# The Madisonian (Virginia City, Mont.) 1873-1915, October 09, 1914, Image 1

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James Vend beck . returtied Tues. day from ip around tho county He yeports that business 03 . 4. rule is good in the surrounding country Mr. Vanderbeck.dispoSed of a large number of folding bath tii:os and re- ceived orders for maey more to be delivered in the near\ fctuee\. VOL. XLII. VIRGINIA CITY MONT., F101 . DAY, OCTOBER 9 1914. noteworthy addresses in the house on the, bills for the conservation of the country's natural resouces was made by Congressman Stout of Montana. Mr. Stout said: I merely desire to submit a few general observations on this and oth- ers of the so-called conservation measures which have been reported to this house by the committee on public lands, I would take this oc- casion to bring to the attention of the house some idea of the fidelity with which that committee labored for months on these great measures, and particularly to express my pro- found admiration for the patient in- dustry and the rare judgment shown throughout weeks of unremitting and arduous toil on these measures by the chairman of the public lands com- mittee, the Hon. Scott Ferris. Grant- ing that all, or even some of these measures are enacted into law, this congress and the nation at large will be under a burden of obligation to the gentleman from Oklahoma- for the very large part he has played and the splendid manner in which he has played that part in bringing about constrttetive legislation, more far-reaching in its ultimate effects 'upon the indifetelarsithe -10d'protipiste ity of the western states and Alaidca than any -other act accomplished within a generation. As one of the new members of that committee, but one who, by reason of my location in one of the greatest, aye the great- est, of western states, I have been constantly gratified at the masterly conception shown by the chairman of our committee of the real purposes of sane conservation and at his com- plete knowledge of conditions which obtain in states and a teritory so far removed frem his own. He has exhibited a degree of genuine states- manship in the applieation of his in- dustry and his knowledge of these problems which mark him for great- er honors in his state and nation, as, time runs along. I am not altogether in accord with some of my very good trends from the far west in so far as ,our views on the conservation measures now before the house are concerned. Per- haps it would be happier to say that while I agree with them as to the necessity of having the 'nation's iriches in tho - se -vast ittoreluiuses -of the west developed, there is a diver, Renee of opinion as' to the attitude which the people of the west should' assume toward the means and man- ner of development. It must be confessed that the peo- ple of the west,' and with very ex- cellent reasons, did not lend enthus- iastic indorsement of the so-called policy of conservation which was in- augurated some 10 or 12 years ago and reached the flower of its pert ec- ton during the regime of the tennis cabinet. During that period we saw TRIP POSTPONED. Miss 'Jeiinette Rankin, president of the state Women's Suffrage assoc- iation of Montana, who was to visit Virginia City tomorrow, has can- celled her engagement, owing to othe er preseing engagements, but hopes to visit this city some time in the near future. Stout Urges the Passage of conservation Bills Brilliant Young ,Statesman From Montana Delivered Strong Speech In the Lower House of Congress Urging the Passage of Bills That Will Greatly Benefit the West Washington, Oct. 3.—One of the millions of acres of land upon which those who have had the hardihood upon that point in a few minutes. forth electrical enrrgy to light the matters can be hastened to a more veloped. I am convinced that the coal lands, the timber lands, the wat- er power, the phosphate lands, the radium lands shall speedily pass in- to private ownership is a vain hope; that the sentiment of this nation is overwhelmingly against permitting these resources to pass into private hands and that such a sentiment is growing, rather than diminishing, in volume in this country, and I, for one, am willing to accept an inevit- able situation rather than fruitlessly battle against it, and to exert My best endeavors toward deriving some- thing to the advantage of, my state from such a condition of affairs. I would rather that the govern - ‘ dying out. ment of the United States retain the It is just as well for those of us Mr. Stout. I yield to the g,ntle- title to the coal and other mineral who live in the west and represent man from California. lands in Montana and open up ti ose Mr. Baker. Does not the gentle- land,. for comprehensive development western constituencies to face the is - man recognize a vast distinction un- tl.aa that the question of ownership sue squarely and take our stand upon der President's Wileon's policy of remain indefinitely a bone of conten- this great question. The government has title to limitless wealth in our conservation in the way of using our tion while the minerals remain on - states. I wish viteowned our coal resources instead of reserving them disturbed in the bosom of the earth. lands and our phoiphate lands and fi and locking them up? I' want to see toil mighty waterfalls our forest lands as the people of oth- Mr. Stout. I am going to touch of my state hare e,sed and sending er states own, oeeupye and: tieftrthee lands within the borders of their re- spective commonwealths, but the hard, harsli, indisputable fact re-. mains that we do not. Our only equity in these great properties, in addition to that which we hold in common with all of the other people of this nation, is the rather doubt- ful privilege of policing them, build- ing roads through them, and taking care of then* generally while deriv- ing no revenue from them. We tna: talk ourselves black in the face, we may declaim about thc intangible rights of oufr states and these lands and resources, we may even U C'? togrt decisions to show that our interests are paramount to the inter- ests of the people of other FC'CiirilkS of the country, but opposed to us is a resistless public sentiment, based partly upon selfishness and partly upon the sincere convictions of thoughtful people, that these posses - Mons are not ours but the nation's. We can argue that our friends on this side of the continent are selfish in that, having exhausted their own resources -or -permitted them to pass into private - ownership for exploita- tion or development, they now insist - that resources of a similar character located in the western states must be differently disposed 'of, but such arguments do not open up our coal mines, employ labor in the develop - merit of other mineral resources, or build dams across. the streams which tumble down over the precipitous slopes of our mountain ranges. I yield tO' no one in loyalty to the people of the west. They represent the best there is of our national life, no trees were growing Withdrawn to forsake the firesides, the fields, It has come to be not so much a upspeinging cites. to turn the wheel , : speedy conclusion. from entry and incorporated in al- the factories, and e' stores of their qtkestion as to how the wet shall of great factories, to pull trains We have heard much of adjourn- leged forest reserves; we . saw all eastern homes, to break the associa- be developed as that it shaff be de- across the plities \ and mountain coal lands and millions of acres un- ment during the last few weeks. tions Which bound them mightily \to 41er which there was not the slight- the haunts of their youth and tun est .reason for assuming ther was their faces toward a new land, where any coal withdrawn from entry, thus expectancy is always . to be joined :hutting out thousands of lidmeeeelt- with uncertainty. During my brief ers who would Otherwise have found career in this body as a representa- homes upon - those vast areas, I .will tive of people of that type, pioneers, not undertake teo l deny the possible many of them, natives of far-off necessity .for some such action, but states, practically all of them, it has the ruthless manner in which this. been my constant purpose to act for sudden passion for the conservation what I conceived to be their highest of our national resources was inang. • •welfare. It is with that purpose in urated, the innumerable instances ot mind' that I gladly yield support to injustice done to actual and prosper - the conservation measures which tive settlers, aroused intense re- have been and will be brought before sentment among all of the people of the 'house from the committee on the the western states and created, pre- public lands. judices against an entirely mentor- Mr. Baker. Will the gentleman bolls movement which will be long in yield? Millions In Gold The Geological Survey Issues Bulks - The Same Old Gang, The Billings Tribune, an independent newspaper, sized up the political situation in this state as follows: \Other millions who left it (the republican party) two years ago, not because they disagreed with its principles but because they were dissatisfied with some of the methods of its control—have voluntarily returned to its standard\ says the republican organ in a decidedly remarkable editorial plea for the election of the republican \From Congrescman ranges to light alti heat . the home. ef the people of eu- wonderful state 'rather than to see them remain eter- nally unused. I N. ant to see our un- measured deposits of coal attacked by thousands of miners and brought forth to serve its purpose of ustful- :less to manic al rather than to have it remain forever locked up while we debate as to who owns 'the fuel I desire development, not e constant stream of academic discussion as to whose right it is to do the develop- ing. Moreover, I have such faith in the fairness of the American people, in the justice of our central govern- ment, that no anxiety attacks me as I contemplate the enactment of mea- sures which give that central govern- ment such a tremendous stake in the Industrial life of the great state which I, in part, represent on this floor. (Applause.) I can not withhold the brief ex- pression of the gratification which I am afforded by the knowledge that it is my party which has undertaken this great task. As practiced in the past, conservation has,raeaut net - toe, it - Eitirrifeant the opposite to progress. It required no particular foresight, certainly no vast degree of statesmanship to withdraw these vast - areas of forest and mineral lands. The stroke of a pen did that, But the efforts of our predecessors' practically ended with that one stroke of the pen. They had appar- ently neither the inclination nor the capacity to take the next logical step forward and provide ways and means for opening up those resources for the use, the benefit, and happiness of our people. That work was left to us to do, and I ant proud to say that we are doing it. to Constable.\ • • • • When the People of the west con* to cast up .the accomplishments of It might have been all right to have, written such a plea, the present administration in so for basing the appeal for support to congressional candidates up- 1 :: they affect conlo 1 I t n h , i e t tr os in T o i du al I y t at o e f l ' our industries have been ruined,\ but when it is remembered much, necessity infinitely that! we' they must 8 11011'' more than any prey - 'our industries the ground that because of democratic tariff legislation that the same old gang in national politics is at the front of N , i;u e s ii t ou v iminist v r i a t nn f has r i to its credit millions\ with the republican party because of 'some of the of that e wo p i ro iderful land, l A e la n s e i c ca es , s v it. it e ll ‘ a railroad law, to which the bill now the Grand Old party that caused The dissatisfaction of \other into the field, the candidacy of the old time republican boss. ' 1 ;e fo avrii i tt a- e, -cro t rir m io r n d . e me o asure. methods of its control,\ the re-ontry of 'Uncle Joe\ -Cannon Boise Penrose, for the - senate, and the active participation of .settlerm on reclamation projects. We shall h&c made possible the devel- the same old gang in directing \some of the methods of it t coaldeposits opm ent of . ou . r water power and our (the party's) control.\ it would look as though the soft pedals We have brought its - o effect a more should be placed upon the reasons why the millions of people'te sympathetic system left the republican party two years ago. • . The Tribune does not hold a brief for the democracy, therefore, it will allow the strictures upon the democratic party to speak for themselves, but we notice that reference is made to the wise rule of republicanism in this state as contrasted \with the opposition parties making of its platform merely mo- lasses to catch flies with,\ although we are not exactly clear from reading this whether it is the republican party or the opposition which is wasting good molasses in this day ,of the high cost of living, for doing what a reasonably effective fly trap could do much better. It does, however, occur to us that when we size up the aggregation which is directing the- des- Bozeman -Business an Interesis of- dealing with the humble home- steader. We have inaugurated; through the department of the in- terior, reforms whereby patents can be more expeditiously issued, and through an enactment of this con- gress, have added a tribunal before which controversies over public land There have been such. times during the last few weeks. There have been times during the heat of the past summer when I pered with longing eyes in the direction of the snow- capped peaks of the Montana Rock- ies and prayed that just one refresh- ing breeze from that Eden land might strike across my fevered brow. ' In my dreams I have gazed upon the sweep of plain and heard the rip- pling of the snow cool waters as they dashed down through mountain gorge and out across the verdant valleys of the treasure state, I have been afflicted with every variety of home- sickness known to science, including the congressional sort, - which be. comes most acute immedately before 1 primary election is to be held, but have succeeded in stifling the mm.' - pulse to take flight for that far away land. (Laughter.) I am now reconciled to any fate, so far as ad- journment is concerned. I would really look forward with a strong sense of satisfaction to a contineous session, if by remaining here we can, consummate the, Work w.lrieh:has,.,lieers, begun on this conservation program. My friends write that I am needed at . home, and I expect I am. An election is to be held out there in Montana in a couple of months, and a couple of congressmen are going to be elected. While I have the utmost faith in the discriminiating judgment to the intelligent voters of Montana, accidents have been known to hap- pen in politics, and, in a moment of thoughtiessnesti, a lot of pew:tie might', fail to vote for me if I don't .get out that way pretty soon and be- gin to demonstrate to them just what a real, Simon pure statesman I am. That is the reason my friends think I ought to come home. However that may be, it is my judgment that we might as well stay here and fin-' ish what has been so excellently farted. Let us et - include the trust program, let us put through the conservation program ard two or threo,little bills whioh I have on the ertanimotts consent clleil'Iar,tind then we can quit ,with a feeling of secur- ity. If the unexpected should hap- pen, if --a-lot of ua....siroald happen to fall by the wayside next November. the country will be reasonably well protected against • the Machinations ,of those who come in our places. do not anticipate any such a calam- ity, but Prudence Would suggest that we safeguard our country against all possible contingencies. The en- actment of these bills will be in the nature -of a nrlitical war risk, which the country atioald be provided with, even if we have to stay heee until the 4th day of next leterch. (Ap- plause.) Ian New Railroad times of the republican party of Montana; when we see the tin Describing .the Vast Gold \Big Four.\ Marlow, Landstrum. EdWafds and Donlan, we almost said Bair, but he is a resident and voter of Portland, Bearing Area of Southern Mon. Oregon, and we must have meant Selway, as advisor in chief, we sometimes doubt whether the people of Montana are tana IncludingPirginia City. disposed to believe that there has been any change in the matters which caused millions .to be \dissatisfied with some of the methods of its (the republican party's) control.\ It is the , same old gang which provoked republican insurgency long before a bull moose party was even dreamed of in the' nation: It is the old,, corporation, copper bound aggregation of say oolitic* bos s wiffitad so often shackled the people of Mon- tana and d iveret them, body and soul, over to the tender mercies of the interests which. like leeches, have sucked the life blood from the commonwealth. . Figs cannot grow on thistles, and silk purses are not often made frotn the ear of a porcine female. neither an you expect political virtue from a political prostitute. The old gang whose corrupt rule has so long disgraced Montana is still in the repub- lican saddle, and the success of the republican party in the state at the coming election means just the same sort of taint and disgrace as it did two, four and six years ago. 0 About 30 mining districts in Southern Momana are described in a report just issued bY the United States geologcal survey as , bulletin 574,\ The Mining Districts, of 'the Adjacent Areas,' by A. N. Win - obeli). The area decsribed watt oi. great impot,anco in the early deVele ment of Montana, for it was Qjigol4 of that region that led to th abut of population and the event set- tlement of of the state. The Dil- lon quadrangle comprises abtriut 3,- 200 square miles; the great Butte copper • mining district is imno- diaely noroth of it, and indeeed two of the Buttte ameiters are within it. The first important discovery of was precious metal in Montana was made at Bannack in 1862, and the placers of Bannack are reported to have yielded hat year $600,000' in gold. A far greater strike was made in June of the next year at Alder gulch. This discovery caused an extmorrdinary infush of gold - seekers and ledt o the founding of a number of towns on Alder creek, the largest of which, Virginia City, had within a year or so 10,000 in. habitants, It became at once the _great center of population and the capital of the territory, but the in- 'eyitable decline s000n set in, follow.. I, the exhaustion of. The placers, *lid in 1874 the capital . was trans- ferred to Helena. Alder fulch is the longest and richest gold-heaing gulch ever found in Montana, and within the first 20 years its gravels yielded more than$30,000,000; in fact, some authors place the output as high as \$60,000,000 Placer mining has been going en more or less coninaously, ever since the early days, and in late years modern methods of attacking. the gold -bearing gravels have begun to be introduced. Dredges now hnndle the gravels of Alder creeek at an average cost of about 8 cents a cubic ger than the total from all the mines yard, and it is expected that with in the region. stilll larger dredges this can be re- Though the first mining in the duced to about 4 1 / 2 cents. The pro- state was done on the gold placers ved dredging ground will probably ,attenton was soon turned to lodes. keep all the dedges in constant op- Even during the '60's some little eration for about 10 years. Thegold progresss was made in opening deep output of this fleet of dredges Is ler-, mines or quartz, mines. But the richest ore 'could be mined on ac- count of the extremely high cost of labor and of supplies, which were brought in by wagon train, at first. from Pike's Peak, Colorado,1 and late:. from Utah. In 1882, the , ad - (Continued on page Five.) Well Known Capitalist In New Enterprise of Building an Electric Railroad Up the Madison Valley. E. W. Dawes, a real estate man of Bozeman, who hes been interested in promoting a railway from Boze- man via the Madison valley to Yel- lowstone, Montana, and who interest- ed in the project C. A. Loomis, a rail - project Charls A. Loomis„ a railway way attorney and promoter of Kansas City, has just heard from Mr. Loomis says a Bozeman despatch. He will come ,to Bozeman about the middle of October with the expectation of looking over the project, and pre- pared to take up actively the plans for financing the the undertaking, if it promises well. Mr. L000mis writes in part: \I have your kind favor which I have read with interest. I have no doubt the engineer you mention would be able to make a temporary survey and furnish such information as I would need to decide whether the road could be buiit I would flee I would ilke to have that informa- tion, or as much as is obtainable, when I come out there. Ihavethought the matter over and have talked with your brother and have decided that I will coma to Rozemn and look ovar the proposition. \My present engagements are such that 1% will be Impossible for me to heave here before Ocober Jl5. \Now in the meantime I wopid suggest that you have :your engi- neer go over the road and make a survey and get the elevation, courses - and distances , and be aVer to give a very careful estimate oflithe grades, length of road, and the amount of grading and digging that vrill be necesssary. He should also be very careful that he follows the most feasible and practicable route with the easiest grades and shortest dis- tances, and if he possibly can, would like him to prepare a profile of the road, showing the above in- formation. I would also strongly urge that you go over the county rec- ords and secure a complete list of all the property owners in the valley - showing the acreage owned by each, also any incumbranees on the land, .and the addresses. It will be (Continued 6 page rive.)

The Madisonian (Virginia City, Mont.), 09 Oct. 1914, located at <http://montananewspapers.org/lccn/sn86091484/1914-10-09/ed-1/seq-1/>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.