The Madisonian (Virginia City, Mont.) 1873-1915, October 02, 1914, Image 1
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Politics, as played by republican leaders in Madison county, will be knocked through the ropes on No- vember 3rd. Ask any republican candidate if he is for some other candidate on that ticket, and he will strike out for the hills before answering. VOL. XLII. VIRGINIA CITY, MIONT., FRIDAY OCTOBER 2, 1914. No. 52 Lyman's bunch of scrapping candi- dates_ provide an immense amount of amusement for the voters, a't any. rate. —CO So far as can be noticed by observ- ing people the republican county cen- tral committee isn't bursting its sus- penders to pull Ed Gohn through. . EVANS EMULATES WILSON The School Master. Congressman Evans Has Uftselfishly Sac- To refer to President Wilson as \a schoolmaster in time of rificed His Own Interests and Energy To Help , Sustain the Party's Platform Pledges to Work For the Best Interests of the Treasure State. When Congressman Evans attempt - ed a while ago to give in a few words the fundamental principle that is guiding his activities as a represent- ative of the people, he epitomized it this way: \Woodrow Wilson has established a new standard of fidelity for public officials. I shall strive to emulate his example.\ The Judge, he will always be \Judge\ to his friends, might have added that he has striven to emulate the Wilson example ever since he en- tered congress two years ago, al- though he has probably done it quite unconsciously, says The Helena Inde- pendent. It is the rule of action that has guided his whole service in the hOuse. He didn't attempt to put it into words Until recently, but all the while he has carried it in the back of his head. It was always operative. And where could there be a More in- spiring example found than Wood- row Wilson the man who stands be- fore the warring world today as the exemplification of the purest and loft- iest Meals that has been cast up by , the centuries? - It will probably be agreed that the bilst way to emulate an example is to follow the exemplars That Congress- man Evans has done. He has been a consistent, unchanging administra- tion man. He accepts the very strong doctrine that the president is not only the leader of his party, but the man chosen by the nation to direct with a shaping hand the policies and activ- ities of the times. And,'consistent with this. belief, he has stood loyallx behind the president. during the ac- cemplishment of the great construc- tive legislation that marks' the Wil- son administration as one of the most memorable in American history since the civil war. He gave his vote, his Noice and support to the Underwood tariff bill, carrying the graduated in- come tax; to the great currency bill which promises to revolutionize Am- erican finance and make money panics thing of history, and to the thor- ough -going anti-trust bills that are now receiving' . finishing touches in confereqce. The income tax Moire - - marks Hid greatest forward step in taxation taken in this generation. Aid it is to be surmised that Judga Evans has not forgotten the dire prophecies that were made concerning Mental:1. wool when the tariff bill was passed; that he even indulges an •occasional chuckle when he reads the market smotatione for wool, which show that this year's clips -have -sold at a hig er price than was ever received under the criminally protective Payne -Al- drich law. - . But Congressman Evans has not neglected his state. He is, first of all, a Montana man. The affairs of Me& • tuna have had most consideration - fOr him. His constituents have been foremost in his thought The people of Helena, in particular, have good reason to know that he has been alert and active in their inter- est. The game and successful fight' he made for the retention of the Hel- ena assay office, in the face of oppo- sition of the most stubborn and per- sistent sort, was worthy of the gen- erous appreciation which it received at his hands. His effort failed for the moment, it is true, but, like the strat- egy of the allies, was successful in the end. The powerful appropria- tions • committee of the house s over which John .1. Fitzgerald of New York presides with a tight hold on the strings of the money bag, recom- mended the abolition of the assay of- fices in the Rocky mountain region, including the Helena office. The scene then shifted to the floor of the house, where every effort of the rep- resentatives of Utah, Idaho and Ne- vada to restore the appropriations for their offices to the legislative, ex- ecutive, and judicial appropriation bill was defeated. Representative Evans then took the floor and made a short, effective appeal for the Hel- ena office, contending that one assay ,office at least ought to be retained in the mountain states. Finishing his speech he rallied his friends and succeeded in overriding - the appropriations committee, much to the chagrin of Fitzgerald, and restor- ing the appropriation for Helena by a vote of 91 to 67. This fight was in the committee of the whole house. It was neeessary for ,the fictisinef the committeee to run tin) gauntlet of the house proper, and C,ongressmart Fitzgerald, after a bitter address de - OPPOSED TO THE NEW BILL Many -Well Known Insurance Men -Say That the Workmen's Comlieniation'Act Is Confiscatory and Vicious ---Puts Farm Labor In the Extra Hazardous Class According to' Seedgrowers. That Initiative Measure No '7 • . . known -as the 'compensation act; is generally believed by a majority of Montana people to be confiscatory and vicious is indicated by the fol- lowing dispatches from various parts of the state: Helena, Sept. 26. --'-The seed grow- ers t I as being opposed to' the workmen's compensation law as it will be vot- ed upon at the .election this fall un- der the initiative in the belief , that it will affect the farmers of thestate. W. V. Talbott, a farmer of Arm- ington, Cascade -county, and one of the directors of the Seed Growers association, has received a reply t to a letter which he Wrote to the Mon- tana Life Insurance compank asking' information with reference to the classification of risks. \While the Montana seed growers and the farmers in general believe that the measure is such as to neces- sitate their voting against it, in that it places them in the extra hazard- ous class, they regret that they are forced to do this for their own pro- _ tection,': said Mr. Talbott. \From the statistics in Mr. Her- furh's letter it is plain that the farmers are classed as extra hai- ardous by all insurance companies. However, the seed growers have no ill feeling against those labor - or- ' ganizations who favor the passage of this measure. And we hope that ! at some time in the near future we can all co-operate in some Measure that will bring about the needed 're- lief sought by. the friends of the bill.\ Mr. Talcott declared ..that he hub fully intended to vote for the pres- ent- measure until after he had re- ceived the letter fom- the Montana Life Insurance company. The let- ter is as follows: \MY. W. V. Talbott, Montana Seed Growers' association, Montana state fair city. Dear Sir: Your letter Of - even date t M CunninghamI tive to classification of risks ' has been ref k ee rV to the - b u n r clei l • e s t ifnr ed t . hat, you trete-ttft schedule which ap- plies when t_Atr_ineraly and pelman- ' ent - dblinity are considered as well • as accidental death, .but not death ' from disease, and therefore the schedule printed in the accident in- , surance manual, published hy the Spectator company of New York city, is the beat authority obtain- able. • \This classification is divided into the following rates, beginning Ivith the least dangerous: Select, prefer- red, ordinary, medium, special, haz- 1 ardotis, - extra hazardous, special • hazardous, extra special' hazardous. \The select class includes book- keepers, bankers, -owners of factor- ies not actually running machines, seedmen; .not handling, etc.; ordin- ery,' farm implement agents, bank- ers, fresco painters, nurserymen, seedmen (frardnee) , ,, seed merchant, etc.; medium, quarry foreman, res- taurant proprietor, riveter, etc.; spe- cial, barb wire makers, bolt and nut makers, building mover, machinist., etc.; hazardous, horseshoer, sea fisherman, forest ranger, hodcarrier, ice cutter, etc.:. extra hazardous, farmer or farm hand, live stock ship- per, tending in transit, railway con- struction laborer, timber hewer, etc.; special - hasprdous, lumbermen . the woods, hewer, chopper or sawyer, 'etc.; extra special , hazardous, air- ship operator, hunter,. prospector. raftsmaa, submarine . diver. \ \It most be borne in mind that the above classifications are intend- ed to be used when there is no bene- lit to the beneficiary ender a policy in case of the insured's death from natural cause and that th ,insurance s fqr ,aeci , dental deathi and weekly indemnity is in the ratio of $1000 to $5100. some classi- fications .farm laborers are given a more favorable' rating but where a substaptial company. uses such more favorable rating you will find that , the accident insurance is either sold in connection with straight life in- surance or. the ratio between acci- dental death and weekly indemnity benefits • is. different. The premium rates charged . under the above etas- sifications are'. generally about twe and a half times as much for extra hazardous as for select. \I shall be pleased to give you any . further ieformation'. at • my. corn- , mend.- • \Respectfully yours, \CARL E. HERFURTH.\ Helena, Sept. 27.-1). McGuire, state organizer of the Farmers' So- ciety of Equity, today gave out an open letter, addreased \To Members of the Farmers' Society of' Equity' and Other Farmers in Montana,' in which he holds that farm labor will come under the extra -hazardous class in initiative measure No. 7, the cemponsation ect, which is to be vu--' (14AI -*I the coming etc:3104 The letter follows: \To 'members -of the Fanner,' So- ciety of Equity, and other farmers in Montana: Desiring to learn for• myself from first . hand sources'as• to how the insurance\ companies of the United States .rate farm labor as to its hazardousness, have made per , ' sonal investgation'here, and find the following le be facts: \Farm labor is- set down as class 7, specifically held to be extra-. 'azardous. There are six other classes rated by accident insurance companies - if hest — haziirdotis than. - farming and farm 'abort s and among these are practically all the trades and occupations that are being fol- lowed in Montana with the,axception of under ground mining, which is rated as perilous, and more hazard- ous, than farming or farm labor. \I find these facts in The Specta- tor Manual, official publicationi of the aecidint insurance companies doing business in America. \'Me. pending compensation bill has a provision which says: 'If there be any other -work other than these herein and above enum- erated it shall come.under this act.' \As the Het specifically includes the other trades and they are class- - ed by accident insurance companies as less hazardous than farming. I can not escape the conclusion that courts will be compelled 'Co construe farm labor 8:1; coming -within the P rovision of initiative measure No. 7, the workmen's compensation bill, that is to be passed or rejected at the election in November. - \D. - M'GUIRE. (Continued on page Five.) NEW TYPE OF BOMB GUN OF BRITISH ARMY uouneing democratic members for de- serting the committee in its need,had the amendment rejected, largely through timely aid furnished -by Mi- nority Leader Mann and his republi- can cohorts. Congressman Evans' fight, however, was the leaven in the loaf. When the bill went to the sen- ate the appropriation for the Hel- ena office was placed back in the bill under the watchful eyes of Senators Walsh and Myers, and the Helena of- fice will continue to do business at the old 'stand. If the writer was asked what, in his opinion, is the greatest service which Congressman Evans has per- formed during his career in congress, the outstanding feature that distin- guishes his record, he would instant- ly reply that it was the work which he did as a member of the sub -com- mittee of the house committee on mines and mining that investigated conditions in the zone of the Colorado mining strike. In that work he had a real opportunity for seryice, and he Made the most, of it. Incidentally -the activities- of the scommittee attracted national attention, Mr. Evans Ire-- quently getting a place on the front page of newspapers throughout the country. In Colorado the issue was drawn between a group of autocratic mine owners, headed by the younger John D. Rockefeller, Bible class teacher and professed uplifter, who were de- termined to crush the independence of their operatives under the iron beer of despotism, on the one hand, and on the other, the long oppressed mi- ners of that .state, who were strug- gliag desperately for the most ele- xeseata.1 ofltuteeta , rigkite v jaelfalin' right to pretectlon whih retognition of their union would provide. Con- ditions were deplorable. Women and children had been shot down with ma- chine guns irt the tent colonies of the strike district by hired thugs and \gun men\ in the pay of the mine .0,:wriers. Law and order had been triiiipled under foot and f ile weak and wobbly Governor AmmOns had surrendered abjectly to corporate in- fltu3nces. Congressman Evans went to the bottom of things. Whe workingmen of the state quickly learned Abet they had a fearless champion in the Mon- tane member, whose sharp question- ing bared a state of affairs that was a disgrace arid a reproach to the na- tion. He counseled mediation, but the obdutfite cdrporations turned a deaf 'ear. He tried to get the New rk ateckholders4e-spa4o-tite--ifiate- and see for themselves what their pclicy of blood and iron was aecom- plishing. In a dramatic session of the committee in Washington, he told young Rocicefeller that he knew 'nothing about cenditiens in Colcrado; that the men to whom he Intrusted the management of his affairs - out there were not worthy of his ccnfi- deuce. All -the whit: he was seeking to acconstilish scmething definite, something tangible and useful, and the -result of his -labors' found eitnres- sion in a bill which he later intro- duced in the, house, to prAibit the Ahipping of strikb-breakers and mer- cenary \gunmen\ from one state to another. . 1 •;- - lioes of the fight hg was making for organized labor had drifted out o Montana, and vet y seen he was •.\e- luped with letters frcni labor leaders and rs.solutions adopted by labor un- ions in all 'parts of the state, com- mending him for his splendid fight and thanking him for his efforts. These resolutions many of them warm with praise, will doubtless long be preserved by him for their senti- mental value, if for nothing else. It didn't take Judge Evans long to get in action after he got to Wash- ington. 'And his first act got him in- to the national spotlight. Reading in a newspaper that two petty of- fenders against the law were to be given a bare back flogging in Dela- ware, he launched an assault against the whipping post, that relic of bar- barism that so strangely,stillpersists in one of the thirteen original states. Evans sought to have the department of justice intervene, Mit the auto- nomy of Delaware was in the way. This, however, did not stand in the way of pointing the finger of scorn at Delaware. This he (14 in a ve- hement speeech in the house. The effect was immediate. . The great newspapers of New Yo:s , .. and Phila- (Continued on page Seven: peace completely suriTunded by a war tax,\ would strike the average man as a pretty poor sample of cheap wit, especially when it comes from an aspirant for a seat in congress, and it is to be feared that the strained effort as facetiousness upon the part of Mr. McCormick in his references to the president at the recent republican convention -rally in this city, did not strike a very responsive chord in either the intelligences or the hearts of his hearers, says The Billings Tribune, the only independent daily in Montana. There is no question that Woodrow Wilson has been a schoolmaster, and unquestionably he was something extra fine - n i - that role. He has been a big enough man to be president of a great university, and it might be remarked that a man who is big enough to fill such a position successfully and with honor to himself and to his institution, is big ,enough to fill any position within the gift of the people, from president of the United States down to congressman at large from the state of Montana. The Tribune utterly fails to see just wherein the vocation of schoolmaster is one to be sneered at or why the term schoolmaster should be regarded as a reproach. Possibly there was a time in the wild and unregenerated west when a school- master, standing as he does for culture, for education, refine- ' ment, and all the things which differentiate the man of learning - from the rough, uncouth and illiterate cowpuncher, miner or lumber jack, was considered to be out of place, a veritable ten- derfoot who could be made the target of the rude and ignorant, wit of the illiterate,. but that time has gone by it indeed it evf exised in so progressive and intelligent a state as is Montana. Billings people respect learning; they admire discipline and they revere mental qualifications, hence it is to be -presum- ed that when Mr. Mcormick shot off, his puny wit at the presi- dent because of his former avocation, it must have been that his hearers thought that the gentleman from the university town at the other side of the state, had totally - misjudged his audience and supposing that Billings was in eastern Montana, an agricultural region, the people treessarily ' must be of the \Rube\ or \Jay\. class; who hate et despise the people whom their mental qualifications prevent them from understanding. Woodrow Wilson was a schoolmaster, for which the coun- try may be truly thankful, and it is to be presumed that upon a pinch he might resume the calling. Mr. Taft became a sort of school master after his term As president was brought to an end because of the solicitatiob of the populace, and while he is not much of a school master, he Iseing rather of ,the \canned\ variety, ii having a job fixed-up -for -him, :still it is-possillle-that Mr. Taft is of greater breadth of vision than is Mr. McCormick of Missoula, and that being such, he thinks that the way to pop- ular favor and political perferment lies through the school room. These United States have been going to the bar and to the , rarti<s_ofille_pEacticat politicians for thsir_ presidents for lo these many years arida sad lot of presidents they have landed,, once in a while. \If we cannot get what we want and what' we really need from the bunch which has graduated from the law into politics, what's the matter with our going into the school room and getting a man who while he has not run with the machine at least knows what he wants; who while lacking in the species of guile which goes to make the professional pol- itician may possess the broadness of mind to comprehend great problems: the idealism which will enable him to put him- self in the place of the humblest citizen; the honesty of word and act and purpose that is characteristic of the schoolmaster rather ' than the trained politician,\ said the people. - Yes, on the whole the country is pretty well satisfied with the school master in politics and it is probable that it will not soon go back to the old style of political president. The reference to war tax is just about on a par with that to - the schoolmaster, and it is to be feared that the - congression-1 al candidate rather rather, missed it in his jocularity, all the way around. PAT'S SPUDS. \Pat\ Carney's Howard-Elliottt po- tatoes, better known as the \great big potatoes, are chief features of Madi- son county's exhibit at the state fair, says The Helena, Independent. The potatoes are immense, and are of the variety served on the Northern Pacific dining cars. Mr. Carney is the originator of this variety of veg- etable, having worked for years at his Primrose ranch, on a process of - selection until he finally bred the huge specimens that have made him fa - minis in the state. When he finally perfected the species a number of years ago, h e told the seed to ranch- ers all over the state, until today he has the most energetic producers of his own pOtatoes to compete with. But the \great big potatoes\ are not the only ones on display. There are no less than sixteen varieties of ••••••••memarreow potatoes in the booth, to say nothing of the varied general display of veg- etables. There are snake cucumbers over a yard in length, and luxuriant German kale plants that would be an ornament in any home conservatory. Thre are tremendous snowwhite tur- nips, that have been adorned withths blue first premium ticket. All of the vegetables on display are of immense proportions, the big black winter radishes being over a foot in length, and mangels measuring eighteen or twenty inches in length and.eight or Les, inches in diameter. Motion pictures tomorrow night. ,