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si Calamity howling republicans suppress truth about American prosperity. Are reminded by I1- , linois congressman of those good old days when Roosevelt and Panic prevailed through the land Washington, July 20. -Represent tive Rainey', the senior member of the democratic delegation from Il- linois, in the house, has fired a broad- side at the republican calamity fak- ers in the house and put some facts up to them which no one has had the temerity to attempt to answer. He charges them with an effort to create a feeling of business depression throughout the country where none exists, purely for political advantage. Incidentally, he has taken occasion to call attention to some events which happened during the \good old re- publican times\ of 1907, when hun- dreds of banks were obliged to is- sue \scrip\ in lieu of money, in vio- lation of law, and when a man with money in the bank could not draw it out upon his own check. In his ringing speech the Illinois representative said: \The congressional record at the present time bristles every day with unpatriotic prophecies of business disaster made by. republican mem- bers of this house, evidently willing and anxious to profit politically at the expense of the prosperity of this country; and these utterances are all wildly applauded by republican and progressives alike on that side of the house. We are just recovering from the republican panic of 1907, and tbrougheut the land the evidence of revival is abunylint. You gentlemen can not bring a out a period of busi- ness disaster, no matter how hard you try. \'Lest we forget,' let the - tell the gentlemen on that side some of the things that happened in 1908, after - the bank panic of 1907; _for which we can charge the republican party with responsibility. There was nothing psychological about conditions in 190? and 1908. • \In Chicago, on February 11, 1908, -the papers announced - that -the -total number of unemployed were estimat- ed by the Federation of Labor at 100,000, and about that date a warn- ing Was issued to craftsmen to keep away from the city of Chicago. \On April 8, 1908, 700 Bulgarians in Chicago appealed to the city and tiounty authorities for aid for depor- tation to their own country. \In Buffalo, on the 20th of January, 1908, 500 men besieged the superin- tendent of the poor for food. Four men were taken to the hospital suf- fering from starvation. \In Camden, N. J., on the 10th of August, 1908, a riot followed the ap- plication of 1,500 men for less than 400 jobs advertised by the Joseph Campbell Co., \In Denver, on the 20th of March, 1908, more than 200 Bulgarians pe• ..... titioned the government for employ- - Went or aid to Burgeria. \In Detroit, on January 28, 1908, More than 2,009 men marched to the city hall to solicit work of the may- or. \In Granite City, Ill., on April 26, 1908, 50 men knelt before various churches pleading for work, and 1 - man killed himself because he fail- • ed to obtain work. \In New York school children num- bering 5,000 mobbed the restaurant of Adolph L,orber to obtain free meals offered by Mr. Lorber on February 13, 1908. - \In New York on March 15, 1908, the city government was urged by the Central Federated L'abor Union to let contracts for subways to furnish work for 500,000 unemployed; and on March 28, 1908, there was a demon- stration in New York in favor of arm- ed revolution made by 10,000 unem- ployed, singing the Marseillaise and other inciting songs as they marched through the streets. A bomb was thrown at the police by an anarchist &Ting the demonstration. \On February 10, 1908, in Phila. sielphia, a total of 50,000 idle men were reported by the labor unions in the Kensington district; and on Feb- ruary 20, 1908, in Philadelphiva riot followed the march of 1,000 Nreign- ers, chiefly women, to the city hall to demand employment; 3 policemen were shot and 14 unemployed were arrested. Also at that time a loan of $9,000,000, to provide funds for public work, was asked by the city forthe unemployed, and a race riot - followed the demonstration of unem- - ployed demanding work; Italians were attacked by men of other na- tions. \On - January 28, 19O8 - In - San Frans clam s there was a league formed of the unemployed, and they demanded -an issue of '$23,000,000 in bonds to - aid them. \On March 23, 1908, in Toledo, 1,- 000 Huharians niched through the rain to receive a loaf of rye bread each. \At that time the total unemploy- ed was eatimated at s1,200,000, half that nun' O er being in the large cit- ies, New York having 250,000 unems ployed and Chicago 90,000. \This is the record, but only part .of it, I have only succeeded in call- ing attention to a small part of the evidence in existence as to the effect of this great republican panic of 1907, which still existed in 1908, and which has come with. us down to the press ent time. From it, under the wise guidance of the present democratic adininistration, we are just recover- ing. It was brought about by long periods of legislative inactivity in this coiintry-inactivity here in this body. You depended upon the obsolete leg- islation of years ago with which to meet the present day problems pre- senting themselves for solution. All these problems which you pushed for- ward indefinitely •into the future, which you did not have either the ex- ecutive or legislative ability or cour- age to meet or to handle, came down to us, and we are solving them all, every one of them, as the time comes, shirking no responsibility, placing the constructive legislation upon the statute books of this country, de- manded by the business conditions of the present period. \The amount of much -needed leg- islation we have placed upon the sta- tute books has been equaled by no other administration in this country in, a century of time. Here on the democratic side of this house we pro- pose to stand by the administration through the long, hot months of a summer in Washington, if it becomes necessary to do so. We propose to stay here until the trust bills are en- acted into law. Throughout the land a subsidized press ia working over- time in its ,efforts to compelsan ad- journment. From the invisible gov- ernment, which, thank God, no longer governs in this country as it did in the days of republican supremacy, there come demands upon the consti- tuents of members - of congress throughout the land that they 'write letters to their members urging an adjournment before the trust bills are enacted into law. A discredited invisible government can not prevent this much -needed legislation. The dawn of a new day has come. There were protests, vigorous protests, against the parcel post; there are none now. There were protests against the Federal reserve law; there are none now. Everywhere there comes from those interests whose profits have heretofore been protect- ed by republican tariffs most violent protests against the democratic tar- iff law, but a recent report from Bradstreet's agency shows that there are substantial reductions in the wholesale prices of over a hundred manufactured staples in common use in the country. This means the bringing about in due time of retail price reductions so important that a return to the old republican system of protective tariff will never again be possible.\ STACK YOUR WHEAT. \Sta .- CV - your w iEtT Grain - Men, farm experts and transportation au.- thorities are offering this advice to the farmers. The advice is being eV - en all the way from Oklahoma to the Canadian line. Some of the reasons given for offering this advice are: Early threshing from the shock and consequent early marketing gluts the market and forces prices down Early marketing overloads the transportation facilities, causes much grain to deteriorate, and fills the Oe. vators, at times making it necessary for grain men to refuse to buy. Once in the stack, the grain may be threshed at a convenient season. Grain quality is improved by going through a sweat in -the stack. J. C. Mohler, secretary of the Kan- sas board of agriculture, has issued an appeal to farmers of that state to stack their grain. He says: .. \Wherever practicable farmers should stack their wheat. Aside from the recognized benefits of this prac- tice, it is_particularly important this year, owing to the tremendous wheat crop and its accompanying problems. Stacking clears the land for early plowing, and experience has proven early plowing advisable. The grain going throughthe sweat in the stack improves its quality, in color, condi- tion and test. Stack threshing may be done at any convenient season, by fewer men, and when temperatures are lower. • \But this year there are other weighty reasons for stacking, The Kansas yield of Wheat is far above the average, but the facilities for handling it are practically the same as in recent years. Providence' has imposed a task on Kansas in caring for an aggregate of wheat such as she has never before experienced. The railroads will ,be taxed beyond their capacity, storage facilities are qiate, and prices have already falter - ,and broken as a result of the im- pending glut of wheat at the market centers. \It lies with the farmers themsel- ves to measurably assist in solving these transportation and storage problems and in Upholding prices by more generally stacking their wheat. A great deal of wheat must be held anyhow, by somebody, either in the shock, stack or bin. In many in- stances threshing outfits cannot be had when wanted. Left in the shock the grain is constantly subjedlAto damage, Stacked grain is storage on wil•••••1111MIS•11.+- veltztotec)iltarto VOL. XLI., VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA, FRIDAY, JULY 24, 1914. No. 44 the farm. Properly stacked, it is safe against the weather, will keep indefinitely, may be insured and money borrowed on it. Stacks ar- ranged in \settings\ make possible the most economical handling of the straw and separated grain and means continuous work for the thresher. \An important feature of stacking this year is the influence it may have on maintaining and bettering prices, by holding the wheat on the farms away from the glutted market. Low- er prices naturally follow big pro- ductions, but it is imperative to the farmers' best interests to hold prices at the highest level good management makes possible. It is the dollars that count with the farmers, rather, than the number of bushels he has gar- nered and he should do every reason- able thing to secure maximum re- turns'from the wheat he has. Dump- ing wheat on a glutted market - makes conditions in which the farmer finds no joy. It seems the chances are that prices will be little if any less than at present, and they may be much higher. Many extensive growers in the 'wheat belt' proper will doubtless find it impracticable to stack, and - others ill thresh from the sh*Ock and rush th - eir grain to market as fast as transportation facilities makes possible because they need the money. But these conditions seem to make stacking all the more desirable. \Taking into consideration all phases of the unusual wheat situation stack- ing will have a more far reaching effect than in other years and appears to bear a closer relationship than usual to the prosperity of the wheat grower.\ PRINCE BROWNE VISITS. Editor C. H. Browne of The Sher- idan Forum, accompanied by Mrs. Browne, were county seat visitors yesterday, Mr. Browne being called here to attend to legal matters. Mr. Browne stated that business in that town was rather good at present, with preparations already being made for the big Harvest festival. While in the city The Madisonian was remem- bered with a very enjoyable visit. BELONGED TO - COUNCIL. William H. Chiles and wife of Lexington, Mo., are spending the week, very pleasantly in Virginia City. Mr, Chiles resided here in 1865 to 1868, and was a member of the council of the second territorial legislature. This legislature adopted the Califor- nia codes as the method of legal pro- cedure for the young territory, and transacted a great amount of busi- ness. Strange to Say, the acts of this assembly were repealed intoto by a republican congress; and a great deal of bitter feeling between the citi- zens of the territory and the admin- istration at Washington was engen- dered. - Mr. Chiles remembers most or these early day experiences very vi- vidly, and with his good Wife he has enjoyed himself very much in looking Up -the-historic landmarks -and- get- ting , trace once more of the friends of his young manhood who helped him make history in the ancient cap - MAJOR HOWE SCORES. • - That James Bs - Howe - of this city is enjoying himself immensely at the Elks' convention in Denver is evi- denced by the fact of a copy of The Denver Post received by a friends in this eity the fora part --at' the -week.- Mr. Howe's profile is shown in a car- toon, and he has the distinction of having more badges and medals than any of the visiting Elks. He was interviewed by Fay King, the noted cartoonist, and boosted Virginia City as being the smallest city in the country having an Elks' lodge. When asked if he was the only member he answered emphatically \No sir-ee, we have 180 live ones,\ and he gave , the young lady' one of the Virginia City badges to wear. FROM SAINT PAUL. Mr. and Mrs. George Godel of St. Paul are guests in the citss today. They are on their way to Spokane, Wash, and stopped off here for a visitiWith friends. .....11.vonmoloo••••VmMia VIRGINIA CITY WILL FIGHT PLAN TO MOVE HERO The Madisonian is in receipt of a' blank petition from Bitter Root peo• pie who propose to build a monu- ment to George Orr, a member of the Fairweather party of gold dis- coverers. The petition states that the body of William Fairweathes might be removed to the Bitter Root, \if favorably cdrisidered by the peo- ple of Virginia City.\ Insofar as ..his paper is able to learn, not a sin- gle resident of Alder gulch -especial- ly among the old timers -would con- sent to Fairweather's removal, al- though no one objects particularly to the proposition to build a monu- ment for George Orr alone. The petition follows: To All Whom It May Concern: Whereas, George Orr, the last re - (Continued on page Eight.) not land hogs. - HIGH WOOL PRICES, Recently there was held in Wash- ington a conference of the wool grow- ers of the United States for the pur- pose of discussing matters pertaining to the advancement and development of their industry. A careful perusal of, the rep_ort of the conference as contained in the current issue of \The National Wool Grower,\ the organ of the association, ,fails to show that a single reference was made to _the subject of a tariff on wool, or that there was any com- plaint because the Underwood bill placed wool on the free list. Accord- ing to \The National Wool Grow- er\ the principal subjects discussed were \Predatory Wild Animal Loss- es,\ \Losses from Dogs,\ \Standard- izing Wool\ and \Government Breed- ing,\ but not a word is contained in the- report about free wool. The reason for this obviously is that the wool growers are today re ceiving a higher price for their pro - &let Than they did before the Under- wood -- bill went into effect, -'and this notwithstanding the fact that the At4PAPalttrilllOglignAt4 that - .was -the -keystone et the Arch of protection, and that free wool would mean the destruction both of the wool growing industry and the wool manufacturing industry. Some of the statements taken from th - e same rime of - \The National War - Grower\ show the prosperity of the industry. W. B. Kendall, accredited with be- ing the largest sheep owner in Maine, writes: \All kinds of industries have their periods of prosperity and adversity. The sheep industry in Maine has fail- ed for many years (obviously some of those years must have been under republican rule and high protae.tion), but mark my prophecy, it is again coming to the front. I am making money from the industry simply as a side issue. What would it,be if I devoted my whole time to the bus- iness?\ - The , paper's Boston Wool Market letter says: • \New England mills were large buyers of desirable wools, not only in the sale, but also by private purchase in London end Bradford. Dealers al- so bought freely, as total purchases of 24,000 bales and over for this country would show.\ BIG APPLE CROP. Spokane, July 20. -This year's ap- ple crop in the United States will exceed the record of 1912, according to a survey - Of the North Pacific Fruit distributors, the co-operative selling agency which handles 65 per cent of the Pacific northwest's commercial shipments. It is apparent from reports issued by the head offices in Spokane that apple shipments from Washington. Oregon, Idaho 'and Montana will amount to about 15,000 cars, a smal- ler total than authorities estimated earlier in the season. Irowever, this figure is not final. The big selling agency is now making a careful sur- vey of the crop in all localities. Each district in the four states will furn- ish a definite estimate to be reported at - a meeting - In Spokane July 25'. Conflicting reports of California's apple crop have been received. The Watsonville district and the Pajero valley each promise ,g,000 cars. Con- ditions vary wideW'iti other parts of the state. Colorado, it is estimated, will have the largest crop in its history, total- ling between 3,000 and 3,500 cars. Utah and New Mexico will ship in- creases. \Practicay all states will have an., plea.\ the summary.contittues. \New York's crop will be the largest since 1896, it is declared. There may be a falling off in Indiana, Wisconsin and Minnesota, but these states are unim- portant in point of - production. Iowa is still uncertain. There will be large gains in all other New England, southern and middle west states, par- ticularly in the well known apple pro- ducing districts. \Canada's apple crop will be very satisfactory i according to iti depart- ment of agriculture. England will have only a 50 per cent crop, its aps ples having been damaged by the May frost.\ Modern business methods make' a check ,account valuable to every per- son having an income. Southern Mon- tana Bank, Ennis, Mont.-Adv. . ' Montana needs more hogs, but VEAL iN DEMAND. \The demand for veal has increas- ed rapidly and not only are the sur- plus dairy calves slaughtered, but thousands of beef calves as well, un- til a calf will now sell for from $8 to $12 when only two or three months old.\ This question from farmer's billies tin 588 of the United States depart- ment, of agriculture means that un- less the farmer has unlimited cheap feeds it is usually more profitable to market the dairy or dual-purpose calves than to attempt to raise them, evsn though some af them might wake good steers. While many de- plore this heavy slaughter of calves and legislation against it has been urged the consumer's demand must be met. While the number of cattle has de- creased the demand for meat - has nat- urally grown until not only have the exports nearly ceased, but the pack- ers that they may provide cheaper meat are now buying many cattle that were formerly fed. The farm- ers who formerly bought nearly fin- IssIses& ssttle asssfeedern -- compelled-to pay higher prices for such cattle or to take thinner ani- mals. The cattle -feeding business has changed greatly during recent years. _Formerly steers _froze -four -to six years of age were fed in large num- bers on commercial feed at yards near granaries or mills, onon large farms where only the roughage was grown, and the cattle were kept on full feed for six months or longer. This method became too expensive so feeding is now conducted upon farms as a means of marketing farm products by converting them into beef, while the manure produced is utilized as a by-product kor maintain- ing fertility. FLOORED WITH FACTS. Senator Gallinger of New Hamp- shire has teen in a terrible state of mind over business ,conditions for months. But his colleague, Senator Hollis, knows just as much as he does about the industries of the state both of them represent. He told the sen- ate that not -'n single cotton, woolen, pulp or paper mill in New Hamp- shire had closed.. \Mr. President, I desire to state,\ continued Senator Hollis, \that I have been in Ne,vs Hampshire recently, and though I made very diligent inquiries I could not learn of a single cotton mill or woolen mill or textile mill of any kind, nera _pulp, mill, nor s pa- per mill that has closed: A few re- publican managers of mills say they are going to close down, but they have not done so as yet. If they do, it will be merely for the ordinary re- pairs in the summer. - . \The McElwain Shoe Co. was cited to me an a plant that had closed. have a letter from the manager of that company * saying that they shall begin again immediately after the 4th of July. In my own part of New Hampshire, in the vicinity of Concord, you cannot hire men at any sort of reasonable wages. Contractors are trying to get men to take care of their work; you cannot get a carpen- ter to patch your roof,and you can- not get a painter to paint a house. Labor has never been so well employ- ed in New Hampshire as it is today. All these wails come from places that are farther away, based, generally, on what ssomeone says, someone writes, someone guesses, or someone predicts. I state on my authority, from actual investigation, that labor has never been better employed in New Hampshire than it is today.\ ' CARNEY ACTIVE. - Jack Carney, deputy state game warden returned to his headquarters -in this city -last Sunday after --spend- ing the past two weeks on a business trip through Beaverhead and Madi- son counties, says The Dillon Ex. antiner. Since the passing of tohe \high water\ season the lure of the stream is calling fishermen and lav- ers of the sport from the cities. The game wardens, 'however, are main- taining * vigilant eye for fishermen without licenses. Conditions in the two counties are favorable from a game warden's point of vieW, a num- ber of the streams beng recently re - 'stocked. Have your boy start an account with us -it will teach him thrift, economy and correct business its. Southern Montana Bank i _Ennit,,, Montana.-Adv.