accounts of boss their pris- oners died. The graves are to be count- ed, anyhow, though many of them are nameless. As a general thing people, when they are brought to the work house, have no use for a name, but they are entitled to a little history in the pub - 11c record when they die.. AN IMPORTANT INVENTION. One of the most important recent in- ventions is that of Mr. Thomas Griffith, of Livernool, England. It consists of a waterproof paint which forms a firm coating on the surface of the article to which it is applied. By this means the I surface is rendered absolutely waterproof. however porous it may be. The material is consequently intended not only for decorative purposes, but to be applied as a water -proof coating to the walls or foundations of dwelling -houses or struct- ures of brick, plaster, wood or iron. It is also well adapted for covering the bot- toms of vessels, or submerged structures of any description. Various trials have at different times been made of it. At Portobello it was tried on iron plates, and there were immerseo for three months in sea -water. At the expiration of that time the plates were taken up and examined, when it was found they look- ed fresh and clean as ever, and quite free from seaweed; and on some of the enamel being scraped off, the metals showed no signs of rust, although plates treated in the same way, where other kinds of plates being used, were both foul and greatly oxidized. Some of this paint was ap- plied to steamers trading to Africa from Liverpool, and these showed no signs of corrosion on their return. Its smooth surface gives it a sanitary value for the reason that it defies the attacks of the white ants. Walls covered with it are smooth and polished and can therefore be washed with soap and water of disin- fecting fluids. The enamel is available for painting the walls of hospitals, fever wards; etc., as the porosity of the plaster is entirely stopped, thus preventing in- fection from being absorbed. It can he made of any color. Various processes for preserving ships' bottoms from foul- ing have been brought. before the public, and patents on the subjects are numerous. The earliest of these was taken out in 1595; No. 341, by Charles Ardesoll, \tor a new hive nted composition which will preserve ships from the worms, insomuch that any sinp may. by virtue of the same, continue at sea for four or five years without receiving any damage from the worms.\ Since that various methods have been employed with greater or less success. The ( hief merit claimed by Mr. Griffith, is that of simplicity of applica- tion, as it is simply spread on with a brush, like common paint and sets even ou a wet surface. o•—•—on A Tn 1.431 IC TALE. The death of Prince Alexander Witt- genstein, of Geemany, has revived many romantic and tragical incidents in his stood:ere(' lire k fining the rest that concerning - the untimety death of his son, Prince Adolph. a richly -gifted and geni- al youth, is the most noteworth% . The boy was exceedingly fond of painting, was a tolerable poet, and possessed one of the most remarkable tenor voices ever caged 111 human throat. Unhappily. he was seized with a passion for gambling, popular voice of Grmany; and, after squandering thousands of dollars at the faro -table. his father took the harsh steps of publishing in the papers that he (the father) would no longer be responsible for his son's debts, and concluded by dis- inheriting him. Prince Adolph thereupon went to Ber- lin, and studied music with the intent to adopt it as a profession. Ullman, hearing of the wonderful sweetness and capacity of his voice, eneaged him to make a tour to America, paying him large sums in advance, which the Prince imme- diately proceeded to lose in play. The unfortunate young man did not live to reach America, but died during the voy- age, in the arms of the impressario—it is supposed of sea -sickness. Ile was but little above thirty years of age at the time of his death. Since then the Castle of Wittgenstein has been empty, for his mother deserted the husband who had sent her son to a premature death, and his twin -brother refused ever to look on the face of the unnatural father. Thus the wealthy Prince Alexander, once hon- ored and beloved, died alone, unattended and unmounted by a single member of his family. A HOG THAT WENT TO A FUNERAL. A few days ago says the Louisville Courier -Journal , while a funeral proces- sion was coining up Ninth street on the way to Cave 11111 Cemetery, a hog, ap- parently about one year of age, ran from the corner of N nith and Jefferson, and followed after the hearse. The corpse was that of a man who died on Eigh- teenth street. But the fact has no con- nection with the singular action of the swine. After proceeding for some dis- tance between the hearse and the first ear- riage, only uttering now and then a friendly grunt, some persons attending the carriages tried to drive the brute away, but instead of running out oft the way he only stuck closer to the wheels of the hearse, and thus he followed on to the grave. Here he skirmished out to one side and stood watching the proceed- ings until the coffin was lowered. Then he save a sudden spring and rushed squealing up to the grave, in spite of the men to beat him back, and had he not been caught by the hind legs and held fast. would have jumped headlong into time grave. The man who caught the hog is a hack driver, who now has possession of the crazy creature, and conjectures as to the probable cause of this singular swinish feature. A quaint old fisherman along toward dusk was fishing in a trout stream, and as he flung his fly over the water it WAS suddenly snapped by a large bat. The strange looking thing dangled and flap- ped its wings at the end of the line. The 'rhe fisherman's companion called out: -Say, Sam, got anything?\ \Ye -as,\ looking at the bat on his hook. \What is it?\ \I dunno unless it's &cherubim!\ Six young ladies are announced to be studying for the bar in London. RAILROAD LITIGATION IN THE WEST. The Western papers by mail clear up a pispateh received a few days ago in rela tion to the railroad litigation now in pro- gress in Illinois. It was the United States Circuit Court—Judges Drummond and Treat—sitting at Springfield, which quashed the certiorari for the transfer of the railroad cases to the Federal courts under the Fourteenth Amendment. The Illinois railroads will therefore have to fight their battles, at least for the present, in the State courts. This decision, too, cannot fail to have an effect upon the United States Circuit Court for Wiscon- sin, before which a motion for an in- junction to restrain the Wisconsin Com- missioners from executing the railroad law of the State is now pending on the same grounds precisely, namely : the Fourteenth Amendment. We are not likely to be treated to the extraordinary spectacle of two circuit courts in violent antagonism upon the same question of constitutional construction. A ROMANCE.. Appearing in a Nashville paper, wheth- er original therewith or not, and credited to one J. Bateman Smith, is a tremend- ous romance of facts in Fayetteville, from which the appended chaste descrip- tions of the lovers concerned may be tastefully quoted: He was young. he was lair, and he part- ed his hair, like the average beau, in the middle; lie was proud, he was bold, but the truth must be told, he played like a fiend on the fiddle. But, aside from this vice, he was everythine nice, and his heart was so loving and tender, that he always turned pale %Own be trod on the tail of the eat lying down by the tender. Ile clerked in the store, and the way he tore oft ealico, jeans, and brown sheeting, would have tickled a call, and made the brute laugh in the face of a quarterly meeting. He cut quite a (lash with a dam' - hug mustache, which he learned to adore and to cherish; for one girl had said, when she drooped her proud head, that 'twould kill her to see the thing perish. On a Sunday he'd search the strait road to the church, unheeding the voice of the scorner: and demurely he sat, like a young tabby cat, with the saints in the far amen corner. He sang like a bird, and his sweet voice was heard thirly tug- giug away at long metre; and we speak but the truth when we say that this youth could ()wahine a hungry musketer. -She was young, she was titir, and she scrambled her hair like the average belle of the city; she was proud, but not bold, yet the truth must be told, that the way she WnY wes a Lem B u t, as id e from this vice, she was everything nice, and the world must applaud her bustle; and the Fayetteville boys, being cahned by the noise, walked miles just to hear the thing rustle. She cut quite a swell, did this wax -chewing belle, and the men flocked in armies to meet her, but she gave them the shirk, for she loved the young clerk who sang like a hungry musket°. So she hemmed and she hawed, and she sighed and she chawed, until her heart and her jaws were both broken; then she walked by his store, while lie stood at the door awaiting some amative token. She raised up her eyes with a pretty surprise, and tried to enact the Proud scorner; but, to tell the plain truth. she just grinned at the youth who loved the devout amen corner. PREVENTION OF SUNSTROKE. As the heated term is rapidly approach- ing, we give the following specific for sunstroke, which may save from illness or death many whose occupation com- pels them to be in the field or on the street: \About a year since I saw in a newspaper an account of a case of sun- stroke, written by the party himself. After suffering a long time from the attack, and having to a considerable de- gree recovered, he experienced suffering, even front the rays of the moon. This led hum to reflection that it was not alto- gether the heat of the sun that produced prostration. Alter much research, he discovered that the injury came from the chemical ray, and not from the heat ray. Ile was guided to this by observing the fact that a photograph could not betaken through a leillow glass. Accordingly, he lined his hat with two linings—one of orange yellow to arrest the chemical may, and one of green to arrest the heat ray. Thus prepared he went where rays of the sun were most intense with perfect impu- nity. It is well known that the negro is seldom sunstruck. The color of his skin over the skull being of the orange yellow. may assist in accounting for the fact. I practiced upon this suggestion all last summer. lined my hat with green and orange yellow paper. and had confidence enough in the truth of the theory to neg- lect my umbrella, which I had never done before. I mentioned it to many, who tried it also, and in many cases that came under my observation they uniform- ly asserted that the oppressive heat of the suit upon the head was much relieved.\— Syracuse (N. Y.) Journal. THREE T IIOUSAND FIVE HUN- DRED MIL S BY RAILROAD. The new route between San Francisco and New York is thus composed: Miles. Central Pac lac—San Francisco to Ogden. .878 Union Pacific—Ogden to Kearney t35 Burlington & Missouri River, in Neb.— Kearney to Hastings 40 St. Joseph & Denver City—Hastings to St. Joseph 226 Hannibal & St. Joseph—St. Joseph to Hannibal 206 Hannibal to Louisiana 05 Chicago and Alton—Louisiana to Chicago 275 Michigan Central—Chicago to Detroit... 281 Great Western—Detroit to Suspension Bridge 2,230 New York Central—Suspension Bridge to New York 447 Across the Continent 3,446 TO BOSTON. San Francisco to Chicago 2,41105 Chicago to Albany .... . 818 .• 301 Albany to Boston. 3,5 4 El3r1 Francisco to Chicago via Northwestern ItrAlroad. 2,14 miles NO. 30) • PAPER 1FIAGS. Not many years ago these articles, so necessary in every description of retail business, were generally made by the consumer, and were but rarely purchased. Now the reverse is the case. They are but seldom made by the person using them, and, in consequence, a great trade is done in them, many persons being wholly employed in the business. Many patents have been taken out to produce them by machinery. They are thus made not only of the ordinary old-f:tsh- ion al shape, but also with square bot- toms, with rounded bottoms, with gusset side. They are also made in endless tubes, and cut off in lengths. Perhaps the latest invention is that of Mr. Low, of Chatham, N. Y., and is described as 'a lees deviee for making paper bags in one piece from a roll of paper.' The paper is folchd in the direction of its .length from the two sides, so that the edges overlap one another about an inch in the center, the edges being pasted to- gether. The paper is drawn through a folding machine, with the seam on the upper side, centrally, by a pair of rollers, which feed it along to the devices for forming the bottom of the bag. The feed -rollers then stop until the bottom is formed and the bag cut oft' the required length, when they again feed it forward, pushing out of the machine the bag al- ready formed, and so on, making a bag at every revolution of the machine. eme-4--ealt FAMINE IN JERUSALEM. Very painful news has arrived from Jerusalem. A grievous famine prevails there, and a measure of coin, which at 20 piastres would usually have been con- sidered beyond the reach of all but the rich, is now sold for 42 piastres.. Jerusa- lem depends for its supply of bread upon the crops raised on the plains of Sharon and in the valley of the Jordan. But this year the Jordon overflowed, and all time plains on the western side were converted into swamps. The consequence has been an actual famine in Jerusalem, and the leading Jews of the holy city have sent a most pathetic appeal for aid to;their co - religionist, the venerable Sir Moses Mon- tetiore, imi London. Dating their appeal \29th Nisan, 5,634,\ they say that they grieve to sadden his old age with their woes ; but, they add, \the tearful neces- hies, of the Daughter of Jerusalem, and the cries for bread front thousands of souls who have never before sullered from such sore need, urge us to cry aloud anti spare not. We appeal to those teelings of pity and merey which have their dwelling -place in your heart, 0 PPiocar of our nation ! as well as in the hearts of the people of thy God of Abs a - ham, who at your call will rally round to help Zion, and to give bread unto the inhabitants thereof. For all her people sigh ; they seek bread ; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve their souls. A greivous famine has sud- denly come upon us. We are become a reproach to our neighbors, who cry: Where are you brethren, you mighty ones, those who are of old men renowned for benevolence? Let them arise and help, and do valiantly in Israel.' Sir, the eyes of the people of Israel turn unto you, who have ever been a father unto Jerusalem, that you may arise and save, by great deliverance, the lives of 10.000 inhabitants, of Jerusalem. who faint for hunger, and whose souls are bowed down to the dust.\ Probably the best showing NN hiC11 any Territory has made in latter years, for admission into the Union, is that made now by Co:orado. She has 644 hulks of railroad already completed ; her indus- trial product in 1873, exceeded $20,000.- 000. There are tell National Banks in Colorado. The assessed value of proper- ty is $50,000,000, and the real value is not far from $100,000,000. There are 7,000,000 acres of land tit for agriculture. The registered vote is over 25,000, and the en- tire population is estimated at 150.000. There are 137 Post -offices in the Terri- tory. The population is intelligent. homogeneous, and enterprising.—Bulle- tin. A SKUNII STORY. The Grand Junction (Iowa) Headlight tells the following savory story, which beats the lion -and -Iamb business all out of sight : \The little four -year -old son of one of our citizens has had an experience with a pet that has not heretofore been domesti- cated. A few days ago his father re- turned home, and the little boy said that he had a dog out in a box, which he wished his father to see. After consider- able urging. the father concluded that he would go and see the pup. There had been a dry goods box placed in the door - yard, bottom -side up, and the \little dog\ ran in and out at pleasure through a place where the box had been broken. The father was surprised on approaching the box to see the child run up and take hold of—not a dog—but a large skunk the child had been petting and playing with for several hours. His skunkship seemed to enjoy the sport as well as the boy, and would allow itself, to be fondled just like a kitten, without doing the mean things that some people's skunks do. 10. 0. '40\\\ l a The location of the Grand Union De- pot in Sr. Louis, is already a fixed fact. It will be located between Twelfth and Fourteenth Streets, and its dimensions will be 250x740 feet. It is to be built of the best material and upon the latest ap- proved plan. From the well known character and ability of those having it In charge, we have no doubt it will equal in elegance and convenience, any depot in the country. The . are thoroughly ymanaros uosfed toramtheen ote,mcperaneeaL crusade, and are determined to make a hard we fight s ag tst a o ir the \Loaal Option\ la f the THE CURRENCY BILL SIGNED. The President has signed the Currency bill. This bill fixes the greenback cir- culation at $382,000.000. In other words, it legalized the emission of $26,000,000 of the reserve by the Administration during the late panic. The bill makes no pro- vision in relation to the rentaining $18, 600,000 of that nun!. The presumptiou is that in case of another panic they may also be issued. We have here construct- ively an actual inflation of $26,000;000, and a possible inflation of $44,000.000. Another section of the bill provides for the redistribution of' $52,000,000 among the National Banks now held by States in excess of their quotas and including a few millions not called for at all. There is no intlatioe here, but there is, con- structively, in the provision repealing the clause in the existing law compenites the banks to keep a reserve. The argu- ment is that the bonds deposited by the banks are security enough. The amount that will be set free by this means was stated by Morton to be $30,000,000. We have here also a constructive inflation to that amount. Of course all banks, prop- erly managed, keep a reserve, whetlwr the law of Congress compels them or not A law of their business forces them to do so. But they call let it out now at times where there is no danger. Upon the whole, though there is some con- structive inflation, the Currency bill does little more than recognize actual facts. Probably the President, therefore, could not do otherwise than sign it. The whole questiou by this Act is referred to the people for decision. The result of the Congressional elections this Fall will determine whether we will have inflation or resumption. vat REDISTRIBUTION. Under the new law the currency is again to be adjusted according to population. The theory upon which the National Banks are founded is that there ought to be so much currency per head—that is to say, that there ought to be a specified sum to enable each individual to effect an ex- change of his products. But there are a great many individuals who have nothing to exchange. And these individuals are more numerous in some States than in others. Hence this paper currency will not stay adjusted. Probably three years from date there will be as much necessity tor a redistribution as there is now. Some- thing like what would happen in case the communists had full swing is here trans- piring. One division of property would not be enough. Some members of the com- munity would not work, and would lose their shares. Inequalty would again begin and continue until another distribu- r ti cn on cy i t l wl i oh ls ‘ nrte e ordered. p ed. h The redistribution of cur- enomena somewhat sim- ilar. The greenbacks have a tendency to 110V toward certain money centers. They are as certain to flow in that direction as water is to seek its level. Congress is not likely, therefore, to be able to secure a per- manent adjustment until it provides some adhesive substance to keep the greenbacks in the localities to which they are assigned. It is besides, not very clear that redistribu- tion is not a violation of the laws of finance, instead of a help and assistance to them. Greenbacks will accumulate at the points where they are needed, in spite of any theo- ry o: distribution by the head. But still, if this legislation for forcing water to run up- hill be satisfactory. to everybody, there can be no reason for urging any very violent objection to it. The reason is that the wa- ter will continue to flow down -hill all the same. esae-se-sos While America leads the world in the boldness of her suspension and arched bridges, it is, strange to say, in conserva- tive Holland that we must look for the largest span of girder-bridge yet Con- structed. namely, the Moerdyek bridge, of 493 feet span; while the largest Eng- lish span, the Brittania, is 460 feet, and the largest American, that at Cincinnati, is 420 feet. Even in swing bridges there appears to be nothing in this country that equals the span of the bridge at Brest, in France, of 388 feet opening, or 191 14 feet from the center of the turn -ta- ble to the outer end. It is not unlikely that in a few years these several compar- isons will all be reversed in favor of America, for in no other country at pres- ent are greater engineering structures of this description in progress or projected. John Edgar Thompson, a highly -es- teemed citizen of Philadelphia, and for a number of years President of the Penn- sylvania Railroad, died on May 27th, and his will was probated recently in Phila- delpliia. His estate is valued at $2,000,000, and, after being redaeed by provision for the wife and relatives of the testator, its net income is to be applied for a truly consistent and admirable charity. The will directs the use of the income from this residue for the purpose of educating and maintaining the female orphans of railway employes who may have been killed while in the discharge of their du- ties. IN BAD LUCK. Recently, near Germantown, a woman was scooped up by the cow -catcher of a locomotive. The train couldn't be stop- ped until it had run half a mile. The woman was unhurt. When the story of her escape was told to her husband he said, sadly: \Well I'll be (lamed if wimmen ain't hard to kill. There was my finest Durham. He got on the track and the locomotive struck him, and there wasn't enough life left in him to supply animation to a fly. And my horse ran away with the gig, and the train came along and hit him and it s and the horse was killed and there wasn't a piece of the gig left big enough to make a plug for the spigot -hole of a barrel. Now that wife of mine is of no account and she es- capes. It's always the same. If you have two eggs in your hand, and one is bad and the other good, and. you let them drop, it's invariably the good one that breaks.\ And he looked sad and turned his chew of tobacco in his month, and cogitated on the strange inconsistencies of amidentr. THE GOO2LFELLOW. We wonder if \The Good Fellow\ ever mistrusts hie goodness, or realizes how selfish, how weak, how unprincipled, and how had a fellow he truely is. He never regards the consequences of his acts as they relate to others, and especi- ally those of his family friends. Little fits of generosity towards them are sup- posed to atone for all his misdeeds, while he inflicts upon them the disgraces, in- conveniences, and burdens which attend a selfishly dissolute life. The invitation of a friend, the taunts of good-natured boon companions, the temptations of jolly fellowship, these are enough to overcome all his scruples, it' he has any scruples. and to lead him to ignore all the possible results to those who love hint best, and who must care for him in sick- ness and all the unhappy phases of his selfish life. Tne tteseei Fellow nOtors- ously c reless of his family. Any out- side friend can lead him withersoever he will—into debauchery, idleness. vaga- bondage. He can ask a favor, and it is done. He can invite hint into disgrace. amt he goes. lie can direct him into a fob of dirty work, and he straightway undertakes it. He can tempt him into any indulgence which may suit his vi- cious whims, and, tegardless of wile, mother, sister, who may be shortened in their resources so as legitimately to claim his protecting hand—he will spend his money, waste his time. and make himself a subject of constant and painful anxiety. or au unmitigated nuisance to those alone who care a straw for him. What pay does he receive for this shameful sacri_ fice ? The honor of being a \Good Fel_ low,\ with a set of men who would not spend a cent for him if they should see him starving, and who would laugh over his cahunities. When he dies in the ditch. as he is most likely to die, they breath a sigh over the swill they drink, and say, \after all, Ile was a Good Fellow.\ The feature of the Good Fel low's case which makes it well nigh hopeless, is, that he thinks he is a Good Fellow. He thinks that his pliable disposition, his readiness to do other good fellows a ser- vice, and his jolly ways, atone for all his faults. His love of praise is fed by his companions, and thus his self -compla- cency is nursed. Quite unaware that his good fellowship is the result of his weak- ness ; quite unaware that his sacrifice of honor, and the honor and peace of hi family, for the sake of' outside praise is the offspring of the most heartless sel- fishness, quite unaware that his disregard of the interests and feelings of those who are bound to him by the closest ties of unpriucipled character ; he carries an blood_ 4srias tat ta.mol y unruffled, or s jovial front, while hearts bleed or break around hint. Of all the scamps Society knows, the traditional good fellow is the most despicable. A man who for the sake of his own selfish delights, or the sake of the praise of care- less or unprincipled friends, makes his home a scene of anxiety and torture, and deg - rades and disgraces all who are asso- ciated Willi hint in his home life, is, whether he knows it or not, a brute. If a man cannot be loyal to his home, and those woo love him. then he cannot be loyal to anything - that is good. There is something mean Iseyond description, ill aimv nlan who cares more for anything in this world than the honor, the coutidence, and love of his iltntily. There is some- thing- radically wrong m such a man, and the quicker. and the more thoroughly he realizes, it in a humiliation which bends him to the earth in shame and conflision, the •etter for him. The traditional good fellow is a had fellow from the crown of his head to the sole of his loot. Ile is as weak as a baby, vain as a peacock. selfish as a pig, and as unprincipled as a thief. He has not one redeeming trait upon which a reasonable self-respect can be built and braced. Give us the bad fellow, who stands by his personal family honor, Vs ho sticks to his own, who does not \treat\ his fliends while his home is in need of the money he wastes, and who gives himself no in- dulgence of good fellowship at the ex- pense of duty A man with whom the approving sinile of a wife, or mother, or sister, does not weigh more than a thous- and crazy bravos of boon companions, is just no inan at all.—Dr. J. G. Holland, in Scribner's for June. • 01110•4111-..001111 A VALUARLE RECIPE. The Journal of Chemistry publishes a recipe for the destruction of insects, which, it' it be one-half as efficacious as it is claimed to be, will prove invaluable : Hot alum water is a recent suggestion as an insecticide. It will destroy red and black ants. cock -roaches, spiders, chintz bugs, and all the crawling pests which infests our houses. Take two pounds of alum and dissolve in three or four quarts of boiling water; let it stand on the fire until the alum disappears ; then apply it with a brush, while nearly boiling hot, to every joint and crevice in your closets, bedsteads, pantry, shelves, and the like. Brush the crevices in the floor of the skirting or mop boards, if you suspect that they harbor vermin.. If, in white- washing a ceiling, plenty of alum is ad- ded to the lime, it will also serve to keep insects at a distance. Cockroaches will flee the paint which has been washed in cool alum water. Sugar barrels and boxes can be free from ants by drawing a chalk mark just around the edge of the of them. The mark must be unbroken, or they will creep over it; but a contin- uous chalk mark half an inch In width will set their depredations at naught. Powdered alum or borax will keep the chintz bugs at a respectable distance, and travelers should always carry a package in their hand -bags, to scatter over and under their pillows in places wheee they have reason to suspect the presence of such bed -fellows. ••••••.111111111........111104 ....•••••••••• Strings are not worn on bonnets, but those who require something of the kind wear drarerfer et lat'e. THE MADISONIAN PUBLIIIIED EVERY MATITROAY s —AT— Virginia City, • Montane. THOMAS DEYARMON, Editor and Proprietor. Papers ordered to any address east he changed to another Address attke Option of the snescriber. Remittance by draft. check, money order or registered letter may be sent at our risk. THE MADISONIAN is devoted to Die advocacy of the principles of the Isernucratie parte and to general and local news SHOCKING OCCURRENCE IN A THEATRE. Great excitement was occasioned on Tuesday night at the Adelphi Theatre, Liverpool. by the suicidal act of a person named Richard Wilson. a young man twenty-three years f age. About a qUar• ter to eleven o'clock the young man who had been seated beside two boys in the gallery, turned round to them and said that in two hours from that time they could see him in his coffin if they liked. The boys, taken by surprise at the re- mark, made no reply, and in about two minutes afterward 1Vilson threw a bottle, from which he had been drinking during the the evening, from the gallery into the pit. Immediately afterward the man rose from his seat, and catching hold of the railing in front of the gallery. turned over. After hanging by his hands for a few seconds he suddenly sprang back- ward, and dropped into the stalls. For- tunately, the part of the house into which he fell was not closely occupied, and he descended upon an empty seat. alighting on his back. The performance was just finishing. and was, of course, brought at once to a conclusion. The man was Picked up by some persons near to him, and he was found to be insensible, lie was conveyed to the Royal Infirmary, in the meantitne he had recovered sensibili- ty, and on a medical gentleman attempt- ing to examine him he became very vio- lent, and offered vigorous resistance. Eventually, however, he became more calm, and a sedative medicine was ad- ministered. It was believed that he had sustained very serious injury to the back s and one of his thighs was found to be broken ; his injuries being so extensive that it was considered doubtful whether he would survive the hight. lie was un- der great excitement, induced by drink, having had recourse to the bottle which he had in his possession, and which con- tained :spirits of some kind, very fre- quently during the entertainment at the theater. REPUBLICANISM IN GERMANY. This is a country in nitiell the govern- ment is an incorporation of one set of po- litical principles, but where the people entertain another. Though the accident that the army system has got welded in- to the national habits to such an extent that the most advanced Prussian demo- crats have not a notion how to set about getting rid of it in earnest—were thv. chance of doing so abided them—Ger- many has got to be governed by an ab- solute monarchy. But the German peo- ple are far more really and generally re- publican than the French. There are plenty of excellent State officials --even' in this finest of btlreatiorateies, whikht holds the nation's vill, perhaps, yet more tightly fettered than does the army, Nvhose political principles are Republican to the hone. One of Prince Bismarck's utmost trusted subordinates and indispen- sable companions is one of this class, who has: stiffensl exile in his day for his opie- ions—the more rigorously because he did not keep them by any means to himself nor hesitate attempting to put them into action. Not the less for all this does this admirable functionary fulfill time duties of his office—which all tend to the great- er glorification and fortification of Ill011- a relly—w i th exacti it and zeal. Ill his heart, doubtless, he yearns for Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, and it must be very gratifying to him to observe that just now his mighty chief is so fond of a re- public—in France. But his brain and hands are devoted to the maintenance of a dynasty, the present reigning repre- sentatives of' which) at least looks upon republics with the same sort of contempt and loathing that might be expected to animate the breast Of a Parisian gourmet whilst contemplating the ruilimentary performances in the gastronomic line of a South sea cannibal. A PARDONING GOVERNOR. The South Carolina court having dis- misseo the charge of lareency against Gov. Moses, on the ground that the charge was against the governor and not the man, and that the governor of a State cannot be proceeded against for any crime except by impeachment, the gov- ernor has begun to extend the privileges shown himself to the thieves in the Stater He has pardoned Caesar Case, sentenoell to the penitentiary for official embezzle- ment of county funds, and before he Is done he may pardon all the Republican officials recently sent to prison for similar offences. The argument is, that as the Republican party stands by the govern- or, the governor must stand by the party, and not permit it to he reduced to a min- ority by the confinement of eo many of Its leaders and members in the peniten- tiary. A FORGOTTEN CITY. The late Lieut. Gamier discovered left year in Cambodia the ruins of a great an- cient city. A ngcor. These ruins are of ex- traordinary magnificence, both in point of extent and architectural splendor. The sides of the principal temple measure no less than two miles and a quarter in circum- ference, and the ref _tains of endless roads. • buried in forests and jungle, contain Mon- ument after monument, \each if possible, more astonishing than the preceding.\ The architecture and sculpture of this for- gotten of c t i h ty e e a x rts hi . b a i n t d a t a b 'e e ry ad grea a ed knowl- edget•te1npleide. scribed as the masterpiece of some un- known Michael Angelo. Angeor must bare been one of the greatest cities on the globe, and yet of its history no account remaiuP. Nothing is known of Its past, save that a Chinese traveler, in the year 1202. mention- ed n l a t ne ss i p e l n e t n r d n o i r n. ,in that. three hundred years later it was referred to by Habedenoyre as ----•41048 New cravat bows are double Ting& et China crepe, with a frill of lace in each ring and on the ends. Little capote rsonneta with gray Kik crowns and ehlp in - 42ra. Other wiifl 41! ItIvit, are nVirb